Troy, New Hampshire

Troy, New Hampshire

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Troy, New Hampshire
nickname =
motto =


imagesize =
image_caption =

mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in Cheshire County, New Hampshire
settlement_type = Town

mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = New Hampshire
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Cheshire
government_type =
leader_title = Board of Selectmen
leader_name =
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1815
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_km2 = 45.5
area_total_sq_mi = 17.6
area_land_km2 = 45.1
area_land_sq_mi = 17.4
area_water_km2 = 0.4
area_water_sq_mi = 0.2
area_water_percent = 0.91
population_as_of = 2000
population_note =
population_total = 1962
population_density_km2 = 43.5
population_density_sq_mi = 112.6
timezone = Eastern
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = Eastern
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 42 |latm = 49 |lats = 30 |latNS = N
longd = 72 |longm = 11 |longs = 01 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 308
elevation_ft = 1010
website = []
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 03465
area_code = 603
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 33-77380
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0873740
footnotes =

Troy is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,962 at the 2000 census. Troy is situated at the base of Mount Monadnock.


Settled in 1762, by 1815 the community had grown so much that it sought its own incorporation. It was set off from Marlborough that year, and included parts of Fitzwilliam, Swanzey and Richmond. A prominent citizen and friend of Governor John Taylor Gilman, Captain Benjamin Mann of Mason, suggested the name "Troy." His daughter, Betsy, was married to Samuel Wilson, famous as "Uncle Sam", and at that time a resident of Troy, New York. At least seven members of Wilson's family were living in the town at the time, thus securing the name. The town hall, built in 1813-1814 near the rail-fenced common, was originally the village meetinghouse.

Troy Mills, which started making horse blankets in the mid-1800s, served as the backbone of the town's economy for nearly 100 years. In 1865, the company was sold by founder Thomas Goodall, who in 1867 would establish Goodall Mills in Sanford, Maine. Troy Mills declared bankruptcy in late 2001, and ceased operations in 2002. The giant mill complex on Monadnock Street now houses two smaller spin-offs of Troy Mills -- Knowlton Nonwovens and Cosmopolitan Textiles. Wooden-ware, pottery and fine building stone were also once the products of Troy industries. As of 2008, Troy Mills was being renovated to become an "active adult retirement community". [cite web|url=|title="The Residences at Troy Blanket Mills"|publisher=Troy Mills Developers|accessdate=2008-02-23]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of convert|17.6|sqmi|km2|lk=on|1, of which convert|17.4|sqmi|km2|abbr=on|1 is land and convert|0.2|sqmi|km2|abbr=on|1 is water, comprising 0.91% of the town. Troy is drained by the South Branch of the Ashuelot River. The highest point in town is the summit of Gap Mountain, at convert|1900|ft|m|lk=on above sea level, near the eastern border.


As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 1,962 people, 733 households, and 527 families residing in the town. The population density was 112.6 people per square mile (43.5/km²). There were 775 housing units at an average density of 44.5/sq mi (17.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.62% White, 0.05% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.38% of the population. 18.7% were of American, 13.4% French, 11.8% English, 10.6% Irish, 8.4% French Canadian, 8.2% Finnish and 7.0% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 733 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 19.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the town the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $41,875, and the median income for a family was $47,500. Males had a median income of $28,816 versus $23,980 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,323. About 3.8% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.


Residents of Troy attending public high school go to Monadnock Regional High School.


External links

* [ Town website]
* [ Gay-Kimball Library]
* [ New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile]

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