John Davy (chemist)


John Davy (chemist)

Infobox Scientist
name = John Davy
box_width =



image_size = 150px
caption = John Davy
birth_date = 24 May 1790
birth_place = Penzance, Cornwall
death_date = 24 Jan 1868
death_place = Ambleside
residence =
citizenship =
nationality = United Kingdom
ethnicity = Cornish
field = Chemistry
work_institutions =
alma_mater =
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for = Phosgene
author_abbrev_bot =
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
influenced =
prizes =
religion =
footnotes =

John Davy FRS (1790-1868) was a British doctor, amateur chemist, and brother of the noted chemist Sir Humphry Davy, and cousin of Edmund Davy.

John Davy was born in Penzance, Cornwall. He assisted his older brother Humphry at the Royal Institution of Great Britain for two years before heading to Edinburgh University, where he earned his degree in medicine in 1814. Davy is perhaps most noted for his discovery of phosgene in 1812, a compound he also named. [cite journal | title = On a Gaseous Compound of Carbonic Oxide and Chlorine | author = John Davy | journal = Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London | volume = 102 | year = 1812 | pages = 144–151 | url = http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0261-0523%281812%29102%3C144%3AOAGCOC%3E2.0.CO%3B2-1 | doi = 10.1098/rstl.1812.0008 ] He also discovered silicon tetrafluoride.

Upon graduation, Davy joined the British Army Medical Department and became Inspector General of Hospitals. He used his position to travel to a great number of the English colonies, including India, Ceylon, and Barbados.

In 1834 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. From 1836 to 1840 he produced nine volumes on the collected works of his brother. After a brief time spent living in the West Indies, Davy returned to England, where he died in 1868.

In 1863 he discovered that eggshells have about 8,000 pores that are large enough for oxygen to flow in and carbon dioxide to flow out by pumping pressurized air into an underwater egg and watching thousands of tiny bubbles appear on the surface of the shell.cite news |last=Mingo |first=Jack |coauthors=Erin Barrett |title=Just Curious, Jeeves |publisher=Emeryville, CA
ISBN 1-930108-01-X
]

Selected writings

*

*

*- published in nine volumes

*

References

External links

* [http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/jdavy.html Davy's account of his discovery of phosgene]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Davy — may refer to:* John Davy (chemist), British chemist and younger brother of Sir Humphy Davy * John Davy (cricketer), Irish cricketer * John M. Davy (1835–1909), U.S. Representative from New York * John Davy (Blessed), English arthusian monk… …   Wikipedia

  • Davy — may refer to: Davy, West Virginia Davy (crater), a crater on the moon Davy (novel), a post apocalyptic science fiction novel by Edgar Pangborn Davy (film), a 1957 British film produced by Basil Dearden Davy (album), a 2009 album by Coconut… …   Wikipedia

  • John Davies — may refer to: Contents 1 Politicians 2 Sportsmen 3 Other 4 …   Wikipedia

  • John Robertson — may refer to:Politicians:* John Robertson (Canadian politician) (1799 1876), Scottish born member of the Canadian Senate from 1867. * John Robertson (United States congressman) (1787 ndash;1873), member of the United States Congress in the 19th… …   Wikipedia

  • John Gladstone — may refer to: * Sir John Gladstone, 1st Baronet (1764 ndash;1851), British politician, father of British Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone * John Neilson Gladstone (1807 ndash;1863), British politician, brother of British Prime Minister W. E …   Wikipedia

  • Davy Medal — Robert Bunsen and Gustav Kirchhoff, the first recipients of the award. They were awarded the medal for their researches discoveries in spectrum analysis . The Davy Medal is awarded by the Royal Society of London for an out …   Wikipedia

  • Davy, Sir Humphry, Baronet — ▪ British chemist Introduction born Dec. 17, 1778, Penzance, Cornwall, Eng. died May 29, 1829, Geneva  English chemist who discovered several chemical elements (including sodium and potassium) and compounds, invented the miner s safety lamp, and… …   Universalium

  • John Dalton — For other people named John Dalton, see John Dalton (disambiguation). John Dalton …   Wikipedia

  • John Meurig Thomas — Sir John Meurig Thomas FRS (born December 15, 1932), is a leading British chemist and educator primarily known for his work on heterogeneous catalysis, solid state chemistry, and surface and materials science. He has authored over one thousand… …   Wikipedia

  • John Hall Gladstone — Dr. John Hall Gladstone FRS (7 March 1827 6 October 1902) was a British chemist. He was educated at University College, London, and the Giessen University in Germany. He became a chemical lecturer at St Thomas s Hospital in 1850 and was elected a …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.