Dixville, New Hampshire

Dixville, New Hampshire

Coordinates: 44°55′00″N 71°16′58″W / 44.9166667°N 71.28278°W / 44.9166667; -71.28278

Dixville Notch from Profile Cliff in 1913

Dixville (also known as Little Switzerland) is a township in Coos County, New Hampshire, United States. In New Hampshire, locations, grants, townships (which are different from towns), and purchases are unincorporated portions of a county which are not part of any town and have limited self-government (if any, as many are uninhabited).

The population was 12 at the 2010 census.[1] Dixville is the location of The Balsams Grand Resort Hotel. It is part of the Berlin, NH–VT micropolitan statistical area.



Dixville was granted by the legislature to Timothy Dix, Jr., in 1805 and contained about 29,340 acres (118.7 km2); the price was $4,500. It was organized for voting purposes in 1960, and the village of Dixville Notch is commonly known as the first place to cast votes in U.S. elections. The original grant included the eastern portion (north of Wentworth's Location) now known separately as Dix's Grant.[2]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 49.0 square miles (126.9 km2), of which 48.8 square miles (126.4 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km2), or 0.36%, is water.[3] The elevation of Dixville Notch is 1,887 feet (575 m) above sea level, in Dixville Notch State Park. (The term "notch" is the local equivalent of "pass" or "gap", and refers to a low place between mountains or mountain ranges.) Nearby Dixville Peak is the highest point in the township at 3,482 feet (1,061 m).

The township is served by New Hampshire Route 26.


As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 75 people, 10 households, and 10 families residing in the township. The population density was 1.5 people per square mile (0.6/km²). There were 36 housing units at an average density of 0.7 per square mile (0.3/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 98.67% White, with there being only one person of any other race, a Hispanic.

There were 10 households, all composed of married couples living together, and 40.0% of which had children under the age of 18 living with them. No households were made up of individuals. The average household and family size was 2.80.

In the township the population was spread out with 9.3% under the age of 18, 1.3% from 18 to 24, 16.0% from 25 to 44, 8.0% from 45 to 64, and 65.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 76 years. For every 100 females there were 74.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 61.9 males.


  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  2. ^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 466–467. http://books.google.com/books?id=OcoMAAAAYAAJ&lpg=PA9&dq=coolidge%20mansfield%20history%20description%20new%20england%201859&pg=PA466#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001) - Dixville township, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau American Factfinder. http://factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved November 9, 2011. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

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