Tommaso Maria Zigliara

Tommaso Maria Zigliara

Tommaso Maria Zigliara (baptismal name: Francesco) (end of October, 1833 - 11 May, 1893) was a Roman Catholic cardinal, theologian, and philosopher.


He was born at Bonifacio, a seaport of Corsica. His early classical studies were made in his native town under the Jesuit teacher, Father Aloysius Piras. At the age of eighteen he was received into the Dominican Order at Rome, and in 1852 he made his religious profession. From the beginning Zigliara was a student of uncommon brilliancy. He studied philosophy in Rome and theology at Perugia, where on May 17, 1856, he was ordained by Gioacchino Cardinal Pecci, then Archbishop of Perugia. Soon afterwards the young priest was appointed to teach philosophy, first in Rome, then at Corbara in his native Corsica, and later in the diocesan seminary, at Viterbo, being at the same time master of novices in the neighbouring convent at Gradi.

When his work at Viterbo was finished, he was called to Rome, again made master of novices, and shortly appointed regent, or head professor, of the Minerva college. Before assuming this latter duty, he was raised to the dignity of master in sacred theology. When his community was forced by the Italian Government in 1873 to give up the convent of the Minerva, Zigliara with other professors and students took refuge with the Fathers of the Holy Ghost, who had charge of the French College in Rome. Here the lectures were continued until a house near the Minerva was secured. Zigliara's fame was now widespread in Rome and elsewhere. French, Italian, German, English, and American bishops were eager to put some of their most promising students and young professors under his tuition. Between Cardinal Pecci, Archbishop of Perugia, and Zigliara there had existed for many years the closest friendship, and when the former became pope as Leo XIII, in his first consistory (1879) he created Zigliara a cardinal. Zigliara was first numbered among the cardinal-deacons, then he became a cardinal-priest, and in 1893 he was appointed Bishop of Frascati, one of the seven suburbicarian sees; but, owing to the sickness which ended in his death in Rome on May 11, 1893, he never received episcopal consecration.


He was a member of seven Roman congregations, besides being prefect of the Congregation of Studies and co-president of the Academy of St. Thomas Aquinas. He was a man of deep piety and devotion, and a tireless student to the end of his life. In addition to his many duties as cardinal, he was entrusted with the superintendence of the Leonine edition of the works of St. Thomas, the first volume of which contains his own commentary. He also found time to publish his "Propaedeutica ad Sacram Theologiam" and to write an extensive work on the sacraments, of which only the tracts on baptism and penance received final revision before his death. The most important, however, of Zigliara's works is his "Summa Philosophica", which enjoys a world-wide circulation. For many years this has been the textbook in a great number of the seminaries and colleges of Europe, Canada, and the United States; and around the turn of the 20th century it was adopted as the textbook for the philosophical examination in the National University of Ireland. His other works are:

*"Osservazioni su alcune interpretazioni di G.C. Ubaghs sull' ideologia di San Tommaso d'Aquino" (Viterbo, 1870)
*"Della luce intellettuale e dell' ontologismo secondo la dottrina di S. Bonaventura e Tommaso d'Aquino" (2 vols., Rome, 1874)
*"De mente Concilii Viennensis in definiendo dogmate unionis animae humanae cum corpore" (1878)
*"Commentaria S. Thomae in Aristotelis libros Peri Hermeneias et Posteriorum analyticorum", in fol. vol. I new edit. "Opp. S. Thomae": (Rome, 1882)
*"Saggio sui principi del tradizionalismo"
*"Dimittatur e la spiegazione datane dalla S. Congregazione dell' Indice".

By his teaching and through his writings, he was one of the chief instruments, under Leo XIII, of reviving and propagating Thomistic philosophy throughout the entire Church. In his own order and in some universities and seminaries, the teaching of St. Thomas had never been interrupted, but it was reserved for Zigliara to give a special impetus to the movement which has made Thomistic philosophy and theology dominant in the Catholic world.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tommaso Maria Zigliara —     Tommaso Maria Zigliara     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Tommaso Maria Zigliara     (Baptismal name, FRANCESCO).     Cardinal, theologian, and philosopher, b. at Bonifacio, a seaport town of Corsica, toward the end of October, 1833; d. in Rome,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Tommaso Maria Zigliara — Biographie Naissance 29 octobre 1833 à Bonifacio Ordination sacerdotale 17 mai 1856 Décès 10 mai 1893 à Rome …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Zigliara, Tommaso Maria — • Cardinal, theologian, and philosopher (1833 1893) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Maria (given name) — This article is about the given name. For other uses, see Maria (disambiguation). Maria Gender Female Origin Word/Name Hebrew via Latin and Greek Meaning wished for child , bitter , rebellious …   Wikipedia

  • Giovanni Maria Cornoldi — (29 September 1822 – 18 January 1892) was an Italian Jesuit academic, author, and preacher. Contents 1 Life 2 Works 3 References 4 External links …   Wikipedia

  • Clemens Maria Hofbauer — Apostle of Vienna Born 26 December 1751 Tasswitz, Moravia Died 15 March 1820 Vien …   Wikipedia

  • Giuseppe Pecci — Giuseppe Cardinal Pecci S.J. (13 December 1807 mdash;8 February 1890) was a Catholic thomist theologian and Roman Catholic Cardinal and older brother of Vincenzo Cardinal Pecci, who became Pope Leo XIII. The Neo Thomist revival, which Leo XIII… …   Wikipedia

  • Giuseppe Pecci — Biographie Naissance 15 décembre 1807 à Carpineto Romano (Italie) Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste der Kardinalpriester von Santa Prassede — Folgende Kardinäle waren Kardinalpriester von Santa Prassede: Benedictus, unter Gregors VII. (Pontifikat 1073 bis 1085)[1] Deodatus (Anhänger des Gegenpapstes Clemens III.), belegt 1091 Romanus (belegt 1105 1112) Lambertus (?) (nach 1112 bis… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sainte-Praxède (titre cardinalice) — Titre cardinalice paroisse Sainte Praxède Nom italien Santa Prassede Nom latin S. Praxedis Création 112 Titulaire actuel …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.