Walpole, New Hampshire


Walpole, New Hampshire

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Walpole, New Hampshire
nickname =
motto =


image_

imagesize =
image_caption =





mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in Cheshire County, New Hampshire
settlement_type = Town


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = New Hampshire
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Cheshire
government_type =
leader_title = Board of Selectmen
leader_name = Charles D. Miller
Sheldon S. Sawyer
Whitney R. Aldrich
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1756
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_km2 = 94.9
area_total_sq_mi = 36.6
area_land_km2 = 92.1
area_land_sq_mi = 35.6
area_water_km2 = 2.8
area_water_sq_mi = 1.1
area_water_percent = 2.95
population_as_of = as of 2000
population_note =
population_total = 3594
population_density_km2 = 39.0
population_density_sq_mi = 101.0
timezone = Eastern
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = Eastern
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 43 |latm = 04 |lats = 46 |latNS = N
longd = 72 |longm = 25 |longs = 33 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 122
elevation_ft = 400
website = [http://www.walpolenh.us/ www.walpolenh.us]
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 03608
area_code = 603
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 33-78420
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0873744
footnotes =

Walpole is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 3,594 at the 2000 census. Walpole includes the villages of North Walpole and Drewsville.

History

The town was first granted in 1736 by Colonial Governor Jonathan Belcher of Massachusetts as "Number 3", third in a line of Connecticut River fort towns. It would be settled as early as 1736, and called "Great Falls" or "Lunenburg". Colonel Benjamin Bellows, for whom Bellows Falls, Vermont is named, built a large fort here for defense against Indian attack. After New Hampshire became a separate province, the town was regranted by Governor Benning Wentworth as "Bellowstown", after its founder. It would be incorporated in 1756. The grant was renewed in 1761, when the town was renamed "Walpole", in honor of Sir Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford, and the first Prime Minister of Great Britain.

The first bridge across the Connecticut River, an engineering feat in its day, was built at Walpole in 1785, and is regarded as one of the most famous early spans in the United States. The town contains many architecturally significant old houses, including several associated with Colonel Bellows and members of his family. Walpole Academy, built in 1831 and attributed to master-builder Aaron Prentiss Howland, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The abundant lilacs in the town inspired Louisa May Alcott to write the 1878 book "Under the Lilacs".

Notable inhabitants

* Louisa May Alcott, writer (summer resident)
* Ken Burns, documentary film-maker
* Howard Petrie, film and television actor
* Barbara Tarantino, artist
* Roger Vose, a United States Representative from New Hampshire
* Horace Wells, pioneered the use of anaesthesia in dentistry, specifically nitrous oxide (also known as laughing gas)

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of convert|36.6|sqmi|km2|lk=on, of which convert|35.6|sqmi|km2|abbr=on is land and convert|1.1|sqmi|km2|abbr=on is water, comprising 2.95% of the town. The northern part of Walpole is drained by the Cold River. The highest point in town is the summit of Derry Hill, at convert|1663|ft|m|lk=on above sea level.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 3,594 people, 1,490 households, and 1,016 families residing in the town. The population density was 101.0 people per square mile (39.0/km²). There were 1,592 housing units at an average density of 44.8/sq mi (17.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.30% White, 0.14% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.08% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.47% of the population.

There were 1,490 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $44,673, and the median income for a family was $53,561. Males had a median income of $37,193 versus $24,323 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,295. About 3.9% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.4% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over.

Sites of interest

* Walpole Academy Museum, the Walpole Historical Society

References

External links

* [http://www.walpolenh.us Town website]
* [http://www.keenenh.com/walpole/library.asp Walpole Town Library]
* [http://www.nh.gov/nhes/elmi/htmlprofiles/walpole.html New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile]


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