- Bukit Timah Nature Reserve
The Bukit Timah Nature Reserve (Chinese: 武吉知马自然保护区) is a small 1.64 square kilometre (410 acre)
nature reservenear the geographic centre of the city-stateof Singapore, located on the slopes of Bukit Timah Hill and parts of the surrounding area. The nature reserve is about 12 kilometres from the Downtown Core, Singapore's central business district.
Despite its small size, it is considered one of the most productive pieces of nature, particularly by
Alfred Russel Wallace. Together with the neighbouring Central Catchment Nature Reserve, it houses over 840 speciesof flowering plantsand over 500 species of fauna. Today, it is one of the largest patches of primary rainforestleft in Singapore.
The name "
Bukit Timah" is borrowed from the tallest hill found in the area of the same name, which is also the tallest geographical location in all of Singapore. "Bukit" means hill in the Malay language, while "Timah" means tin, although tin deposits are not found in the area. The hill served as a granitequarry for many years, but since the mid-1900s, all operations of which has since been abandoned and converted into recreational areas and even filminglocations....
Nathaniel Cantley, then Superintendent of the Singapore Botanic Gardens, was commissioned by the Government of the Straits Settlementsto prepare a report on the forests of the settlements. On Cantley's recommendation, several forest reserves were created on Singapore island over the next few years. Bukit Timah was one of the first forest reserves established in 1883.
All the reserves were worked for
timberwith the exception of Bukit Timah Reserve. By 1937, the forest reserves were deleted under economicpressures for development. However, three areas, including the Bukit Timah Reserve, were retained for the protection of floraand faunaunder the management of the Singapore Botanic Gardens.
In 1951, further protection of the reserves were provided by the enactment of a Nature Reserves Ordinance and the establishment of a Nature Reserves Board for the administration of the reserves, now designated as nature reserves, which total some 28 square kilometres in area.
Today, the nature reserves are set aside for the propagation, protection and preservation of the indigenous flora and fauna of Singapore under the National Parks Act and are managed by the
National Parks Board.
The primary activities at Bukit Timah are strolling, running and hiking. There are also smaller groups of people who rock-climb and
abseilat the Dairy Farm quarry as well as mountain biking. There are specially-allocated mountain-bike trails. The Reserve is popular among athletes training for mountain-climbing.
Naturalists also treasure Bukit Timah for its variety of plants and animals. Some of the common plants there are the
rattan, figs, and macaranga. Common animals include millipedes, carpenter bees, and many different types of birds and insects.
Bukit Timah Hill
Bukit Timah Monkey Man
* [http://www.nparks.gov.sg/cms/index.php?option=com_visitorsguide&task=naturereserves&id=46&Itemid=75 National Parks Board - Bukit Timah Nature Reserve]
* [http://infopedia.nlb.gov.sg/details/SIP_55_2004-12-20.html Infopedia, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve] (National Library Board)
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