2nd Guards Army (Soviet Union)

2nd Guards Army (Soviet Union)

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=2nd Guards Army

country=Soviet Union
branch=Red Army,
dates=1942 - 1945?
size=two or more Rifle corps
battles=Operation Little Saturn others

The 2nd Guards Army was a field army of the Soviet Union's Red Army that fought in World War II, notably at Stalingrad.

2nd Guards Army was formed according to the order of the Staff of the Supreme High Command from October, 23rd, 1942 on the basis of the 1st Reserve Army. Formation and training was spent in rear of the country, in the Tambov, Michurinsk and Morshansk areas. The Army initially comprised the 1st Guards Rifle Corps - 24th, 33rd Guards and 98th Rifle Divisions under Guards General-Major I.I.Missan, and the 13th Guards Rifle Corps with the 49th, 3rd Guards and 387th Rifle Divisions. By the time of the Battle of Stalingrad, the 2nd Guards Army had become the most powerful force in the Red Army. The 2nd Guards Army appeared on the scene after the Soviet Operation Uranus had successfully encircled the German Sixth Army at Stalingrad in November 1942. In December 1942, as preparations started for Operation Saturn, the 2nd Guards Army was ordered by an impatient Joseph Stalin to get ready for the attack on Rostov. The assault and capture of Rostov was the ultimate goal of the Red Army for Operation Saturn.

In December 1942, plans for Operation Saturn had to be altered. The German Operation Wintergewitter, led by Field Marshal Erich von Manstein's Army Group Don, made an attack on the Stalingrad Front in an effort to relieve the Sixth Army in Stalingrad. Thus, Operation Saturn was changed to Operation Little Saturn, which was to be a counter-attack that would be launched as soon as Operation Wintergewitter subsides. The German forces, spearheaded by Army Group Hoth, made rapid initial advances but was stalled at the Myshkova River. Colonel-General Hermann Hoth's panzer divisions were at a standstill and were suffering heavy casualties, even before the bulk of the 2nd Guards Army had arrived. By this time, Manstein realized that the operation was doomed. The 2nd Guards Army, under General Rodion Malinovsky, had been transferred to Stalingrad Front to halt the offensive. Stalin had agreed to this decision.

After Operation Wintergewitter had petered out, Soviet forces in the South-West Front led by the First Guards Army successfully launched Operation Little Saturn against the Italian Eighth Army. After that, the 2nd Guards Army and the 51st Army launched another counter-offensive, this time against Army Group Hoth, right before Christmas 1942. Not only had Operation Wintergewitter been halted, the Red Army had made substantial gains against Army Group Hoth, Army Group Don, and also Army Group A in the Caucasus that month.

The 2nd Guards Army made a very significant contribution to the Soviet halt of Operation Wintergewitter and the successful counter-attacks that followed. The 2nd Guards Army remained a powerful force fighting on the Eastern Front until the war's end in 1945.

After the war ended, 2nd Guards Army, numbering six rifle divisions in two corps, was withdrawn to the Moscow Military District where it was eventually disbanded.


* Beevor, Antony. "Stalingrad the Fateful Siege: 1942-43". London: Penguin Books, 1998.
* Feskov et al, "The Soviet Army during the period of the Cold War", Tomsk University Press, 2004
* see also http://samsv.narod.ru/Arm/ag02/arm.html

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • 1st Guards Army (Soviet Union) — The 1st Guards Army was a Soviet field army that fought on the Eastern Front during World War II, being formed from the 2nd Reserve Army with five Guards Rifle Divisions in August 1942.During the German Sixth Army s assault on Stalingrad in… …   Wikipedia

  • 3rd Guards Army (Soviet Union) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=3rd Guards Army caption= country=Soviet Union type= branch=Red Army, Soviet Army dates=December 1942 1945 command structure= 1st Ukrainian Front, others size=two or more Rifle corps garrison= battles=Lvov… …   Wikipedia

  • 2nd Guards Tank Army (Soviet Union) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=2nd Tank Army (1943 1944) 2nd Guards Tank Army (1944 present) caption= dates=1943 1998, 2001 country=Soviet Union, Russia allegiance= branch=Armoured Forces type=Field army role=Breakthrough and Exploitation in… …   Wikipedia

  • 3rd Shock Army (Soviet Union) — The 3rd Shock Army ( ru. Третья ударная армия) was a field army of the Red Army formed during the Second World War. The Shock armies were created with the specific structure to engage and destroy significant enemy forces, and were reinforced with …   Wikipedia

  • 9th Army (Soviet Union) — The 9th Army of the Soviet Union s Red Army was a Soviet field army, active from 1939 – 43, and then after the war from 1966 to 1989. It was active during the Winter War against Finland as part of the Leningrad Military District, beginning… …   Wikipedia

  • 4th Army (Soviet Union) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=4th Army caption= country=Soviet Union type= branch=Red Army, Soviet Army dates=1939 circa 1991 2? command structure= Transcaucasian Military District (1950s 1990s) size=two or more Rifle corps garrison=Baku… …   Wikipedia

  • 5th Army (Soviet Union) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=5th Army caption= country=Soviet Union, Russia type= Field army branch=Red Army, Soviet Army, Russian Ground Forces dates=1939 ndash;current command structure= size= World War II: usually several corps ( 10… …   Wikipedia

  • 40th Army (Soviet Union) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=40th Army caption= nickname= motto= colors= march= ceremonial chief= type= branch=Soviet Army dates=1941 1945, 1979 1990 country=Soviet Union allegiance= command structure= size=varied in size; usually several… …   Wikipedia

  • 5th Guards Tank Army (Soviet Union) — The 5th Guards Tank Army was a Soviet Guards armoured formation which fought in many notable actions during World War II.HistoryThe 5th Guards Tank Army was formed on 10 February 1942. Its organisation varied throughout its history, but in… …   Wikipedia

  • 8th Army (Soviet Union) — 8th Army Active 1939 (1939) 1945 Country Soviet Union Branch Red Army Size several …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.