Richmond, New Hampshire

Richmond, New Hampshire

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Richmond, New Hampshire
nickname =
motto =


imagesize =
image_caption =

mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in Cheshire County, New Hampshire
settlement_type = Town

mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = New Hampshire
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Cheshire
government_type =
leader_title = Board of Selectmen
leader_name = JC Boudreau
Stan Pogorzelski
Sean McElhiney
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1752
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_km2 = 97.8
area_total_sq_mi = 37.8
area_land_km2 = 97.3
area_land_sq_mi = 37.6
area_water_km2 = 0.5
area_water_sq_mi = 0.2
area_water_percent = 0.53
population_as_of = 2000
population_note =
population_total = 1077
population_density_km2 = 11.1
population_density_sq_mi = 28.7
timezone = Eastern
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = Eastern
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 42 |latm = 45 |lats = 17 |latNS = N
longd = 72 |longm = 16 |longs = 18 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 324
elevation_ft = 1063
website = []
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 03470
area_code = 603
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 33-64420
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0873706
footnotes =

Richmond is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,077 at the 2000 census.


The town was first chartered in 1735 by Colonial Governor Jonathan Belcher of Massachusetts. Granted to soldiers returning from the war in Canada, it was named "Sylvester-Canada" in honor of Captain Joseph Sylvester of Scituate, Massachusetts, who was killed in 1690 during an attempt to capture Quebec. After New Hampshire became a separate colony, the town would be incorporated in 1752 as "Richmond" by Governor Benning Wentworth. He named it after his friend, Charles Lennox, Duke of Richmond, a staunch advocate of colonial independence.

Hosea Ballou was born in Richmond. He was a leading 19th century champion of religious liberalism, and is considered the father of Universalism in the United States. Eliza Ballou Garfield, mother of the 20th president, James A. Garfield, was born here.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of convert|37.8|sqmi|km2, of which convert|37.6|sqmi|km2|abbr=on is land and convert|0.2|sqmi|km2|abbr=on is water, comprising 0.53% of the town. Little Monadnock Mountain, elevation convert|1883|ft|m above sea level, is within a mile of the eastern boundary, in the town of Fitzwilliam. The highest point in Richmond is one mile northwest of Little Monadnock, on an unnamed hill whose elevation is convert|1624|ft|m above sea level. The Franconia Mountain Range (not to be confused with the much higher ridge in the White Mountains to the north) is a convert|1300|ft|m|adj=on high chain of hills in the western part of town.


As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 1,077 people, 379 households, and 285 families residing in the town. The population density was 28.7 people per square mile (11.1/km²). There were 432 housing units at an average density of 11.5/sq mi (4.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.68% White, 0.37% African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.19% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.56% of the population.

There were 379 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.5% were married couples living together, 4.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were non-families. 19.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the town the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 105.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $49,141, and the median income for a family was $54,625. Males had a median income of $37,083 versus $27,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,174. About 4.6% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.


External links

* [ Town website]
* [ Richmond Public Library]
* [ New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile]

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