- Treaty of Adrianople
The Peace Treaty of Adrianople (also called the Treaty of Edirne) concluded the
Russo-Turkish War, 1828-1829between Russia and the Ottoman Empire. It was signed on September 14, 1829in Adrianopleby Russia's Count Aleksey Orlovand by Turkey's Abdul Kadyr-bey.>cite book | title = The Cambridge Modern History | author = John Emerich Edward Dalberg Acton | publisher = Macmillan & Co. | year = 1907 | page = p.202 ] The Ottoman Empire gave Russia access to the mouths of the Danubeand the fortresses of Akhaltsikheand Akhalkalakiin Georgia. The Sultan recognized Russia's possession of Georgia (with Imeretia, Mingrelia, Guria) and of the Khanates of Erivanand Nakhichevanwhich had been ceded to the tsar by Persiain the Treaty of Turkmenchaya year earlier. The treaty opened the Dardanellesto all commercial vessels, thus liberating commerce for cereals, live stocks and wood, although it took the Treaty of Hünkâr İskelesi( 1833) to settle the Straits Question between the signatories. The Sultan reguaranteed the previously promised autonomy to Serbia, promised autonomy for Greece, and allowed Russia to occupy Moldaviaand Wallachiauntil the Ottoman Empire had paid a large indemnity.
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