Locomotion No 1


Locomotion No 1

Infobox Locomotive
name="Locomotion" No. 1
powertype=Steam


caption=Image courtesy of Darlington Railway Centre and Museum
builder=Robert Stephenson and Company
builddate=1825
railroad=Stockton and Darlington
firstrun=27 September 1825
whytetype=0-4-0
retiredate=1857
disposition=static display at the Darlington Railway Centre and Museum

"Locomotion" No. 1 (originally known as the "Active") is an early British steam locomotive. Built by George and Robert Stephenson's company Robert Stephenson and Company in 1825, it hauled the first train on the Stockton and Darlington Railway on 27 September 1825.

Overview

It was effectively a beam engine on wheels with vertical cylinders. It was one of the first locomotives to use coupling rods rather than chains to drive its 0-4-0 wheel arrangement.

In 1828 the boiler exploded, killing the driver. With advances in design such as those incorporated into Stephenson's "Rocket", "Locomotion" became obsolete very quickly. It was rebuilt and remained in service until 1841 when it was turned into a stationary engine. In 1857 it was preserved. Locomotion No. 1 was on display in Alfred Kitching's workshop near Hopetown Carriage Works from 1857 to the 1880s. From 1892 to 1975 it was on display on one of the platforms at Darlington's main station, Bank Top. The locomotive is now on display at the Darlington Railway Centre and Museum, located in the same building as Darlington's North Road railway station, on long-term loan from the National Railway Museum. It is now part of the National Collection. There is a replica of the locomotive at Beamish Museum.

ee also

*Locomotive No. 1 New South Wales first locomotive.

External links

* [http://www.drcm.org.uk/Content/Collections/Locomotion.htm Darlington Railway Centre and Museum]
* [http://www.pbase.com/csdesign/image/23664260 Photograph of Locomotion at the Darlington Railway Museum]
* [http://www.pbase.com/csdesign/image/50705216 Postcard of Locomotion at the Darlington Bank Top station in 1959]
* http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RAlocomotion.htm


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