Prince Sixtus of Bourbon-Parma

Prince Sixtus of Bourbon-Parma

Prince Sixtus of Bourbon-Parma (given names: "Sixtus Ferdinand Maria Ignazio Alfred Robert"; Wartegg, Switzerland, August 1 1886 - Paris, March 14 1934) was a Prince of the Duchy of Parma, a Belgian officer in the First World War, and the central figure in the Sixtus Affair.


Prince Sixtus Ferdinand was a son of the last Duke of Parma, Robert I (1848−1907) and his second wife Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal (1862−1959), daughter of King Miguel of Portugal.

On March 14 1919 Prince Sixtus Ferdinand married in Paris Princess Hedwig de la Rochefoucauld (1896−1986), daughter of Duke Armand von Doudeauville and his wife Princess Louise Radziwill. They had one daughter :
* Princess Isabella Marie Antoinette Louise Hedwig (1922), who in 1943 married Count Roger Alexander Lucien de la Rochefoucauld (1915−1970, murdered), son of Count Pierre Paul (1887−1970) and his wife Henriette Marguerite Marie de la Roche (1892−1980).

During World War I Prince Sixtus and his brother Prince Xavier enlisted in the Belgian Army. Several of their older brothers were officers in the Austrian Army.
His sister Zita of Bourbon-Parma was even married to Archduke Charles of Austria, who became the Austrian Emperor on November 21 1916.

In 1917, Emperor Charles I secretly entered into peace negotiations with France, with his brother-in-law Sixtus as intermediary, without the knowledge of his ally Germany. When news of the overture leaked in April 1918, Charles I denied involvement until the French prime minister Georges Clemenceau published letters signed by him. This led to an even more dependent position of Austria with respect to its seemingly wronged German ally.
This affair is known as the Sixtus Affair.


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1= 1. Prince Sixtus of Bourbon-Parma
2= 2. Robert I, Duke of Parma
3= 3. Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal
4= 4. Charles III, Duke of Parma
5= 5. Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of France
6= 6. Miguel of Portugal
7= 7. Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
8= 8. Charles II, Duke of Parma
9= 9. Maria Teresa of Savoy
10= 10. Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry
11= 11. Princess Caroline Ferdinande Louise of the Two Sicilies
12= 12. John VI of Portugal
13= 13. Infanta Charlotte of Spain
14= 14. Constantine, Hereditary Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
15= 15. Princess Marie Agnes Henriette of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
16= 16. Louis of Etruria
17= 17. Infanta Maria Louisa of Spain
18= 18. Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia
19= 19. Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este
20= 20. Charles X of France
21= 21. Princess Marie Thérèse of Savoy
22= 22. Francis I of the Two Sicilies
23= 23. Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria
24= 24. Peter III of Portugal
25= 25. Maria I of Portugal
26= 26. Charles IV of Spain
27= 27. Princess Maria Luisa of Parma
28= 28. Karl V, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
29= 29. Countess Sophie Luise of Windisch-Graetz
30= 30. Carl Ludwig III, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
31= 31. Countess Amalie Henriette Charlotte of Solms-Baruth


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