- Pannonian Basin
The Pannonian Basin or Carpathian Basin is a large basin in
Central Europe. The basin forms a topographically discrete unit set in the European landscape, surrounded by imposing geographic boundaries that have created a fairly unified cultural area that looks more towards the south and east than to the north and west. The rivers Danubeand Tiszadivide the basin roughly in half.
The geomorphological term
Pannonian Plainis more widely used for roughly the same region though with a somewhat different sense (meaning only the lowlands).
:"For the geographical characteristics and history of the region, see:
The term "Carpathian Basin" (named like this because of the long Carpathian border) has been translated from Hungarian literature, while the
South Slavic languages(Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovenian and Macedonian), as well as Slovak and German, use the corresponding terms of "Pannonian Basin". [ [http://www.cbqmalacology.org/] ] In English, both names can be used.
In Hungarian, the basin is known as "Kárpát-medence", in Serbian and Bosnian as "Panonski basen", in Croatian as "Panonska nizina", Панонски басен, in Slovak as "Panónska kotlina", in Slovenian as "Panonska kotlina" and in German as "Pannonisches Becken".
In the English language "Pannonian Basin" or "Carpathian Basin" are generally not used as geographical terms. Instead, the term
Pannonian Plainis used in most sources, which refers to the lowland parts of the Pannonian Basin as well as those of some adjoining regions like Lower Austria, Moravia, Bosnia.
In Hungarian geographical literature various subdivisions of the
Carpathian Mountains(Inner Western Carpathians, Inner Eastern Carpathians, Southern Carpathians, Western Carpathiansand Transylvanian Plateau) are also considered parts of the Carpathian Basin on the basis of traditional geopolitical divisions.
Geography of Europe
Transdanubian Medium Mountains
Zentai László A Kárpát-medence és környékének domborzata
Kingdom of Hungary
* [http://www.sci.u-szeged.hu/ABS/Acta%20HP/44-75.pdf Anthropological sketch of the prehistoric population]
* [http://mek.oszk.hu/00000/00093/index.phtml Zentai László's account of the Basin formation]
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