Louis, Duke of Brittany (1707–1712)

Louis, Duke of Brittany (1707–1712)

Louis, Duke of Brittany (8 January, 1707–8 March, 1712) was the second son of Louis, Duke of Burgundy and Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy. As a grandson of the Dauphin, he was a Petit-Fils de France. He also was Dauphin of France for three weeks in 1712.


His paternal grandparents were Louis, "le Grand Dauphin", and Maria Anna of Bavaria. His maternal grandparents were Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia and his first wife Anne Marie of Orléans, daughter of Philippe I, duc d'Orléans and Henrietta Anne Stuart.

At the time of his birth Louis was the third-in-line heir to his great-grandfather Louis XIV of France. He was preceded in birth by an elder brother, also named Louis, who was born in 1704 and died in infancy the following year.

His paternal grandfather, Louis, Dauphin of France and Prince of Viana, died on 14 April, 1711. Young Louis' father became Dauphin and Louis became the second-in-line heir to the throne. His parents contracted an illness in early 1712. His mother died first on February 12. His father died on February 18. At this point Louis became the Dauphin, the heir apparent of his great-grandfather Louis XIV of France. However he died himself less than a month later. His death is attributed to contracting measles.

Louis was buried in Saint Denis Basilica. His younger brother, the Duke of Anjou, became Dauphin in his place and would succeed their great-grandfather as Louis XV of France.


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1= 1. Louis, Dauphin of France and Duke of Brittany
2= 2. Louis, Dauphin of France and Duke of Burgundy
3= 3. Princess Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy
4= 4. Louis, Dauphin of France
5= 5. Duchess Maria Anna of Bavaria
6= 6. Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
7= 7. Princess Anne Marie of Orléans
8= 8. Louis XIV of France
9= 9. Infanta Maria Theresa of Spain
10= 10. Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria
11= 11. Princess Henriette Adelaide of Savoy
12= 12. Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy
13= 13. Princess Marie Jeanne of Savoy-Nemours
14= 14. Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
15= 15. Princess Henrietta Anne of England
16= 16. Louis XIII of France
17= 17. Infanta Anne of Spain
18= 18. Philip IV of Spain
19= 19. Princess Elisabeth of France
20= 20. Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria
21= 21. Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria
22= 22. Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy
23= 23. Princess Christine Marie of France
24= 24. Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy (= 22)
25= 25. Princess Christine Marie of France (= 23)
26= 26. Charles Amadeus of Savoy, 6th Duke of Nemours
27= 27. Princess Elisabeth of Vendôme
28= 28. Louis XIII of France (= 16)
29= 29. Infanta Anne of Spain (= 17)
30= 30. Charles I of England
31= 31. Princess Henrietta Maria of France

ee also

*Louis, Dauphin
*List of French monarchs

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