Lebanon, New Hampshire


Lebanon, New Hampshire

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Lebanon, New Hampshire
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto =


image_

imagesize =
image_caption =





mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in Grafton County, New Hampshire


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = New Hampshire
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Grafton
government_type =
leader_title = City Manager
leader_name = Gregg Mandsager
leader_title1 = Mayor
leader_name1 = Karen Liot-Hill
leader_title2 = City Council
leader_name2 = Georgia A. Tuttle
Cliff Desrosiers
George Sykes III
Nicole S. Cormen
Bruce Bronner
Terri C. Dudley
Stephen Wood
Denise B. MacLeod
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1761
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_km2 = 107.1
area_total_sq_mi = 41.4
area_land_km2 = 104.5
area_land_sq_mi = 40.4
area_water_km2 = 2.6
area_water_sq_mi = 1.0
area_water_percent = 2.39
population_as_of = 2007
population_note =
population_total = 12,729
population_density_km2 = 121.8
population_density_sq_mi = 315.1
timezone = Eastern
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = Eastern
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 43 |latm = 38 |lats = 32 |latNS = N
longd = 72 |longm = 15 |longs = 06 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 177
elevation_ft = 581
website = [http://www.lebcity.com/ www.lebcity.com]
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 03756, 03766
area_code = 603
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 33-41300
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0867976
footnotes =

Lebanon (pronounced by natives as IPAEng|ˈlεbənɨn or IPA|/ˈlεbənən/) is a city in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 12,568 at the 2000 census. Lebanon is located in western New Hampshire, south of Hanover, near the Connecticut River. It is the home to Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center and Dartmouth Medical School, together comprising the largest medical facility between Boston, Massachusetts and Burlington, Vermont.

Together with Hanover and White River Junction, Lebanon today is center of a Micropolitan Statistical Area, encompassing nearly 30 towns along the upper Connecticut River valley.

History

Lebanon was chartered as a town by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth on July 4, 1761, one of sixteen along the Connecticut River. It was named for Lebanon, Connecticut, from which many early settlers had come, including the Reverend Eleazar Wheelock, founder of Dartmouth College. Lebanon was, in fact, the original home of the Indian Charity School, the antecedent of Dartmouth College.

Early settlement concentrated along the Connecticut River in what is now West Lebanon, and along the Mascoma Lake region near Enfield. In the mid-1800s, a mill district developed at falls on the Mascoma River. Industries included, at various times, furniture mills, a tannery, several machine shops, a woolen textile mill and a clothing factory. In the mid-1800s, this district attracted many French workers from Canada's Quebec province. This became the center of town, although West Lebanon grew into a railroad hub with a separate identity after lines entered from Boston. This rail center would become known as Westboro after two trains collided when West Lebanon was mistaken for Lebanon.

The mill district, like the railroad, declined into the 1950s and 1960s. The town suffered two major fires; the second, in 1964, destroyed a large portion of the old mill district. Reconstruction resulted in a controversial urban renewal project featuring a closed-off district, called The Mall, built to replace the destroyed Hanover Street area. Partly in defiance of economic decline, and partly to counter a movement by West Lebanon to declare itself an independent town, Lebanon re-incorporated as a city in 1958.

The routing of Interstates 89 and 91 through Lebanon and nearby White River Junction, Vermont, in addition to the growth of Dartmouth College, led to the area's economic revival. The former mill town now has a mixed economy based on education, medical services, high-technology and retail. Just south of the village of West Lebanon, a major shopping district has sprung up at the intersection of Route 12A and I-89. Lebanon has undertaken improvements to its recreational facilities, including miles of hiking trails, a municipal ski area, a swimming pool and several sports fields.

In 1991, the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, along with most departments of Dartmouth Medical School, moved from Hanover to a new campus just south of the Lebanon-Hanover town line. A number of medical and high-tech firms have located facilities near the medical center campus. Tele Atlas, a leading worldwide developer of mapping databases, has its North American headquarters in Lebanon. Novell and Microsoft also have major facilities here, as does Merck, a result of their purchasing the Lebanon-based biotechnology company Glycofi.

Notable residents

* Aaron Baddeley, PGA Tour golfer
* Experience Estabrook, American lawyer and politician
* Phineas Quimby, philosopher
* Ammi B. Young, architect

Geography

Lebanon is located at coor dms|43|38|38|N|72|15|19|W|city (43.643897, -72.255242).GR|1

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of convert|41.4|sqmi|km2, of which convert|40.4|sqmi|km2|abbr=on is land and convert|1.0|sqmi|km2|abbr=on is water, comprising 2.39% of the city. Lebanon is drained by the Mascoma River and is fully within the Connecticut River watershed.cite book |title=Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers |url=http://nh.water.usgs.gov/Publications/nh.intro.html |last=Foster |first=Debra H. |coauthors=Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; and Medalie, Laura |publisher=U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey |year=1995] The southern end of Moose Mountain is in the northeast. The highest point in Lebanon is the northern end of Shaker Mountain, at convert|1657|ft|m above sea level, on the eastern border of the city.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 12,568 people, 5,500 households, and 3,178 families residing in the city. The population density was 311.4 people per square mile (120.2/km²). There were 5,707 housing units at an average density of 141.4/sq mi (54.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.38% White, 0.83% African American, 0.43% Native American, 2.67% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 1.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.64% of the population.

There were 5,500 households out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.2% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,185, and the median income for a family was $52,133. Males had a median income of $32,693 versus $27,086 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,133. About 6.3% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.8% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

References

External links

* [http://www.lebcity.com/ City of Lebanon]
* [http://www.crjc.org/heritage/N10-19.htm Colburn Park Historic District]
* [http://www.lebanonnhhistory.org/ Lebanon Historical Society]
* [http://www.lebanonoperahouse.org/ Lebanon Opera House]
* [http://www.library.lebcity.com/ Lebanon Public Library]
* [http://www.nh.gov/nhes/elmi/htmlprofiles/lebanon.html New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile]
* [http://www.sau88.net Lebanon School District]


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