- Grand Chord
"Grand Chord" section of the
Indian Railwaysis a link between Howrah( Kolkata, West Bengal) and Mughal Sarai(near Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh), and covers a stretch of 450 km. Traversing through Chhota Nagpur plateauof Jharkhandas well as parts of the fertile Gangetic plainsof Bihar, the Grand Chord covers a stretch of 450 km and passes through towns like Dhanbad, Koderma, Gaya, Sasaramand several other smaller places.
The railways first came to eastern India in 1854, and the Calcutta–
Delhirailway link, a distance of more than 1636 km, became operational by 1866. With the increase in traffic it became necessary to construct an alternative route.
With this in view, "The Grand Chord" section was planned. "The Grand Chord" section was opened in December, 1906 by
Lord Minto, then Viceroyand Governor Generalof India. With the opening of the Grand Chord route, the distance between Calcutta and Delhi was reduced by 80 km. The cost of construction was around Rs. 41,500,000, that is, US$800,000.
Additional information about trains on the route
At one time in the seventies it was said that a goods train passes by every 20 minutes on the Grand Chord line.Surprisingly few mail/express trains use this shorter route. Most trains use the route via
Patna, known as the Main Line. KalkaMail, Howrah- MumbaiMail via Allahabad, Rajdhani Expressto Howrah and Sealdah, DehradunExpress, Poorva Express and the recently added Howrah- GwaliorChambal Express and Howrah- IndoreShipra Express are the only main trains between Dhanbad and Mughal Sarai which use this route.
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