- Dark star (dark matter)
A dark star is a theoretical type of star that may have existed early in the history of the universe before conventional stars were able to form. They would be composed mostly of normal matter, like modern stars, but a high concentration of neutralino dark matter within them would generate heat via annihilation reactions between the dark-matter particles. This heat would prevent such stars from collapsing into the relatively compact sizes of modern stars and therefore prevent nuclear fusion among the normal matter atoms from being initiated.
Under this model, a dark star is predicted to be an enormous cloud of hydrogen and helium ranging between 4 and 2000 astronomical units in diameter and with a surface temperature low enough that the emitted radiation would be invisible to the naked eye.
It is possible that dark stars have endured to the modern era.[dubious ] Although they would emit no visible light they could be detectable by their emissions of gamma rays, neutrinos, and antimatter and would be associated with clouds of cold molecular hydrogen gas that normally wouldn’t harbor such energetic particles.
- Douglas Spolyar, Katherine Freese, and Paolo Gondolo, "Dark matter and the first stars: a new phase of stellar evolution", Physical Review Letters, January (2008)
- Katherine Freese, Paolo Gondolo, and Douglas Spolyar "The Effect of Dark Matter on the First Stars: A New Phase of Stellar Evolution", Proceedings of First Stars III, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 16-20 July (2007).
- Moore, Nicole (2-Dec-2007). "Dark matter powered the first stars, physicists speculate" (Press release). University of Michigan. http://www.ns.umich.edu/htdocs/releases/story.php?id=6230.
- Siegel, Lee (2-Dec-2007). "Were the first stars dark?" (Press release). University of Utah. http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2007-12/uou-wtf113007.php.
- Spolyar, Douglas; Katherine Freese, Paolo Gondolo (2007-12-03). "Dark matter in newborn universe doused earliest stars". Physical Review Letters (Reported in Physorg.com). http://www.physorg.com/news115880789.html. Retrieved 2007-12-04. News Report
- Katherine Freese, Peter Bodenheimer, Paolo Gondolo, Douglas Spolyar (2008). "Dark Stars: the First Stars in the Universe may be powered by Dark Matter Heating". arXiv:0812.4844 [astro-ph].
Formation · Pre–main sequence · Main sequence · Horizontal branch · Asymptotic giant branch · Dredge-up · Instability strip · Red clump · PG1159 star · Mira variable · Planetary nebula · Protoplanetary nebula · Luminous red nova · Luminous blue variable · Wolf–Rayet star · Supernova impostor · Supernova · Hypernova · Hertzsprung–Russell diagram · Color–color diagram
Protostars Luminosity class Spectral classification Remnants Failed and
Nucleosynthesis Structure Properties Star systems Earth-centric
Star names · Arabic names · Chinese names · Most massive · Least massive · Largest · Brightest (Historical) · Most luminous · Nearest (Nearest bright) · Stars with exoplanets · Brown dwarfs · Planetary nebulae · Novae · Notable supernovae · Supernova remnants · Supernova candidates · Timeline of stellar astronomy
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