- Arthur Saxon
Arthur Saxon (1878 –
August 6, 1921), born Arthur Hennig and nicknamed "The Iron-Master", was a strongman and circus performer from the late 19th century into the early 20th century. Saxon is most well-known for the bent press, with which he set a world record of 370 lbs (although there are claims that he has done 385 lbs.) as well as the "two-hand anyhow" lift of 448 lbs. Usually, Saxon is depicted with his recognizable mustache.
Arno Patschke, known as Arno Saxon on stage, a performer and former
Greco-Roman wrestlingplayer from Germany was eager to make money performing strongman acts. He traveled to Leipzig, Germany, where he convinced Oscard Hilgenfeldt and Arthur Saxon to join him in creating the "Greatest Strong Show" in the country. Arthur, 19 at the time, was the youngest performer, although already recognized as the most accomplished bent press performer in the world.fact|date=April 2008
Eventually Saxons's two brothers, Kurt and Hermann Henning joined the group as well, forming the "Saxon Trio," and in 1897, the Trio began performing for a circus in Europe. In one act, Arthur Saxon lifted his seated brothers on a barbell with one arm. Another popular portion of their performances included opening the stage for anyone who challenged the validity of any lift.
At one point during a
bent pressperformance Saxon claimed the act could not be repeated by the famous Eugen Sandow. Unbeknownst to Saxon, on February 26, 1898, Sandow, in the audience at the time, accepted the challenge. Initially, Sandowwas unable to replicate the lift and, in retaliation, took the Saxon Trio to court. In the case Sandowwon with a ruling that he had "handled the bell in exactly the same bodily attitude as Arthur", which debunks the claim that Sandowfailed the lift.
In 1905, Saxon published "The Development of Physical Power", which explains his methods for performing lifts including the usage of barbells, dumbbells, and kettlebells, as well as Ring, Ball and Square lifting. This book also depict Saxon displaying the lifts in 45 pages of photographs.
Saxon's "The Text Book of Weight-Lifting", published in 1910, includes some psychological explanation of lifting, rather than strict routine. He explains several lifts, such as the famous bent press and continental lifts.
During his service in
World War I, Saxon suffered from malnutrition. After the war he tried to continue his strongman act, which conflicted with his unhealthy condition. He grew weaker and developed tuberculosis. Saxon eventually developed pneumonia, causing his death on August 6, 1921, at age 43.
* [http://www.sandowmuseum.com/page88.html Arthur Saxon at the Sandow Museum]
* [http://www.sandowplus.co.uk/Competition/Saxon/saxon.htm Arthur Sanxon and the Saxon Trio]
* [http://www.superstrengthbooks.com/arthur_saxon.html Arthur Saxon Bent Press Development of Physical Power]
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