- Ernesto Sabato
name = Ernesto Sabato
image_size = 300px
birth_date = birth date and age|1911|6|24
birth_place = Rojas,
Buenos Aires Province, Argentina
occupation = Writer
Ernesto Sabato (born
June 24, 1911) is an Argentine writer of Italian and Arbëreshë(Italian Albanian) descent. He was born in Rojas, a tiny town in the Province of Buenos Aires. Sabato began his studies at the Colegio Nacional de La Plata. He then read physicsat the Universidad Nacional de La Plata, where he earned a Ph.D. He then attended the Sorbonnein Parisand worked at the Curie Institute. After World War II, he lost faith in science and started writing.
He published his first novel "El Túnel" (translated as "The Outsider" or "The Tunnel"). Written in 1948, this novel is told as the confession of the painter Juan Pablo Castel, who has murdered the only woman capable of understanding him. Throughout the novel Castel questions his actions and those of others. As narrator, Castel offers a detailed expose on why he killed his lover, María Iribarne. Authors such as
Albert Camusand Graham Greeneparticularly lauded Sabato's novels.
By request of president
Raúl Alfonsín, he presided over the CONADEP commission that investigated the fate of the desaparecidosduring the Dirty Warof the 1970s. The result of these findings, published under the title "Nunca Más" (Never Again) was released in 1984.
Ernesto Sabato was born on
June 24, 1911in Rojas, Buenos Aires Province. He was the tenth son of Francisco Sabato and Juana María Ferrari, of a total of eleven. Being born after his ninth brother's death, he carried on his name "Ernesto". Antes del fin, Ernesto Sabato; Capítulo I, ISBN 978-84-322-0766-2]
In 1924 he finished primary school in Rojas and settled in the city of
La Platafor his secondary education at the Colegio Nacional de La Plata. There he met professor Pedro Henríquez Ureña, an early inspiration for his writing career. [http://www.lanacion.com.ar/herramientas/printfriendly/printfriendly.asp?nota_id=804987 Diario La Nación: Evocan a Pedro Henríquez Ureña, gran humanista dominicano] ] In 1929 he started college, attending the School of Physics and Mathematics at the Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
He was an active member in the "
Reforma Universitaria" movemment, [http://www.clarin.com/diario/1998/01/11/e-05801d.htm Diario Clarín: "Festejos por el aniversario de la Reforma Universitaria"] ] founding "Insurrexit Group" in 1933 - of communistideals - together with Héctor P. Agosti, Ángel Hurtado de Mendozaand Paulino González Alberdi, among others. [http://www.gramsci.org.ar/12/Agosti/nestor_kohan.htm El joven discípulo de Ponce] ]
In 1933 he was elected Secretario General of the "
Federación Juvenil Comunista" (Communist Youth Federation). [http://www.autoresdeargentina.com/contenidos/biografias/sabato.aspx Biografía de Ernesto Sabato en Autores de Argentina.] ] While attending a lecture about marxismhe met Matilde Kusminsky Richter, aged 17, who would leave her parents house to live with Ernesto. [http://www.sabato90.com.ar/Matilde.htm Homenaje de Matilde a Sabato.] ]
In 1934 he started to doubt communism and
Stalin's regime. The Communist Party of Argentina, which had noted this, sent him to the International Lenin Schoolfor two years. According to Sabato "it was a place where either you recovered or ended up in a gulagor psychiatric hospital". [http://www.sabato90.com.ar/cronologia.htm Cronología de Ernesto Sabato.] ] Before arriving at Moscow, he traveled to Brusselsas a delegate from the Communist Party of Argentina at the "Congress against Fascism and the War". Once there, fearing not coming back from Moscow, he left the congress to escape to Paris. It was there where he wrote his first novel: "La Fuente Muda", which remains unpublished. Once back in Buenos Aires, in 1936, he married Matilde Kusminsky Richter.
His years as a scientist
In 1938 he obtained his
Ph.D.in Physicsfrom the Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Thanks to Bernardo Houssay, he was granted a research fellowship in atomic radiationat the Curie Institute in Paris. On May 25, 1938Jorge Federico Sabato, his first son, was born. While in France he made contact with the surrealist movement, studying the works of Oscar Domínguez, Benjamin Péret, Roberto Matta Echaurrenand Esteban Francésamong others. This would have a deep influence on his future writing. [http://www.minotauroweb.com.ar/sabato.php Sabato y el Surrealismo por Daniel Vargas.] ]
In 1939 he transferred to the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, thus sparing himself from World War Two. Once in 1940 he came back to Argentina intent on leaving physics behind. However, serving an obligation to those responsible for his fellowship Sabato started teaching at the Universidad de La Platafor Engineeringadmission, and relativityand quantum mechanics for post graduate degrees. In 1943, due to an "existencial crisis", he left science for good to become a full-time writer and painter.
In 1945, his second son,
Mario Sabatowas born.
In 1941 Sabato published his first literary work, an article about "La Invención de Morel" by
Adolfo Bioy Casares, in Teseo magazine from La Plata. Also, in concert with Pedro Henríquez Ureña, he published a collaboration in "Sur" magazine.
In 1942, working for "Sur" magazine reviewing books, he was put in charge of the "Calendario" section and participated in "Desagravio a
Borges" in "Sur" nº 94. He also published articles for " La Nación", and his translation of " The Birth and Death of the Sun" by George Gamowis published. The next year he published the translation for "The ABC of Relativity" by Bertrand Russell.
In 1945 his first book "
Uno y el Universo" --a series of essays criticizing the apparent moral neutrality of science and warning about dehumanization processes in technological societies-- is published; with time he would turn towards a libertarianand humaniststanding. That same year he was awarded a prize by the municipality of Buenos Airesfor his book and the honor wand of the Sociedad Argentina de Escritores.
In 1948 after being rejected by several Buenos Aires' editors Sabato published "
El Túnel" in "Sur" magazine, a psychological novel narrated in first-person. Framed in existentialismhis first novel was met by enthusiastic reviews by Albert Camus, who had the book translated by Gallimardinto French. It has been further translated to more than 10 languages. [http://www.soloargentina.com/sobreargentina/biografias/ernestosabato/ Biografía de Ernesto Sabato en Solo Argentina.] ]
El Túnel". 1948 (translated by Harriet de Onis in 1950 as "The Outsider" and, in a much better version, by Margaret Sayers Peden in 1988 as "The Tunnel")
* "Sobre Héroes y Tumbas". 1961 (translated by Helen R. Lane in 1981 as "
On Heroes and Tombs".)
Abaddón el Exterminador". 1974 (translated by Andrew Hurley in 1991 as "The angel of darkness".)
Uno y el Universo".
Hombres y Engranajes", 1951
* "El caso Sabato. Torturas y libertad de prensa. Carta Abierta al General Aramburu".
El otro rostro del peronismo". 1956 (Carta Abierta a Mario Amadeo)
El escritor y sus fantasmas".
* "El Tango, discusión y clave".
* "Romance de la muerte de
Juan Lavalle. Cantar de Gesta".
Pedro Henríquez Ureña"
* "Eduardo Falú" "(with León Benarós)".
* "Diálogos" "(with
Jorge Luis Borges, edited by Orlando Barone)".
* "Apologías y Rechazos".
* "Los libros y su misión en la liberación e integración de la América Latina".
* "Entre la letra y la sangre. Conversaciones con Carlos Catania".
Antes del fin, 1998 Memorias".
La Resistencia", 2000
* some of Sabato's essays appeared in English in a 1990 translation by Asa Zatz titled "The Writer in the Catastrophe of our Time"
Nunca más", CONADEP, 1984
*Currents in the contemporary Argentine novel : Arlt, Mallea, Sabato, and Cortázar / David William Foster., 1975
*Ernesto Sabato / Harley D Oberhelman., 1970
*Ernesto Sabato : essayist and novelist / John Fred Petersen., 1963
*Archetypal patterns in Ernesto Sabato's Sobre héroes y tumbas / David Conde., 1981
*Ernesto Sabato : theory and practice of the novel, 1945-1973 / Nancy Elaine Price Munn., 1975
*Ernesto Sabato as a literary critic / Nathan Travis Francis., 1973
*A critical study of the novels of Ernesto Sabato / James R Predmore., 1977
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Look at other dictionaries:
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