- Burgundian language (Oïl)
The Burgundian language, also known by French names Bourguignon-morvandiau, Bourguignon, and Morvandiau, is an
Oïl languagespoken in Burgundyand particularly in the Morvanarea of the region.
The arrival of the Burgundians brought Germanic elements into the Gallo-Romance speech of the inhabitants. The occupation of the
Low Countriesby the Dukes of Burgundyalso brought Burgundian into contact with Dutch; e.g., the word for gingerbread"couque" derives from Old Dutch "kooke" (cake).
Dialects of the south along the
Saôneriver have been influenced by Arpitan language.
Eugène de Chambure published a "Glossaire du Morvan" in 1878. ["Le morvandiau tel qu'on le parle", Roger Dron, Autun 2004, (no ISBN)]
Apart from songs dating from the eighteenth century, there is little surviving
literaturefrom before the nineteenth century. In 1854 the Papal Bull" Ineffabilis Deus" was translated into the Morvan dialect by the Abbé Jacques-François Baudiau, and into the Dijondialect by the Abbé Lereuil. The Abbé Baudiau also transcribed storytelling.
vernacular literaturefrom the mid-nineteenth century and by the end of the century a number of writers were establishing an original literature. Achille Millien (1838–1927) collected songs from the oral traditionin the Nivernais. Louis de Courmont, nicknamed the “Botrel of the Morvan,” was a chansonnier who after a career in Paris returned to his native region. A statue was erected to him in Château-Chinon. Emile Blin wrote a number of stories and monologues aimed at a tourist market; a collection was published in 1933 under the title "Le Patois de Chez Nous." Alfred Guillaume published a large number of vernacular texts for use on picturesque postcards at the beginning of the twentieth century, and in 1923 published a book in Burgundian, "L’âme du Morvan." More recently, Marinette Janvier published "Ma grelotterie" (1974) and "Autour d’un teugnon" (1989).
*"Paroles d'oïl", 1994, ISBN 2905061952
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