- Elko, Nevada
official_name = Elko, Nevada
nickname = The Heart of Northeast Nevada [ [http://www.ci.elko.nv.us/ Welcome to the City of Elko ] ]
motto = The Best Small Town in America
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Elko, Nevada
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Elko
leader_name = Michael J Franzoia
leader_title1 = Senate
leader_title2 = Assembly
leader_name2 = John C. Carpenter (R)
leader_title3 = U.S. Congress
established_title = First settled
established_date = 1868
established_title1 = Designated County Seat
established_date1 = 1869
established_title2 = Incorporated (city)
established_date2 = 1917
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 37.5
area_land_km2 = 37.5
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 14.5
area_land_sq_mi = 14.5
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 16708
population_density_km2 = 445.3
population_density_sq_mi = 1153.3
timezone = Pacific (PST)
utc_offset = -8
timezone_DST = PDT
utc_offset_DST = -7
elevation_m = 1544
elevation_ft = 5066
latd = 40 |latm = 50 |lats = 11 |latNS = N
longd = 115 |longm = 45 |longs = 56 |longEW = W
postal_code = 89801-89803
area_code = 775
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 32-22500
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0845452
website = [http://www.ci.elko.nv.us www.ci.elko.nv.us]
Elko is the principal city of the Elko Micropolitan Statistical Area, a micropolitan area that covers Elko and Eureka counties [ [http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/metro_general/2006/List5.txt MICROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS] ,
Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-07-27.] and had a combined population of 46,942 at the 2000 census.GR|2
Elko was first inhabited in 1868, when it was at the East end of the railroad tracks built by
Central Pacific Railroad(the portion of the First Transcontinental Railroad built from California to Utah). When the railroad crews moved on, Elko remained, serving as a ranch and mining freight and supply center.cite journal |last=Hickson |first=Howard |year=1983 |month=Fall |title=Elko, Nevada: 1868-1968 |journal=Northeastern Nevada Historical Society Quarterly |volume=83 |issue=4 ]
Elko is said to have been named by Charles Crocker, a superintendent of the
Central Pacific Railroad. He was especially fond of animal names and added o to Elk. There is no definitive evidence of this naming history, but it has become the widely accepted version.
Elko County Courthousewas built in 1869.
In 1925, the Kelly Act (also known as the Airmail Act of 1925) authorized the U.S. Post Office to contract with private airlines for the feeder routes that fed the main transcontinental route. The first commercial airmail flight in the United States was on the 487 mile Airmail Route #5 from
Pasco, Washingtonto Elko, Nevada on April 6, 1926. The flight was piloted by Leon D. Cuddeback and included a brief stop in Boise, Idahoto pick up more mail. [cite journal |last=Hickson |first=Howard |year=1970 |month=Fall |title=Dirt Runways: Elko Airport - The Early Years (1919-1926) |journal=Northeastern Nevada Historical Society Quarterly |volume=1 |issue=2 ]
The 1910 replacement for the original courthouse is listed on the
National Register of Historic Places. The US Post Office-Elko Main, built in 1933, is also listed.
Geography and Climate
Elko is located at coor dms|40|50|11|N|115|45|56|W|city (40.836396, -115.765525)GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.5 square miles (37.5 km²), all land; though the path of the Humboldt Riverfills from time to time.
January is normally the coldest month of the year, with an average maximum of 37.1° and an average minimum of 14.1°. July is normally the warmest month of the year, with an average maximum of 89.6° and an average minimum of 48.6°. There are an average of 42 days annually with a maximum of 90° (32°C.) or higher, and an average of 193 days annually with a minimum of 32° (0°C) or lower. Annual precipitation averages 9.9 inches, falling on an average of 79 days. Annual snowfall averages with 38.5 inches. There are normally 130 sunny days each year. [climate-zone] The highest temperature on record is 108° on July 28, 1889, and the lowest on record is -43° on January 21, 1937. The most rainfall in one month was 5.71 inches in January 1916. The most rainfall in one year was 18.34 inches in 1983. The most snowfall in one month was 45.7 inches in January 1996. The most snowfall in one year was 100.8 inches in 1996. [wrcc.dri.edu]
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 20,732 people, 8,505 households, and 5,287 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 1,153.3 people per square mile (445.2/km²). There were 6,948 housing units at an average density of 479.6/sq mi (185.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.5% White, 0.3% African American, 5.4% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.6% from other races, and 2.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.4% of the population.
There were 8,505 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.26.
In the city the population was spread out with 31.1% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 7.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.5 years. For every 100 females there were 104.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $48,656, and the median income for a family was $52,263. Males had a median income of $42,155 versus $26,823 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $19,680. About 6.1% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.
Elko is the largest city between
Salt Lake Cityand Reno located along Interstate 80. Passenger service to Elko is available on Greyhound Lines, Amtrak's twice-daily " California Zephyr", and from SkyWest Airlines, which serves Elko Regional Airportfrom Salt Lake City.
Each January, Elko is the host to the
National Cowboy Poetry Gathering. This festival is a week-long celebration of life in the rural West, featuring the contemporary and traditional arts that arise from lives lived close to the land. Poetry, music, stories, gear, film, photography, food – all contribute to the texture of an event that has become an annual ritual for thousands of people who value the people and cultures that live and work in the American West.
Elko is the home to the
Western Folklife Center, which is regional nonprofit organization that works to expand our understanding of the everyday traditions of people who live and work in the American West. The Western Folklife Center is located Downtown in the old Pioneer hotel.
Every July, Elko is host to the
National Basque Festival. The Basque people are a rich culture that has roots deep in the Elko community. The "Basco Fiasco" as it is humorously referred to, is a celebration on traditional Basque culture and its ties to the Elko community. The festival includes strong man competitions, a running of the bulls, traditional food and wine, and Basque Dancing.
Elko is home to a number of casinos, including Stockmen's, the Commercial, the
High Desert Casino, the Red Lion, and the Gold Country Motor Inn. The Commercial Casino is notable for having a stuffed ten foot tall polar bear on display. For many years the Red Lion brought gamblers to Elko from many parts of the country through flights on Casino Express. The flights to Elko ended in February 2006.
Elko is also home to legal prostitutes and contains active brothels. Under
Nevadalaw, any county with a population of less than 400,000 is allowed to license brothels if it so chooses. [ [http://www.leg.state.nv.us/NRS/NRS-244.html#NRS244Sec345 §244.345] , Nevada Revised Statutes. Accessed 2008-07-27.]
Cultural references in art
* Elko was the main setting for
Roland Smith's novel "Zach's Lie".
* Elko was one of the settings and filming locations of the 2005 film "
Don't Come Knocking", directed by Wim Wenders, and co-written by Wenders and Sam Shepard. The character Howard Spence (Shepard), a troubled actor in western films, runs off from a film set and visits his mother in Elko.
* [http://www.elkodaily.com/ Elko Daily Free Press]
* [http://www.elkolocalnews.com/ Elko Local News]
* [http://www.kenvtv.com/ KENV-TV]
* [http://www.krjc.com/ KRJC Radio]
* [http://www.ktsnam.com/ KTSN AM]
* [http://www.elkoradio.com/ KLKO FM]
* [http://www.elkoradio.com/ KELK AM]
* [http://www.mix96.fm/ KHIX 96.7 FM]
* [http://www.elko.tv/ Elko Television District]
* [http://www.ci.elko.nv.us City of Elko official website]
* [http://www.elkonevada.com/ Elko Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.wrh.noaa.gov/lkn/ National Weather Service WFO Elko]
* [http://www.elkocva.com/ Elko Convention and Visitor's Authority]
* [http://travelnevada.com/ Official State of Nevada Tourism Site]
* [http://www.elkocountynv.net/ County of Elko]
* [http://www.eceda.com/ Elko County Economic Diversification Authority]
* [http://www.elkocountylibrary.org/ Elko County Library]
* [http://www.westernfolklife.org/ Western Folklife Center]
* [http://www.museum-elko.us/ Northeastern Nevada Museum]
* [http://www.gbcnv.edu/ Great Basin College]
* [http://nnrhospital.com/ Northeastern Nevada Regional Hospital]
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