Uttar Pradesh Police


Uttar Pradesh Police

Uttar Pradesh Police (UPP) ( _hi. उत्तर प्रदेश पुलिस, _ur. اتر پردیش پلس) is the police force of the state of Uttar Pradesh. UP Police is the largest police force in the world working under a single command. [ [http://uppolice.up.nic.in/phq.html phq ] ] The Uttar Pradesh Police was formed in 1861 when the Indian Police Act came to be operational. The Head Quarters of the Uttar Pradesh Police is located in Allahabad since that time.

Unit/Wings

The various units/wings of the U.P Police are

1. Training Directorate

2. Criminal Investigation Department (CID)

3. Special Enquiry Cell

4. Anti Corruption Organization (ACO)

5. Human Rights Cell

6. Anti-Terrorist Squad (ATS)

7. Intelligence Department

8. Economic Offences Wing (EOW)

9. Technical Services

10. Government Railway Police (GRP)

11. Police Telecom

12. Special Task Force (STF)

13. Uttar Pradesh Fire Service

14. Traffic Directorate

15. Inter-State Border Force (UPPISBF)

16. Provincial Armed Constabulary (PAC)

Zones

For the purpose of maintaining law and order in the state, the state of Uttar Pradesh is divided into 8 Police zones. Each zone is headed by an officer of the rank of Inspector General of Police who is an officer of the Indian Police Service. Each Police zone is constituted by 2 to 3 Police ranges. The following is the list of the police zones.

1. Lucknow zone

The Lucknow zone consists of the Police ranges of Lucknow and Faizabad.

2. Bareilly zone

The Bareilly zone consists of the Police ranges of Bareilly and Moradabad.

3. Meerut zone

The Meerut zone consists of the Police ranges of Meerut and Saharanpur.

4. Agra zone

The Agra zone consists of the Police ranges of Agra and Aligarh.

5. Kanpur zone

The Kanpur zone consists of the Police ranges of Kanpur and Jhansi.

6. Allahabad zone

The Allahabad zone consists of the Police ranges of Allahabad and Chitrakoot (Banda).

7. Varanasi zone

The Varanasi zone consists of the Police ranges of Varanasi, Mirzapur and Azamgarh.

8. Gorakhpur zone

The Gorakhpur zone consists of the Police ranges of Gorakhpur, Basti and Devipatan (Gonda).

Ranges

There are a total of 18 Police ranges in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Each range is headed by an officer of the rank of Deputy Inspector General of Police. Each Police range is consituted by around 2 to 4 districts. The following are the Police ranges in Uttar Pradesh.

1. Lucknow range

The Lucknow range consists of the districts of Lucknow, Unnao, Sitapur, Hardoi, Rae Bareli, Kheri.

2. Faizabad range

The Faizabad range consists of the districts of Faizabad, Barabanki, Sultanpur, Ambedkar Nagar.

3. Bareilly range

The Bareilly range consists of the districts of Bareilly, Shahjahanpur, Pilibhit, Badayun.

4. Moradabad range

The Moradabad range consists of the districts of Moradabad, Jyotiba Phule Nagar, Rampur, Bijnor.

5. Meerut range

The Meerut range consists of the districts of Meerut, Baghpat, Ghaziabad, Bulandshahr, Gautam Budh Nagar.

6. Saharanpur range

The Saharanpur range consists of the districts of Saharanpur, Muzaffarnagar.

7. Agra range

The Agra range consists of the districts of Agra, Mathura, Firozabad, Mainpuri.

8. Aligarh range

The Aligarh range consists of the districts of Aligarh, Hathras, Etah, Kanshiram Nagar (Kasganj).

9. Kanpur range

The Kanpur range consists of the districts of Kanpur Nagar, Kanpur Dehat, Auraiya, Kannauj, Farrukhabad, Etawah.

10. Jhansi range

The Jhansi range consists of the districts of Jhansi, Jalaun (Orai), Lalitpur.

11. Allahabad range

The Allahabad range consists of the districts of Allahabad, Kaushambi, Pratapgarh, Fatehpur.

12. Chitrakoot (Banda) range

The Chitrakoot (Banda) range consists of the districts of Chitrakoot, Hamirpur, Banda, Mahoba.

13. Varanasi range

The Varanasi range consists of the districts of Varanasi, Chandauli, Jaunpur, Ghazipur.

14. Mirzapur range

The Mirzapur range consists of the districts of Mirzapur, Bhadohi, Sonbhadra.

15. Azamgarh range

The Azamgarh range consists of the districts of Azamgarh, Mau, Ballia.

16. Gorakhpur range

The Gorakhpur range consists of the districts of Gorakhpur, Maharajganj, Kushinagar, Deoria.

17. Basti range

The Basti range consists of the districts of Basti, Siddharth Nagar, Sant Kabir Nagar (Khalilabad).

18. Devipatan (Gonda) range

The Devipatan (Gonda) range consists of the districts of Gonda, Balrampur, Shravasti, Bahraich.

Districts

There are totally 71 Police districts in the state. In each district the head of the Police is the Senior Superintendent of Police who is always an officer of the Indian Police Service. In discharge of his duties he is assisted by Additional Superintendents of Police (Addl. S.P.), Deputy Superintendents of Police (Dy. S.P.) who are officers of the Provincial Police Service/Uttar Pradesh State Police Service. The number of Addl. S.Ps and Dy. SPs varies with the size, population, police work or nature of police work in different districts. The number of Addl.S.Ps and Dy.S.Ps in districts like Lucknow, Kanpur Nagar, Agra, Varanasi, Meerut, Allahabad is considerably more than other districts. Whereas in smaller districts like Baghpat, Kannauj, Mahoba, Chandauli the number of the state police service is relatively lesser.

Typically, a police district in the state corresponds with the administrative district. Though, the head of the Police force in the district is the Senior Superintendent of Police who is always an officer of the Indian Police Service, the ultimate/final responsibility with regard to the maintenance of the law and order in the district lies with the District Magistrate who is an officer of the Indian Administrative Service. The Police district is further sub-divided into Police sub-divisions or Police Circles. A Police Circle is usually headed by an officer of the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police. The officer heading the Police Circle/Sub-Division is designated as the Circle Officer (C.O.) in the state of Uttar Pradesh. A Police Circle is usually constituted by 2 to 4 Police Stations. Each Police Station is headed by a Police Inspector or a Police Sub-Inspector. Throughout the state of Uttar Pradesh and other states, especially in North India, there is a main Police Station in the older/main part of the city known as the Kotwali. The Kotwali covers the main or usually the older part of the town/city under its jurisdiction. Earlier, when the cities and towns were smaller and had lesser population than at present and they hadn't gown in size so much, the Kotwali covered the main town area of the cities or the districts. A police station is also called as a Thana in the local language. The officer in charge of a Police Station is designated as or called as the Station Officer (S.O.) or Station House Officer (S.H.O). He is assisted by various Sub-Inspectors, Assistant Sub-Inspectors, Head-Constables, Constables. There are also a number of Police Chowkis that come under the Police Station. A Police Chowki is under the charge of a Sub-Inspector of Police or an Assistant Sub-Inspector of Police. The regular constabulary carries the bulk of normal beat policing and patrolling.

Controversies

The Uttar Pradesh Police has been accused of its record of human rights violations. The late Justice A.N. Mulla once observed that the UP Police force was an "organized gang of criminals". [http://www.tribuneindia.com/2007/20070627/edit.htm#3]

References

External links

* Official Website : http://uppolice.up.nic.in/


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