Yang (surname)


Yang (surname)

Yang is the transcription of the Chinese family name / . It is the sixth most common surname in Mainland China.[citation needed]

Contents

Characters

Yang is most often the transliteration of the character (in simplified Chinese: 杨). The same character can also mean a type of poplar. The character is composed of a "wood" radical on the left and the character yang () on the right, which indicates the pronunciation of the whole character.

Yang can also be the phonetic translation of other Chinese surnames, including 阳, the Chinese character for the Sun, and a very rare Chinese family name 羊, the Chinese character for Goat or Sheep.

Origins

Four origins are recorded for the surname Yang (楊):

  1. Out of the Ji (姬) surname, the surname of the royal family during the Zhou dynasty. A fifth generation descendant of Duke Wu of Jin was enfeoffed at a place called Yang, and his descendants adopted this as their surname, giving rise to the surname Yang.
  2. Translation of surnames used by other ethnic groups in ancient China. For example, the Di people used the surname Yang. The Yang clan of the Di people lived in Chouchi in Gansu.
  3. Homogenisation of another surname pronounced Yang (揚), written with a "hand" radical rather than the "wood" radical. The two characters were used interchangeably in ancient times.
  4. Other adoptions. For example, the Mohulu clan of the Northern Wei dynasty changed their surname to "Yang".

The "Four Knows"

A tablet for "Hall of Four Knows"

Some branches of the Yang clan (in particular the Hongnong branch) refer to themselves as "Yang of the Hall of Four Knows". The "Hall of Four Knows" refers to a story concerning Yang Zhen, an official of the Eastern Han Dynasty (206 BC - 220 AD), known for his erudition as well as moral character. When a man named Wang Mi visited Yang Zhen at night and attempted to bribe him 10 catties of gold, Yang rejected the gift. Wang Mi persevered, saying that nobody would know. Yang Zhen famously retorted "the Heaven knows, the Earth knows, I know and you know". Descendents of Yang Zhen adopted the "four knows", or "Si Zhi" as the title of their clan hall. Some Yang family clan halls in various parts of China still carry this name.

Other variations of the Yang surname (e.g. alternative regional pronunciations)

  • Yahng
  • Yeo (Hokkien, Singapore)
  • Eyu (Hokkien/Cantonese, notably Fujian or Hong Kong) (very rare)
  • Yeung (Cantonese, notably Hong Kong)
  • Yeung (Hakka, in Mauritius)
  • Yio (Hokkien)
  • Yong (Hakka)
  • Young
  • Yeong
  • Yeoh (Hokkien, Malaysian, teochew, notably Penang)
  • Eav
  • Eaw
  • Njo ( Indonesia spelling derived from old Dutch pronunciation )
  • Ieong (Cantonese, notably Macau - Portuguese pronunciation)
  • Dương (Vietnamese)
  • Jong
  • Yaaj (in the Green Hmong dialect)
  • Yaj (in the White Hmong dialect)
  • Ngeo (Hokkien, Peranakan pronunciation)
  • Yoo/Yu (from Philippines)
  • Duong (Vietnam)

Notable people with family name Yang

See also

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yang — may refer to: * Yang (character), The fictional character from the Disney/Jetix show Yin Yang Yo!. *Yang is a transcription of several Chinese words as they are pronounced in Mandarin: ** or 阳 ( yáng ), a word that may mean (sun)light, good,… …   Wikipedia

  • Yang Yichen (Sui Dynasty) — Yang Yichen (楊義臣) (d. 617?), né Yuchi Yichen (尉遲義臣), was a general of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty. During the late reign of Emperor Yang, Yang Yichen was one of the few Sui generals having success against agrarian rebels, but in 616, Emperor… …   Wikipedia

  • Zheng (surname) — Zhèng / Zheng4 (Hanyu Pinyin) or Cheng (Wade Giles) is a Chinese word. It means solemn , formal , or serious . It is a Chinese family name. And it is the name of an ancient state in today s Honan. It is written as 鄭 in traditional Chinese script… …   Wikipedia

  • Zhang (surname) — Zhang Family name Meaning (张) expansive bow, bowmaker (章) State of Zhang Zhang (traditional Chinese: 張; simplified Chinese: 张; …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese compound surname — A Chinese compound surname is a Chinese surname using more than one character. Many of these surnames derive from noble and official titles, professions, place names and other areas, to serve for a purpose. Some are originally non Han, while… …   Wikipedia

  • Liang (surname) — Liang (Chinese: 梁) is a Chinese surname common in Taiwan and southern China. Meaning a beam , a bridge , or an elevation , the surname is often transliterated as Leung or Leong (Cantonese), Neo / Nio / Niu (Hokkien, Teochew). It is also common in …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese surname — Chinese family names have been historically used by Han Chinese and Sinicized Chinese ethnic groups in mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and among overseas Chinese communities. In ancient times two types of surnames, family names (Chinese: 姓;… …   Wikipedia

  • Yuan (surname) — Yuan (, Audio|zh yuan2.ogg|pronunciation) is a Chinese surname ranked 37th in China by population.Is Yuen in Canton and Hong Kong, Cantonese Phonetic is Yuen . [Chinese surnames pronounced yuán which still exist include: , , , , , and ; surnames… …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese Indonesian surname — A large number of ethnic Chinese people have lived in Indonesia for many centuries. Over time, especially under social and political pressure during the New Order era, most Chinese Indonesians have adopted names that better match the local… …   Wikipedia

  • Bo Yang — (zh tsp|t=柏楊|s=柏杨|p=Bó Yáng [The character is traditionally pronounced Bó . In modern standard Mandarin, some authorities favour the view that it is pronounced as Bó except when used to mean cypress tree , when it is pronounced Bǎi : see “柏”,… …   Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.