- American Railway Engineering and Maintenance-of-Way Association
The American Railway Engineering and Maintenance-of-Way Association (AREMA) is a North American railway industry group. It publishes recommended practices for the design, construction and maintenance of railway infrastructure, which are requirements in the
United Statesand Canada.
AREMA is headquartered in
Lanham, Maryland, a suburb of Washington, DC. Its Mission Statement is "The development and advancement of both technical and practical knowledge and recommended practices pertaining to the design, construction and maintenance of railway infrastructure." Charles H. Emely has been the Executive Director and CEO of AREMA since November 1998. Larry L. Etherton is the AREMA President and Chairman of the Board of Governors for 2007-2008.cite web
title = AREMA web site
accessdate = 2007-12-15 ]
AREMA was created
October 1, 1997by the merger of four industry-related groups:
*the American Railway Bridge and Building Association
*the American Railway Engineering Association
*the Roadmasters and Maintenance of Way Association, and
*the Communications and Signal Division of the
Association of American Railroads
Each of these organizations brings over 100 years of service to the rail industry to AREMA.
American Railway Bridge and Building Association
Formed in 1891 in
St. Louis, Missourias the American International Association of Railway Superintendents of Bridges and Buildings, the Association initially represented 40 railroads. The name was changed in 1907 to the American Railway Bridge and Building Association. The group provided a forum to exchange information and to mind solutions to problems that confront the railway industry.
American Railway Engineering Association
The American Railway Engineering and Maintenance of Way Association was formed in
Buffalo, New Yorkin 1899 to organize a forum for the development and study of recommended practices for the newly-integrated standard-gauge North American railway network. Later, the name was shortened to the American Railway Engineering Association (AREA). Five of its technical committees (ties, rail, track, buildings, yards and terminals) have remained intact from 1899 and continue under AREMA functional groups. The first "Manual of Recommended Practices" was issued in 1905 and its name was changed to the "Manual of Railway Engineering" in 1970.
Roadmasters and Maintenance of Way Association
The oldest of the groups was organized in 1883 by 61 roadmasters representing 24 railroads. The Association provided a means through which maintenance officers would have an opportunity to meet and discuss their mutual problems. Rail joints, switches, frogs and ties were among the subjects studied, leading to the standardization of maintenance practices.
Communications and Signal Division of the Association of American Railroads
In 1885, the Association of Telegraph and Telephone Superintendents was formed by the telegraph superintendents of the major railroads. In 1895, the Railway Signaling Club was organized at a meeting in
Chicago, Illinoisand created a code of rules governing the operation of interlockings. In 1919, the Signaling Club became the Signal Division of the newly created American Railway Association (ARA) and the Telegraph Superintendents became its Telegraph and Telephone Section. The ARA became the Association of American Railroads(AAR) in 1934; the Signal Division was renamed the Signal Section and the Telegraph and Telephone was renamed the Communications Section. The two sections merged in 1961 to become the Communications and Signal Division of the AAR, which has now been merged into AREMA.
AREMA has 28 technical committees, organized in six functional groups. The committees, whose members come from the railroad industry, meet on a regular basis and use their expertise to come up with the best methods to maintain a railroad.
**Building & Support Facilities
**Concrete Structures & Foundations
**Seismic Design for Railway Structures
**Structures, Maintenance & Construction
*Passenger & Transit
**Commuter & Intercity Rail Systems
**High Speed Rail Systems
**Electric Energy Utilization
**Roadway & Ballast
**Maintenance of Way Work Equipment
**Track Measuring Systems
**Yards & Terminals
**Economics of Railway Engineering & Operations
**Light Density & Short Line Railways
**Education & Training
*Communications & Signals
**Highway-Rail Grade Crossing Warning Systems
**Information, Defect Detection & Energy Systems
**Engineering Safety Steering Team
**Track Maintenance Steering Team
Manual of Railway Engineering
The AREMA "Manual for Railway Engineering" contains principles, data, specifications, plans and economics pertaining to the engineering, design and construction of the fixed plant of railways (except signals and communications), and allied services and facilities. [ [http://www.rw.doe.gov/transport/draft_eis/ref/162040.pdf Technical Information Center Reference Library Catalog] ]
20 chapters are contained in four volumes, updated annually by the technical committees.
Consultants use the Manual's recommendations as a basis for design. Many railroads use the Manual as a basis for their track standards and may add to it to describe their specific needs.cite web
last = Keller
first = Richard
title = Railway Track and Structures, What is the value of AREMA? (October 2002)
accessdate = 2007-12-15 ]
Communications & Signals Manual of Recommended Practices
The AREMA "Communications & Signals Manual of Recommended Practices" contains recommended practices for railway communications and signaling. 22 sections are contained in five volumes, written and updated by the AREMA committees. [ [http://www.arema.org/eseries/scriptcontent/custom/e_arema/pubs/CS_Manual.html AREMA Communications & Signals Manual of Recommended Practices - Table of Contents] ]These practices are required for railroads in the
#Administrative & General
#Railroad Signal Systems
#Highway-Rail Grade Crossing Warning Systems
#Defect Detection Systems
#Electrical Devices, Foundations, Hardware Materials
#Vital Circuit & Software Design
Radio United Statesby the Federal Railroad Administrationand in Canadaby Transport Canada.
* [http://www.arema.org/ AREMA website]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
National Railroad Construction and Maintenance Association — Abbreviation NRC Formation 1978 Type Trade Association Le … Wikipedia
Engineering ethics — is the field of applied ethics which examines and sets standards for engineers obligations to the public, their clients, employers and the profession. This article addresses the subject for both professional engineers and other… … Wikipedia
Railway systems engineering — is a multi faceted engineering discipline dealing with the design, construction and operation of all types of railway systems.It encompasses a wide range of engineering disciplines, including Civil engineering, Computer engineering, Electrical… … Wikipedia
Railway slide fence — Part of a railway signaling system, a slide fence is a fence whose purpose is to prevent trains from being derailed by rock slides in mountainous areas where rock slides may occur without warning. The fence is designed to be displaced by a rock… … Wikipedia
Business and Industry Review — ▪ 1999 Introduction Overview Annual Average Rates of Growth of Manufacturing Output, 1980 97, Table Pattern of Output, 1994 97, Table Index Numbers of Production, Employment, and Productivity in Manufacturing Industries, Table (For Annual… … Universalium
Architecture and Civil Engineering — ▪ 2009 Introduction Architecture For Notable Civil Engineering Projects in work or completed in 2008, see Table (Notable Civil Engineering Projects (in work or completed, 2008)). Beijing was the centre of the world of architecture… … Universalium
HISTORICAL SURVEY: THE STATE AND ITS ANTECEDENTS (1880–2006) — Introduction It took the new Jewish nation about 70 years to emerge as the State of Israel. The immediate stimulus that initiated the modern return to Zion was the disappointment, in the last quarter of the 19th century, of the expectation that… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
List of words having different meanings in British and American English: A–L — Differences between American and British English American English … Wikipedia
Technological and industrial history of Canada — The technological and industrial history of Canada encompasses the country s development in the areas of transportation, communication, energy, materials, public works, public services (health care), domestic/consumer and defense technologies.… … Wikipedia
Mid-Norfolk Railway — Steam hauled train on Danemoor Bank, 2011 Locale England Terminus Dereham Connections Breckland Line: near Wymondham … Wikipedia