- Van der Waals strain
chemistry, van der Waals strain is strain resulting from van der Waals repulsion when two substituents in a moleculeapproach each other with a distance less than the sum of their van der Waals radii. Van der Waals strain is also called van der Waals repulsion and is related to steric hindrance. ["Organic chemistry" 4th. Ed., Morrison and Boyd ISBN 0-205-05838-8] One of the most common forms of this strain is eclipsing hydrogen, in Alkanes.
In rotational and pseudorotational mechanisms
In molecules whose vibrational mode involves a rotational or pseudorotational mechanism (such as the
Berry mechanismor the Bartell mechanism) [cite web|url=http://www.ch.ic.ac.uk/rzepa/bpr/ |last= Rzepa |first= Henry S. |authorlink= Henry Rzepa |coauthors= Cass, M.E., Hii, K.K |title=Mechanisms that Interchange Axial and Equatorial Atoms in Fluxional processes |accessdate=2008-03-27] , van der Waals strain can cause significant differences in potential energy, even between molecules with identical geometry. PF5, for example, has significantly lower potential energy than PCl5. Despite their identical trigonal bipyramidal molecular geometry, the higher electron count of chlorineas compared to fluorinecauses a potential energy spike as the molecule enters its intermediate in the mechanism and the substituents draw nearer to each other.
* [http://www.chem.ed.ac.uk/teaching/undergrad/chemistry1_icb/supplement/appendix11.pdf More reading]
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