- William J. Fetterman
Fetterman was probably born in
New London, Connecticut, although there is some uncertainty. His father was a career Army officer of Pennsylvania German ancestry. Fetterman enlisted in the Union armyin Delawarein May 1861 and was promptly commissioned a first lieutenant. He served with the First Battalion of the US 18th Infantry Regimentthroughout the Civil War and was twice brevetted for gallant conduct, finishing the war a lieutenant colonel of Volunteers. After the war, he chose to remain in the Regular Armyand was assigned as a captain in the Second Battalion of the 18th Infantry Regiment. In November 1866, the regiment was stationed at Fort Phil Kearny, tasked with protecting immigrants traveling to the gold fields of Montana Territoryalong the Bozeman Trail.
, and 2 civilian scouts, ironically totaling 80 men. Ignoring his orders not to venture beyond Lodge Trail Ridge (out of sight and support distance from the fort), Fetterman pursued a small band of Sioux and was lured into an ambush. He found himself facing approximately 2,000 Indians. Within 20 minutes, Fetterman and his command had been wiped out.
The Fetterman Massacre, as the encounter became known, was second in notoriety only to Custer's disastrous defeat in 1876. It led to the dismissal of Fetterman's commanding officer,
Henry B. Carrington, who was initially blamed for the disaster, but was eventually exonerated.
Fetterman's grave is in the National Cemetery at the
Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument. He had never married and left no heirs. His pension was sent to his mother.
In 1867, the army designated a new outpost in the
Dakota Territoryas " Fort Fetterman" in honor of the slain officer, as well as Fetterman Street and Fetterman Drive in Laramie, Wyoming.
*Brown, Dee, "The Fetterman Massacre", University of Nebraska Press, 1971. ISBN 0-8032-5730-9.
* [http://www.friendslittlebighorn.com/Fetterman-Battle.htm Fetterman battle on Friends of the Little Big Horn site]
* [http://www.friendslittlebighorn.com/Fetterman-Battle-Photos.htm Fetterman battlefield photos]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
William J. Fetterman — Este artículo o sección necesita una revisión de ortografía y gramática. Puedes colaborar editándolo (lee aquí sugerencias para mejorar tu ortografía). Cuando se haya corregido, borra este aviso por favor … Wikipedia Español
Fetterman-Massaker — Teil von: Indianerkriege Inschrift am Denkmal … Deutsch Wikipedia
William Harding Carter — Infobox Military Person name= William Giles Harding Carter born= birth date|1851|11|19 died= death date and age|1925|5|24|1851|11|19 placeofbirth= Nashville, Tennessee placeofdeath= Washington, D.C. placeofburial= caption= William Harding Carter… … Wikipedia
Fort Fetterman — was a wooden fort constructed in 1867 by the United States Army on the Great Plains frontier in the Dakota Territory approximately 11 miles northwest of present day Douglas, Wyoming. It was located high on the bluffs on the south side of the… … Wikipedia
Guerra de Nube Roja — Parte de Guerra de Nube Roja Fecha 1866 a 1868 … Wikipedia Español
Henry B. Carrington — Infobox Military Person name=Henry Beebee Carrington born= birth date|1824|3|2 died= death date and age|1912|10|26|1824|3|2 placeofburial=Fairview Cemetery, Hyde Park, Massachusetts caption=Henry B. Carrington placeofbirth=Wallingford,… … Wikipedia
Red Cloud's War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict = Red Cloud s War partof = caption = The Powder River Country, northeast of the Bighorn Mountains and south of the Yellowstone River, is shown in red in the western United States date = 1866 to 1868 place =… … Wikipedia
Red Cloud — For other uses, see Red Cloud (disambiguation). Red Cloud Born Maȟpíya Lúta 1822 near North Platte, Nebraska Died December 10, 1909 P … Wikipedia
Феттерман, Уильям — Надгробная плита Уильяма Феттермана на Национальном военном кладбище. Уильям Джадд Феттерман (англ. William Judd Fette … Википедия
Two Kettles — Ehemaliges Stammesgebiet der Two Kettles, benachbarter Stämme und heutige Reservationen Die Two Kettles sind ein nordamerikanischer Indianerstamm und gehören zu den Lakota aus der Sioux Sprachfamilie. Der Name Two Kettles (Zwei Kessel) ist eine… … Deutsch Wikipedia