- Italian-American Civil Rights League
The Italian-American Civil Rights League was formed as a political group in and around New York City in the early 1970s. Its stated goal was to combat pejorative stereotypes about Italian-Americans. The Italian-American Civil Rights League began as the Italian American Anti-Defamation League on April 30, 1970 by approximately 30 Italian-Americans.
The Italian-American Civil Rights League began as the Italian American Anti-Defamation League - when approximately 30 Italian-Americans, led by reputed mobster Joseph Colombo, picketed the Manhattan headquarters of the
Federal Bureau of Investigation. They were there to protest the recent arrest of Colombo's son, Joseph Colombo Jr., on a charge of conspiracy to melt down old U.S. silver coins (the mintage of which had ceased five years earlier) into ingots (the charge was later dismissed when the chief witness against the junior Colombo admitted to having committed perjury). Prior to this, the senior Colombo had complained of unfair harassment of him and his family by various federal law-enforcement authorities, who alleged that Colombo was the boss of one of New York City's five Mafia families — a charge he repeatedly denied.
The 30 demonstrators who appeared at the FBI building were joined by others in successive days, and ultimately their number grew to more than 5,000. The group then adopted the name "Italian-American Civil Rights League" after Colombo's attorney, Barry Slotnick, had suggested it. A logo, consisting of the numeral "1" superimposed upon a map of the
United States, with the organization's name encircling it, was then devised. The logo invoked Christopher Columbus, an Italian that opened the Americas up to European colonization.
Within two months, the organization claimed 45,000 dues-paying members, and held a large rally in
Columbus Circleon June 28, 1970. The league gained further momentum when Frank Sinatraheld a benefit concertin its honor at Madison Square Gardenin November of that year.
The group then turned its attention to what it perceived as cultural slights against Italian-Americans, using
boycottthreats to force Alka-Seltzerand General Motors to withdraw televisioncommercials the league objected to, and also got United States Attorney GeneralJohn Mitchell to order the United States Justice Departmentto stop using the word "Mafia" in official documents and press releases. The league also secured an agreement from Al Ruddy, the producer of " The Godfather", to omit the terms "Mafia" and " Cosa Nostra" from the film's dialogue, and succeeded in having Macy'sstop selling a board game called "The Godfather Game".
In the spring of 1971, the IACRL announced that it had purchased land for use as a summer camp, known as Camp Unity, in upstate
Rosendale, New York. The camp covered 250 acres (1 km²) and was open to all underprivileged New York City youth, regardless of ethnic background.
June 28, 1971, the league held another rally in Columbus Circle. At the rally, Colombo was shot three times in the head by an African-Americannamed Jerome Johnson (who was then immediately shot and killed himself); the blast left Colombo in a coma from which he would never recover (he died on May 22, 1978). Theories abounded as to the motive for the shooting; the most commonly-held belief was that other Mafia bosses in New York ordered the hit because they did not like the media attention Colombo and the group were receiving. The organization, at that time believed to number more than 100,000, had effectively disappeared within a year after the shooting.
For over 25 years, the Italian American Civil Rights League continues to help thousands of youth every year, in the New York City area, through federal funding and grants to help deliver benefits of jobs, community services and youth programs throughout the area.
* [http://www.crimelibrary.com/gangsters_outlaws/family_epics/colombo/1.html Crime Library: Colombo Family] Chronicle of 1971 rally in Columbus Circle by the Italian-American Civil Rights League.
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