- Treasury regulations
Treasury Regulations are the tax regulations issued by the United States
Internal Revenue Service(IRS), a bureau of the United States Department of the Treasury. These regulations are the Treasury Department’s official interpretations of the Internal Revenue Codecite web
last = Harvard Law School Library
title = Federal Tax Law Research, Treasury Regulations
url=http://www.law.harvard.edu/library/services/research/guides/grfs/specialized/tax.php#TreasuryRegulations | accessdate = 2008-06-05] and are one source of U.S. Federal
Proposed, Final and Temporary regulations
The IRS issues three types of regulations: final, temporary, and proposed. Final regulations are legally binding on a taxpayer, having the same force and effect as the
Internal Revenue Codeitself. Proposed regulations do not become effective until after comments and testimony are received ("notice and comment"), and a final regulation is issued. Proposed Regulations may offer guidance for determining a taxpayer's liability for the given year. Samuel A. Donaldson, "Federal Income Taxation of Individuals: Cases, Problems and Materials", 3 (2nd Ed. 2007)]
Temporary regulations are effective upon publication in the
Federal Registerand may be valid for no more than three years from their date of issuance.cite web
title = 26 U.S.C. § 7805. "Rules and regulations."
accessdate = 2008-06-05 ] Because the notice and comment process can take several months or even years, if the Treasury wants a regulation to become effective more quickly, it will often issue a proposed regulation simultaneously as a temporary regulation.
Authority and citations
Section 7805 of the
Internal Revenue Codegives the United States Secretary of the Treasurythe power to create the necessary rules and regulations for enforcing the Internal Revenue Code.cite web
title = 26 U.S.C. § 7805. "Rules and regulations."
accessdate = 2008-06-05 ] These regulations, also known as the “Income Tax Regulations,” are located in Title 26 of the
Code of Federal Regulations, or “C.F.R.” The regulations are organized according to the Internal Revenue Codesection that a regulation interprets. Citations to the Treasury Regulations may appear in different formats. For instance, the definition of gross income in the regulations may be cited to as “26 C.F.R. 1.61-1” or as “Treas. Reg. 1.61-1.” Both citations refer to the same regulation, which interprets Internal Revenue CodeSection 61, "Gross income defined."
Proposed Treasury Regulations are drafted by the Internal Revenue Service and published in the
Federal Register. Proposed Treasury Regulations are published so that taxpayers may submit written comments or speak at hearings before final regulations are published. After the notice and comment period, the Final Treasury Regulations are then published first in the Federal Register before final publication in the Code of Federal Regulations. Temporary regulations are effective immediately upon publication in the Federal Register. Temporary and final regulations are initially published as Treasury Decisions (“TD”). TD's include an explanatory preamble, which can be a helpful source for legal research.
[http://www.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/cfrassemble.cgi?title=200726 "Code of Federal Regulations", Title 26, Treasury Regulations] from [http://www.access.gpo.gov GPO Access]
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