Tlaxiaco


Tlaxiaco

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Heroica Ciudad de Tlaxiaco
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imagesize = 200px
image_caption = Monumental clock in Tlaxiaco


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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = MEX
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Oaxaca
subdivision_type2 = Municipality
subdivision_name2 = Tlaxiaco
subdivision_type3 =
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leader_title =Mayor
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established_title = Founded
established_date = ca. 400 BC
established_title2 = Town status
established_date2 = 1 October 1852
established_title3 = City status
established_date3 = 7 October 1884
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area_footnotes = (municipality)
area_total_km2 = 343.2
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population_as_of = 2005
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population_blank1_title = City
population_blank1 = 17,450
population_blank2_title = Municip.
population_blank2 = 34,587
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timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
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latd=17 |latm=16 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=97 |longm=41 |longs= |longEW=W
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 2040
elevation_ft =
postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 69800
area_code = 953
blank_name = Fiestas
blank_info = 14–21 October
blank1_name = Demonym
blank1_info = Tlaxiaqueño
website = http://www.tlaxiaco.gob.mx/
footnotes =

Tlaxiaco is a city, and its surrounding municipality of the same name, in the Mexican state of Oaxaca. It is located in the northwest portion of the state, in a region known as the Mixteca Alta, with a population of about 17,450. The city is formally known as Heroica Ciudad de Tlaxiaco("heroic city") in honour of a battle waged there during the 1862–67 French invasion. Tlaxiaco (IPA: /tla.'xia.ko/) is a Nahuatl name containing the elements "tlachtli" (ball game), "quiahuitl" (rain), and "-co" (place marker). It thus approximates to "Place where it rains on the ball court". Its name in the Mixtec language is "Ndijiinu", which means "good view".

The city

The city of Tlaxiaco stands at 17°16’N, 97°41’W, at 2040 metres above sea level, some 180 kilometres to the northeast of state capital Oaxaca de Juárez. To the north the municipality borders with Santiago Nundichi; to the south with San Antonio Sinicahua, San Miguel El Grande, San Esteban Atatlahuca, Santa Cruz Nundaco, Santo Tomás Ocotepec, and Putla Villa de Guerrero; to the east with Santa María del Rosario, Santa Catarina Tayata, San Cristóbal Amoltepec, and Magdalena Peñasco; and to the west with San Juan Mixtepec. The municipality covers a total surface area of 343.2 km².

Tlaxiaco is located in temperate valley, surrounded by two mountains belonging to the Sierra Mixteca: Cerro Negro and Cerro Yucuninu, the latter of which is the highest point in the municipality at 2875 above sea level. Like most of the Mixteca region, the Tlaxiaco valley is drained by the Río Balsas system, which is fed by numerous small streams that rise in the hills near the municipal seat.

The climate is subhumid temperate, with a rainy reason in the summer. The average annual temperature is 18°C, although in winter temperatures can drop to zero or below. Unlike other areas in the Mixteca region, the Tlaxiaco valley and its surrounding mountains still possess some conifer forests, inhabited by species including deers, armadillos, rabbitss and other small mammals.

XETLA, a government-run indigenous community radio station, is based in Tlaxiaco.

Notable Tlaxiaqueños

*Lila Downs, singer
*Raúl Gatica Bautista, writer

The municipality

As municipal seat, Tlaxiaco has governing jurisdiction over the following communities:

Agua Zarca, Arboleda, Atayiki, Barranca Obscura, Barrio San Miguel, Barrio San Nicolás, Benito Juárez Cuquila, Cañada Alejandro, Cañada Candelaria, Cañada del Curtidor, Cañada María (Primera Sección), Cañada María (Segunda Sección), Cabayoco, Campo de Aviación, Capilla del Carrizal, Cerrito de la Virgen, Cerro Negro, Colonia Adolfo López Mateos, Cruz Llorada, Ejido Cañada Santa María, Ejido Ojo de Agua (El Vergelito), El Apartadero, El Boquerón, El Capulín 1, El Capulín 2, El Crucero, El Mogote, El Ojite, El Sabino, El Terrero (Venustiano Carranza), El Vergel, Guadalupe Hidalgo, Ignacio Manuel Altamirano, Joya Grande, Juan Escutia Cuquila, Kilómetro Doce, La Angostura, La Barranca del Tabaco, La Corona, La Cruz Verde, La Desviación (Tierra Colorada), La Lobera 1, La Lobera 2, La Peña Negra, La Providencia, La Purísima Concepción, La Séptima Poniente, La Unión, Las Huertas, Linda Vista 1, Linda Vista 2, Llano Castro, Llano de Guadalupe, Llano de Plaza, Llano del Guajolote (Los Sánchez), Loma Aplastado, Loma del Venado, Loma Saayii, Loma Snuviji, Los Ángeles, Los Blancos, Los Cortés, Mexicalcingo de los Granados, Mogote de San Cristóbal, Nuñuma, Nueva Reforma, Ojo de Agua 1, Ojo de Agua 2, Palo de Letra, Plan de Guadalupe, Ranchería Santos, Rancho Viejo, Rancho Viejo (Eskandaba), Rancho Yosondua, Río de Arena, Río de los Pinos, Río de Ocotepec (Yutecuiñi), Río Delgado, San Bartolo, San Diego, San Felipe Tindaco, San Isidro, San Isidro Mirasol, San Juan de las Flores, San Miguel Progreso, San Pedro, San Pedro Llano Grande, San Pedro Yosotatu, San Sebastián, Santa Lucrecia, Santa María Cuquila, Santo Domingo Huendío, Snite, Tierra Azul, Tierra Blanca (San Nicolás), Tierra Colorada, Yosobee, Yosocahanu, Yososana, Yosostato, Yosostuvi, Yosotica, Yosotium, Yucahua, Yucuhillo, Yucutu, Yutendoo, and Yutenino Segunda Sección

The municipality reported a population of 34,587 in the 2005 Census, of whom 9,399 spoke an indigenous language (predominantly Mixtecan and Triqui).

The land is essentially used for habitation and small-scale agriculture, which represents the main economic activity of the municipality's inhabitants.

References

* [http://www.e-local.gob.mx/work/templates/enciclo/oaxaca/municipios/20397a.htm Tlaxiaco] "(Enciclopedia de los municipios de México)"

External links

* [http://www.tlaxiaco.com/portal/ Tlaxiaco Portal]


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Look at other dictionaries:

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