- Uttar Pradesh Police
Uttar Pradesh Police (UPP) ( _hi. उत्तर प्रदेश पुलिस, _ur. اتر پردیش پلس) is the police force of the state of
Uttar Pradesh. UP Police is the largest police force in the world working under a single command. [ [http://uppolice.up.nic.in/phq.html phq ] ] The Uttar Pradesh Police was formed in 1861 when the Indian Police Act came to be operational. The Head Quarters of the Uttar Pradesh Police is located in Allahabadsince that time.
The various units/wings of the U.P Police are
1. Training Directorate
2. Criminal Investigation Department (CID)
3. Special Enquiry Cell
4. Anti Corruption Organization (ACO)
5. Human Rights Cell
6. Anti-Terrorist Squad (ATS)
7. Intelligence Department
8. Economic Offences Wing (EOW)
9. Technical Services
10. Government Railway Police (GRP)
11. Police Telecom
12. Special Task Force (STF)
13. Uttar Pradesh Fire Service
14. Traffic Directorate
15. Inter-State Border Force (UPPISBF)
16. Provincial Armed Constabulary (PAC)
For the purpose of maintaining law and order in the state, the state of
Uttar Pradeshis divided into 8 Police zones. Each zone is headed by an officer of the rank of Inspector General of Policewho is an officer of the Indian Police Service. Each Police zone is constituted by 2 to 3 Police ranges. The following is the list of the police zones.
Lucknowzone consists of the Police ranges of Lucknowand Faizabad.
Bareillyzone consists of the Police ranges of Bareillyand Moradabad.
Meerutzone consists of the Police ranges of Meerutand Saharanpur.
Agrazone consists of the Police ranges of Agraand Aligarh.
Kanpurzone consists of the Police ranges of Kanpurand Jhansi.
Allahabadzone consists of the Police ranges of Allahabadand Chitrakoot( Banda).
Varanasizone consists of the Police ranges of Varanasi, Mirzapurand Azamgarh.
Gorakhpurzone consists of the Police ranges of Gorakhpur, Bastiand Devipatan ( Gonda).
There are a total of 18 Police ranges in the state of
Uttar Pradesh. Each range is headed by an officer of the rank of Deputy Inspector General of Police. Each Police range is consituted by around 2 to 4 districts. The following are the Police ranges in Uttar Pradesh.
The Lucknow range consists of the districts of
Lucknow, Unnao, Sitapur, Hardoi, Rae Bareli, Kheri.
The Faizabad range consists of the districts of
Faizabad, Barabanki, Sultanpur, Ambedkar Nagar.
The Bareilly range consists of the districts of
Bareilly, Shahjahanpur, Pilibhit, Badayun.
The Moradabad range consists of the districts of
Moradabad, Jyotiba Phule Nagar, Rampur, Bijnor.
The Meerut range consists of the districts of
Meerut, Baghpat, Ghaziabad, Bulandshahr, Gautam Budh Nagar.
The Saharanpur range consists of the districts of
The Agra range consists of the districts of
Agra, Mathura, Firozabad, Mainpuri.
The Aligarh range consists of the districts of
Aligarh, Hathras, Etah, Kanshiram Nagar( Kasganj).
The Kanpur range consists of the districts of
Kanpur Nagar, Kanpur Dehat, Auraiya, Kannauj, Farrukhabad, Etawah.
The Jhansi range consists of the districts of
Jhansi, Jalaun( Orai), Lalitpur.
The Allahabad range consists of the districts of
Allahabad, Kaushambi, Pratapgarh, Fatehpur.
Chitrakoot( Banda) range
The Chitrakoot (
Banda) range consists of the districts of Chitrakoot, Hamirpur, Banda, Mahoba.
The Varanasi range consists of the districts of
Varanasi, Chandauli, Jaunpur, Ghazipur.
The Mirzapur range consists of the districts of
Mirzapur, Bhadohi, Sonbhadra.
The Azamgarh range consists of the districts of
Azamgarh, Mau, Ballia.
The Gorakhpur range consists of the districts of
Gorakhpur, Maharajganj, Kushinagar, Deoria.
The Basti range consists of the districts of
Basti, Siddharth Nagar, Sant Kabir Nagar( Khalilabad).
Devipatan( Gonda) range
The Devipatan (Gonda) range consists of the districts of
Gonda, Balrampur, Shravasti, Bahraich.
There are totally 71 Police districts in the state. In each district the head of the
Policeis the Senior Superintendent of Policewho is always an officer of the Indian Police Service. In discharge of his duties he is assisted by Additional Superintendents of Police (Addl. S.P.), Deputy Superintendents of Police (Dy. S.P.) who are officers of the Provincial Police Service/ Uttar PradeshState Police Service. The number of Addl. S.Ps and Dy. SPs varies with the size, population, police work or nature of police work in different districts. The number of Addl.S.Ps and Dy.S.Ps in districts like Lucknow, Kanpur Nagar, Agra, Varanasi, Meerut, Allahabadis considerably more than other districts. Whereas in smaller districts like Baghpat, Kannauj, Mahoba, Chandaulithe number of the state police service is relatively lesser.
Typically, a police district in the state corresponds with the administrative district. Though, the head of the Police force in the district is the
Senior Superintendent of Policewho is always an officer of the Indian Police Service, the ultimate/final responsibility with regard to the maintenance of the law and order in the district lies with the District Magistratewho is an officer of the Indian Administrative Service. The Police district is further sub-divided into Police sub-divisions or Police Circles. A Police Circle is usually headed by an officer of the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police. The officer heading the Police Circle/Sub-Division is designated as the Circle Officer(C.O.) in the state of Uttar Pradesh. A Police Circle is usually constituted by 2 to 4 Police Stations. Each Police Stationis headed by a Police Inspectoror a Police Sub-Inspector. Throughout the state of Uttar Pradeshand other states, especially in North India, there is a main Police Station in the older/main part of the city known as the Kotwali. The Kotwalicovers the main or usually the older part of the town/city under its jurisdiction. Earlier, when the cities and towns were smaller and had lesser population than at present and they hadn't gown in size so much, the Kotwalicovered the main town area of the cities or the districts. A police station is also called as a Thanain the local language. The officer in charge of a Police Stationis designated as or called as the Station Officer(S.O.) or Station House Officer(S.H.O). He is assisted by various Sub-Inspectors, Assistant Sub-Inspectors, Head-Constables, Constables. There are also a number of Police Chowkis that come under the Police Station. A Police Chowkiis under the charge of a Sub-Inspectorof Policeor an Assistant Sub-Inspector of Police. The regular constabulary carries the bulk of normal beat policing and patrolling.
The Uttar Pradesh Police has been accused of its record of human rights violations. The late Justice A.N. Mulla once observed that the UP Police force was an "organized gang of criminals". [http://www.tribuneindia.com/2007/20070627/edit.htm#3]
* Official Website : http://uppolice.up.nic.in/
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