Henry Fane (general)


Henry Fane (general)

General Sir Henry Fane (26 November 1778 – 24 March 1840) commanded brigades under Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington during several battles during the Peninsular War, and served both as a member of Parliament and commander-in-chief in India.

Peninsular War

As a brigadier general, Fane commanded a brigade in Wellesley's army at the Battle of Vimeiro in August 1808. His brigade, which included the 1/50th "West Kent," 5/60th "Royal Americans," and four companies of the 2/95th "Rifles" Foot, took a key part in repelling the French frontal attacks on Vimeiro village. [Zimmermann, p 33]

During Sir John Moore's expedition in Spain, Fane commanded the 2nd Brigade (1/38th "1st Staffordshire," 1/79th "Cameron Highlanders," 1/82nd "Prince of Wales Volunteers" Foot) in Alexander Mackenzie Fraser's 3rd Division. The 3rd Division was present but not engaged at the Battle of Corunna in January 1809. [Smith, p 278]

Fane missed the Second Battle of Porto, since his heavy cavalry brigade (3rd "Prince of Wales" Dragoon Guards, 4th "Queen's Own" Dragoons) was guarding the Portuguese frontier at Abrantes. While commanding the same brigade, he fought at the Battle of Talavera in July 1809. [Glover, p 373-4]

On 13 May 1810, Fane transferred to command a brigade that included the 13th Light Dragoons and four Portuguese mounted regiments. He was present at the Battle of Bussaco, while attached to Rowland Hill's 2nd Division. He went home ill before the end of 1810. [Oman, p 346]

On 24 April, 1813, Fane was promoted to major general on the staff. Posted to command a brigade consisting of the 3rd Dragoon Guards and the 1st "Royal" Dragoons on May 20, [Oman, p 367] he fought at the Battle of Vitoria in June. In that battle, his cavalry fought with Hill's Right Column, being lightly engaged. [Smith, p 430]

During late 1813, Wellington sent most of his cavalry to the rear since they were almost useless in the rough terrain of the Pyrenees. In January 1814, Fane transferred to lead a brigade that included the 13th and 14th Light Dragoons. There is evidence that Fane effectively commanded both his old and new brigades in the final battles in southern France. [Oman, p 372] Wellington called his cavalry forward in February, his light cavalry arriving first. [Glover, p 313] Fane's brigade fought at the Battle of Orthez and was present at the Battle of Toulouse in April. [Smith, p 518]

Later career

Fane served as MP for Lyme Regis in 1802-1816, MP for Sandwich in 1829-1830 and MP for Hastings in 1830-1831. He was named Commander-in-Chief of India in 1835. He died on 24 March 1840.

References

* Glover, Michael. "The Peninsular War 1807-1814." London: Penguin, 2001. ISBN 0-141-39041-7
* Oman, Charles. "Wellington's Army, 1809-1814." London: Greenhill, (1913) 1993. ISBN 0-947898-41-7
* Smith, Digby. "The Napoleonic Wars Data Book." London: Greenhill, 1993. ISBN 1-85367-276-9
* Zimmermann, Dick. "Battle of Vimeiro," Wargamer's Digest magazine, vol 10, no 12, October 1983.

Footnotes


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Henry Fane — may refer to:*Sir Henry Fane, MP (1650 1705/6) *Henry Fane (politician 1703 1777), MP for Lyme Regis 1757 1777 (1703 1777) *Hon Henry Fane (politician), MP for Lyme Regis 1772 1784, younger son of Thomas Fane, 8th Earl of Westmorland (1739 1802)… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Fane (politician) — Henry Fane, (4 May 1739 – 4 June 1802) MP for Lyme Regis 1772–1802.The younger son of Thomas Fane, 8th Earl of Westmorland. He was a Clerk to HM Treasury from 7 December 1757 until 29 August 1763, [cite book | chapter=Alphabetical list of… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Fane Grant — Sir Henry Fane Grant GCVO GCB (* 13. Dezember 1848 ; † 22. April 1919) war ein britischer Offizier. Henry Fane Grant entstammt dem Geschlecht der Grants of Auchendoun/Auchterblair, einem schottischen Familienclan, der 1732 begründet wurde… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Vane the Elder — Sir Henry Vane, the elder (1589 1655), was an English politician and secretary of state.Origins and educationVane was born on 18 February 1589, the eldest son of Henry Vane or Fane of Hadlow, Kent, by his second wife, Margaret, daughter of Roger… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry-Robert Petit — Henri Robert Petit Pour les articles homonymes, voir Petit. Henri Petit (dit Henri Robert ou Henry Robert) (1899? 1985) était un journaliste, collaborateur et militant nationaliste français. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henry-robert petit — Henri Robert Petit Pour les articles homonymes, voir Petit. Henri Petit (dit Henri Robert ou Henry Robert) (1899? 1985) était un journaliste, collaborateur et militant nationaliste français. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henry petit — Henri Robert Petit Pour les articles homonymes, voir Petit. Henri Petit (dit Henri Robert ou Henry Robert) (1899? 1985) était un journaliste, collaborateur et militant nationaliste français. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henry robert petit — Henri Robert Petit Pour les articles homonymes, voir Petit. Henri Petit (dit Henri Robert ou Henry Robert) (1899? 1985) était un journaliste, collaborateur et militant nationaliste français. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Vere Reeve King-Fane — Colonel William Vere Reeve King Fane OBE, DL (29 October 1868 – 5 November 1943) was a member of the Fane family an English landowner, soldier and High Sheriff of Lincolnshire. Contents 1 Background 2 Life 3 Family 4 …   Wikipedia

  • Robert George Cecil Fane — (8 May1796 ndash;1864) was an English judge.BiographyFane, thirteenth and youngest child of the Hon. Henry Fane and Anne, daughter of Edward Buckley Batson, and brother of General Sir Henry Fane and Harriet Arbuthnot, was born on 8 May 1796, and… …   Wikipedia