Jakob Sande


Jakob Sande

Jakob Sande (1 December 1906 – 16 March 1967) was a Norwegian writer, poet and folk singer from Dale in Sunnfjord. His parents were Andreas Sande and Ragna Margrete (born Barsnes). He married Solveig Ytterlid in 1942 and they had a daughter, Siri, in 1943.

He wrote all his texts in nynorsk, one of the two official Norwegian written language forms. His work helped secure a special place on the Norwegian culture-scene for the municipality Fjaler.

1st December 2006 is the 100th anniversary of Jacob Sande's birth, which is being celebrated by a series of concerts and events. For more information see [http://www.jakobsande.no/ The Jakob Sande Association]

Biography

Sande was born on December 1, 1906, in the town of Dale in Sunnfjord in the county of Sogn og Fjordane, Norway. His parents, Anders (father) and Ragna Margrete (mother), lived at Klokkargarden.

His career as a writer spanned from 1929 to 1967. He completed his cand philol exam in 1931, but then he went to work at sea as he had been drawn to that life from early on. In 1934 he started to work as a lector in Fredrikstad. After the War he moved to the same position at Ullern gymnas in Oslo.

In 1963 he decided to quit teaching and devote his life to writing. That year he received a stipend of 15 000 Norwegian kroner and was promised the same for 1964 and 1965.

His later years were marked by ill health.

He died March 16, 1967, at age 61.

Writings

Sande's first poems were published in 1929 in a volume titled "Svarte næter" ("Black Nights"). The book was not welcomed by conservative Christians because of language deemed "straightforward" and "foul" for that time. Other readers loved the work's sense of humor, irony, and his wonderful descriptions of nature.

His second book of poems, "Storm frå vest", was published in 1931. Conservative Christians criticized this work as well, even though one of the poems, "Salme," was later used in a collection of religious poems.

In 1933, the book "Frå Sundfjord til Rio" ("From Sunnfjord to Rio") was published. In three parts, the book described the sea, differences between the officers and the crew, bordellos, ports, and fighting in pubs.

1939 saw the publication of "Krossen og sleggja" ("The Cross and the Sledgehammer"), a collection of all his previous poems, as well as ten new ones.

One of his most famous poems, "Da Daniel drog" ("When Daniel Left") was published in the collection "Guten og Grenda" ("The Boy and the Village"). The poem is sometimes referred to as "Vesle Daniel" ("Little Daniel").

"Korn og klunger" was published in 1950, and "Sirius" in 1955.

His last book, "Det kveldar på Kobbeskjer", was published in 1961.

His poems vary from a burlesque and a sometimes grotesque humor as in "Kallen og katten" and "Likfunn" to high emotionality as in "Fløytelåt" and "Vesle Daniel"

His beautiful song "Det lyser i stille grender" is included in most Norwegian books of hymns and is a very popular Christmas song.

His poem "Etter ein rangel" is very famous.

Many of Jakob Sande's poems have been set to music. Two of the most popular groups who specialise in Jakob Sande lyrics are Aftenlandet and Jubelhornet.

Commemoration

In 2002, 35 years after his death, Sande's birth community of Dale erected a statue by sculptor Sivert Donali in tribute to Sande's poem "Vesle Daniel." [http://www.nrk.no/img/193843.jpeg Picture of Vesle Daniel statue]


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