name= Saint Goeznovius
Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church
Quimper, Finistère, Britanny, France
Goeznovius, also known as Goueznou (died c. 675) was a Cornish-born Bishop of Léon in
Brittany, who is venerated as a saintin the region around Brest and the diocese of Léon. According to his "legenda" he was born in Cornwalland became one of many of his countrymen who moved to the continent in the wake of the Anglo-Saxon invasions and helped to found the Brythonic settlement in Armoricathat established it as Brittany. His dates are contradictory; he is sometimes said to have died in 675, but it is likelier he lived in the sixth century. [Ashe, Geoffrey (1991). "Legenda Sancti Goeznovii." In Norris J. Lacy, "The New Arthurian Encyclopedia", pp. 204–205. (New York: Garland, 1991). ISBN 0-8240-4377-4.] His feast day is celebrated on October 25.
"Legenda Sancti Goeznovii"
Goeznovius is chiefly known through his
hagiography, known as the "Legenda Sancti Goeznovii". The author names himself as William, a Breton chaplain in the " familia" of the otherwise-unattested Bishop Eudo of Léon, and gives a date of 1019 for the work. The "Legenda" includes a highly unusual preface detailing the history of Brittany's founding. This preface includes some episodes from Britain's traditional history, and for those who consider it a testimony that is independent of Geoffrey of Monmouth's " Historia Regum Britanniae", is an important document in establishing a historical basis for King Arthur, as it includes the only early historical account of Arthur that depicts him with no fantastic or legendary touches.
The preface describes the traditional story of
Vortigern, who usurps the British throne and invites Saxon warriors into the country as protection. The Saxons caused great suffering among the Britons, until they were largely driven out by the new king, Arthur. Arthur proceeded to win battles in Britain and in Gaulbut was eventually "summoned… from human activity," paving the way for the Saxons to return. The Saxon persecution caused many of the Britons to flee to Gaul, where they established Brittany.
J. S. P. Tatlock set out the signs that the preface to William's "Legenda" followed the outlines given by Geoffrey of Monmouth's "Historia Regum Britanniae", written around 1136, and that the date 1019 was a fiction. [Tatlock, J. S. P. "The Dates of the Arthurian Saints' Legends," "Speculum" 14.3 (July 1939: 345-365).] This conclusion has been challenged by
Léon Fleuriot. The preface includes material that is found in early sources but not in Geoffrey, suggesting that the author had access to some earlier document. The text may imply that Arthur succeeds Vortigern directly, whereas Geoffrey claims two kings reigned between them, Aurelius Ambrosiusand Uther Pendragon. This may establish a chronological fix for Arthur, placing his activities during the period of Saxon unrest in the mid-5th century. The mention of Arthur's battles in Gaul is also significant, as it may be a reference to British incursions there under the leader Riothamus, whom some modern historians have identified with Arthur.
*Lacy, Norris J. (1991). "The New Arthurian Encyclopedia". New York: Garland. ISBN 0-8240-4377-4.
* [http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=3588 "Saint Goeznoveus"] . Catholic.org. Retrieved
December 11, 2007.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Historical basis for King Arthur — The historical basis of King Arthur is a source of considerable debate among historians. The King Arthur of Arthurian legend appears in many legends but it has not been decisively established whether his origin was entirely mythical or whether he … Wikipedia
Conan Meriadoc — is a legendary British leader credited with founding Brittany. Versions of his story circulated in both Brittany and Great Britain from at least the early 12th century, and supplanted earlier legends of Brittany s foundation. His story is known… … Wikipedia
List of books about King Arthur — This is a list of books about King Arthur, or his related world, family, friends or enemies.9th century* Historia Britonum attributed to Nennius10th century* Annales Cambriae Anonymous * Preiddeu Annwfn attributed to Taliesin11th… … Wikipedia
La muerte de Arturo — Detalle de El último sueño de Arturo, pintura de Edward Burne Jones, en la que se representa como Morgana … Wikipedia Español