- Vietnamese wine
Vietnamese wine is
wineproduced in the Southeast Asian country of Vietnam. The area was first cultivated for viticultureduring the French colonial rule of the region in the late 19th century. The region's tropical climatewas ill suited for the type of " Vitis vinifera" that the French colonists were used to and the wine industry turned its attention to fruit wineproduction. The late 20th century saw renewed focus on the development of "Vitis vinifera" with the assistance of flying winemakersfrom regions like Australia. In 1995, a joint venture with Australian winemakers started an aggressive planting scheme to reintroduce international grape varieties like Cabernet Sauvignonand Chardonnayto land that was until recently littered with landmines left over from the Vietnam war. J. Robinson (ed) "The Oxford Companion to Wine" Third Edition pg 734 Oxford University Press 2006 ISBN 0198609906 ]
Viticulture and geography
Vietnam is located between the
Tropic of Cancerand the Equatorand has a climate typical of a tropicalregion marked by high humidityand a rainy summer season. The topographyof Vietnam is very hilly which can provide some relief from the tropical influences and also create various microclimates where viticulture could thrive. The Gulf of Tonkin, Mekongand Red Rivers also have a tempering affect on the climate. Due to the year round warmth, vineyards in the southern region of Vietnam can produce a harvest up to three times during the course of a calendar year. Some plant varieties can produce fruit from new cuttings within a year of their planting.
French colonists planted their vineyards in the highlands areas around the
Ba Vì mountain rangenear Hanoi. Modern viticultural techniques have produced some successful results with aggressive pruningand the adoption of the pergolasstyle of trellising. This Pergolas trellis has the benefit of keeping the grapevines off the ground to where some of the humidity is ventilated which reduces the risk of powdery mildewdeveloping. The grape brunches are shaded by the canopy of the vine which reduces the yields. J. Robinson (ed) "The Oxford Companion to Wine" Third Edition pg 692 Oxford University Press 2006 ISBN 0198609906 ]
Other areas with vineyard plantings include the Central highland region along the
Annamite Rangeand the southern coastal plainof the Ninh Thuan around Phan Rang-Thap Chamwhere Vietnam's first commercial winery Thien Thai Wineryis located.
Grapes and wines
As of 2005, the main grape varieties planted in Vietnam are the Cardinal and
Chambourcingrapes. A large form of wine production is from fruit wines made from the countries abundance of local fruits. The British firm Allied Domecqand Australian winemakers have been working on introducing more international grape varieties into the region as well as experimenting with sparkling wineproduction. Many new vineyards sites are being planted in areas recently demined.
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