Infobox musical artist
Name = Hawkwind

Img_capt = Hawkwind at Rockfield Studios, 1972
Img_size =
Landscape =
Background = group_or_band
Alias = Hawklords
Psychedelic Warriors
Sonic Assassins
Hawkwind Zoo
Origin = Ladbroke Grove, England
Genre = Space rock, progressive rock, psychedelic rock, hard rock, proto punk
Years_active = 1969–present
Label = U.A., Charisma, Bronze, RCA/Active, Flicknife, GWR, EBS, Voiceprint
Associated_acts = Motörhead
Space Ritual
URL = [http://www.hawkwind.com/ www.hawkwind.com]
Current_members = Dave Brock
Mr Dibs
Tim Blake
Richard Chadwick
Past_members = Nik Turner
John Harrison
Huw Lloyd-Langton
Dik Mik
Terry Ollis
Robert Calvert
Dave Anderson
Del Dettmar
Simon King
Simon House
Alan Powell
Paul Rudolph
Adrian Shaw
Harvey Bainbridge
Steve Swindells
Martin Griffin
Ginger Baker
Keith Hale
Alan Davey
Danny Thompson Jr
Bridget Wishart
Ron Tree
Jerry Richards
Jason Stuart

Hawkwind are a British rock band, one of the earliest space rock groups. Their lyrics favour urban and science fiction themes. Notable fantasy and science fiction writer Michael Moorcock was an occasional collaborator.


1969: Formation

Dave Brock and Mick Slattery had been in the London based blues turned psychedelic band Famous Cure, and a meeting with jazz-dance band bassist John Harrison revealed a mutual interest in electronic music that kicked off this new venture. Seventeen year old drummer Terry Ollis replied to an advert in one of the music weeklies, while Nik Turner and Michael 'Dik Mik' Davies, old acquaintances of Brock, offered help with transport and gear, but were soon pulled into the band when their respective talents for messing around on saxophones and electronics were revealed.

Gatecrashing a local talent night at the All Saints Hall, Notting Hill, they were so untogether as to not even have a name, plumping for Group X at the last minute, nor any songs, choosing to play an extended 20-minute jam on The Byrds "Eight Miles High" [Mick Slattery — [http://www.spaceritual.net/history/index.html www.spaceritual.net] ] . BBC Radio 1 DJ John Peel was in the audience and was impressed enough to tell event organiser Douglas Smith to keep an eye on them. He duly did, signed them up and got them a deal with Liberty Records on the back of a deal he was setting up for Cochise [Douglas Smith — [http://www.ibiblio.org/mal/MO/philm/friends/douglas.html Philm Freax presents...] ] .

The band settled on the name Hawkwind after briefly being billed as Hawkwind Zoo, Hawkwind being the nickname of Turner derived from his unappealing habit of clearing his throat (hawking) and excessive flatulence (wind) [ [http://www.starfarer.net/intvw999.html Mojo, September 1999] — The Egos Have Landed] . An Abbey Road session took place recording demos of "Hurry On Sundown" and others (included on the remasters version of "Hawkwind"), after which Slattery left to be replaced by Huw Lloyd-Langton, who had known Brock from his days working in a music shop selling guitar strings to the busking Brock [Vintage Guitar Magazine, February 2003 — Huw Lloyd-Langton… Gets on the move again — [http://www.huwlloyd-langton.co.uk/press.html www.huwlloyd-langton.co.uk] ] .

1970-75: United Artists era

Pretty Things guitarist Dick Taylor was brought in to produce the 1970 debut album "Hawkwind". Although it wasn't a commercial success, it did bring them to the attention of the UK underground scene finding them playing free concerts, benefit gigs and festivals. Playing free outside the Bath Festival, they encountered another Ladbroke Grove based band, the Pink Fairies, who shared similar interests in music and recreational activities, a friendship developed which led to the two bands becoming running partners and performing as Pinkwind. Their use of drugs, however, led to the departure of Harrison who didn't imbibe, followed by Lloyd-Langton after a bad LSD trip at the Isle of Wight Festival led to his having a nervous breakdown. [Mojo, September 1999 — The Egos Have Landed — [http://www.starfarer.net/intvw999.html www.starfarer.net] ]

1971's follow up album "In Search of Space" brought greater commercial success, reaching #18 on the UK album charts, and also saw the band's image and philosophy take shape, courtesy of graphic artist Barney Bubbles and underground press writer Robert Calvert, as depicted in the accompanying "Hawklog" booklet which would further be developed into the "Space Ritual" stage show. Science fiction author Michael Moorcock and dancer Stacia also started contributing to the band. Dik Mik had left the band, his place being taken by sound engineer Del Dettmar, but chose to return for this album giving the band two electronics players. Bass player Dave Anderson, who had been in the German band Amon Duul II had also joined but departed before its release due to personal tensions with some other members of the band [Hawkwind Family Tree, Pete Frame 1979 [http://www.hawkwindmuseum.co.uk/fp1.jpg] ] . Meanwhile, unhappy with the commercial direction the band were heading in, Ollis also chose to leave. [The Saga of Hawkwind (pp95) — Carol Clerk]

title=Hawkwind — "Silver Machine"
description=28 seconds (of 4:39)

The addition of bassist Lemmy and drummer Simon King propelled the band to greater heights. One of the first gigs this band played was a benefit for the Greasy Truckers at The Roundhouse on 13 February 1972 and a resultant single "Silver Machine" was released, reaching #3 in the UK charts. This generated sufficient funds for the subsequent album "Doremi Fasol Latido" Space Ritual tour. The show featured dancers Stacia and Miss Renee, mime artist Tony Crerar and a light show by Liquid Len and is immortalised on the elaborate package "Space Ritual". At the height of their success in 1973, the band released the single "Urban Guerrilla" which coincided with an IRA bombing campaign in London, so the BBC refused to play it and the band's management reluctantly decided to withdraw it fearing accusations of opportunism. [NME, 1 September 1973 — News [http://www.hawkwindmuseum.co.uk/micro.htm www.hawkwindmuseum.co.uk] ]

Dik Mik departed during 1973 and Calvert ended his association with the band to concentrate on solo projects. Dettmar also indicated that he was to leave the band, so Simon House was recruited as keyboardist and violinist playing live shows, a North America tour and recording the 1974 album "Hall of the Mountain Grill". Dettmar left after a European tour, emigrating to Canada, whilst Alan Powell deputised for an incapacitated King on that European tour, but remained giving the band two drummers.

At the beginning of 1975, the band recorded the album "Warrior on the Edge of Time" in collaboration with Michael Moorcock loosely based on his Eternal Champion figure. However, during a North America tour in May, Lemmy was caught in possession of amphetamine crossing the border from the USA into Canada. The border police mistook the powder for cocaine and he was jailed, forcing the band to cancel some shows. Fed up with his erratic behaviour, the band fired the bass player [NME, 28th June 1975 — The Trials Of Lemmy — [http://www.motorhead.ru/int7trials.htm] ] replacing him with their long standing friend and former Pink Fairies guitarist Paul Rudolph. Lemmy then teamed up with another Pink Fairies guitarist, Larry Wallis, to form Motörhead, named after the last song he had written for Hawkwind.

1976-78: Charisma era

Robert Calvert made a guest appearance with band for their headline set at the Reading Festival in August 1975, after which he chose to rejoin the band as a full-time vocalist and front man. Stacia, on the other hand, chose to relinquish her dancing duties and settle down to family life. The band changed record company to Charisma Records and band management from Douglas Smith to Tony Howard.

1976's "Astounding Sounds, Amazing Music" is the first album of this era and highlights both Calvert's well crafted lyrics written with stage performance in mind and a greater proficiency and scope in the music. But on the eve of recording the follow-up "Back on the Streets" single, Turner was sacked for his erratic live playingHawkwind Family Tree, Pete Frame 1979] and Powell was deemed surplus to requirements. After a tour to promote the single and during rehearsals for the next album, Rudolph was also sacked for allegedly trying to steer the band into a musical direction at odds with Calvert and Brock's vision.

Adrian "Ade" Shaw, who as the bass player for Magic Muscle had supported Hawkwind on the "Space Ritual" tour, came in for the 1977 album "Quark, Strangeness and Charm". The band continued to enjoy moderate commercial success, but Calvert's mental illness often caused problems. A manic phase saw the band abandon a European tour in France [NME, 12th November 1977 — Hawklord in KGB Wedding Affair — [http://www.kadu.demon.co.uk/pages/bobswedding.html Jon's Attic] ] , while a depression phase during a 1978 North American tour convinced Brock to disband the group [This Is Hawkwind, Do Not Panic, Chapter 6 — Kris Tait] . In between these two tours, the band had recorded the album "PXR5" in January 1978, but its release was delayed until 1979.

On 23 December 1977 in Barnstaple, Brock and Calvert had performed a one-off gig with Devon band Ark as the Sonic Assassins, and looking for a new project in 1978, bassist Harvey Bainbridge and drummer Martin Griffin were recruited from this event. Steve Swindells was recruited as keyboard player. The band was named Hawklords, probably for legal reasons having recently split with their management, and recording took place on a farm in Devon using a mobile studio resulting in the album "25 Years On". King had originally been the drummer for the project but quit during recording sessions to return to London, while House, who had temporarily left the band to join a David Bowie tour, elected to remain with Bowie fulltime, but nevertheless did contribute violin to these sessions. At the end of the album's UK tour, Calvert, wanting King back in the band, fired Griffin, then promptly resigned himself, choosing to pursue a career in literature [ [http://aural-innovations.com/issues/issue18/03_jones.html Aural Innovations, Issue 18] — Working Down A Diamond Mine] . Swindells left to record a solo album after an offer had been made to him by the record company ATCO.


In late 1979, Hawkwind reformed with Brock, Bainbridge and King being joined by Huw Lloyd-Langton (who had played on the debut album) and Tim Blake (formerly of Gong), embarking upon a UK tour despite not having a record deal or any product to promote. Some shows were recorded and a deal was made with Bronze Records resulting in the "Live Seventy Nine" album, quickly followed by the studio album "Levitation". However, during the recording of "Levitation" King quit and Ginger Baker was drafted in for the sessions, but he chose to stay with the band for the tour, during which Tim Blake left to be replaced by Keith Hale.

In 1981 Baker and Hale left after their insistence that Bainbridge should be sacked was declined [This Is Hawkwind, Do Not Panic, Chapter 7 — Kris Tait] , and Brock and Bainbridge elected to handle synthesizers and sequencers themselves with drummer Griffin from the Hawklords rejoining. Three albums, which again saw Michael Moorcock contributing lyrics and vocals, were recorded for RCA/Active: "Sonic Attack", the electronic "Church of Hawkwind" and "Choose Your Masques". This band headlined the 1981 Glastonbury Festival and made an appearance at the 1982 Donnington Monsters of Rock Festival, as well as continuing to play the summer solstice at Stonehenge Free Festival.

Nik Turner had returned as a guest for the 1982 "Choose Your Masques" tour and was invited back permanently. Further tours ensued with Dead Fred Reeves augmenting the line-up on keyboards and violin, but neither Turner nor Reeves would appear on the only recording of 1983/84, "The Earth Ritual Preview", but there was a guest spot for Lemmy. The "Earth Ritual" tour was filmed for Hawkwind's first ever video release, "Night of the Hawk". Alan Davey was a young fan of the band who had sent a tape of his playing to Brock [Hawkfan 13 — A Chat With Alan Davey — [http://www.hawkwindmuseum.co.uk/alan3.htm www.hawkwindmuseum.co.uk] ] , and Brock chose to oust Reeves moving Bainbridge from bass to keyboards in order to accommodate Davey. This experimental line-up played at the Stonehenge Free Festival in 1984, which was filmed and release as "Stonehenge 84". Subsequent personal and professional tensions between Brock and Turner led to the latter's expulsion at the beginning of 1985 [Mojo, December 2005 — Hello Goodbye — [http://www.starfarer.net/clippings12.html www.starfarer.net] ] .

Brock had started using drum machines for his home demos and became increasingly frustrated at the inability of drummers to keep perfect time, leading to a succession of drummers coming and going. First, Griffin was ousted and the band tried Simon King again, but unhappy with his playing at that time, he was rejected. Andy Anderson filled in while he was also playing for The Cure, as did Robert Heaton prior to the rise of New Model Army. Lloyd Langton Group drummer John Clark did some recording sessions, Rik Martinez started the "Earth Ritual" tour but failed to end it, being replaced by Clive Deamer, who was deemed "too professional" [Music UK, March 1985 — Hawkwind — [http://mysite.wanadoo-members.co.uk/_hwpress/hw19850500muk.html HawkFanFare] ] for the band. Eventually in 1985 Danny Thompson Jr, a friend of bassist Alan Davey, was drafted in and remained almost to the end of the decade.

Hawkwind's association with Moorcock climaxed in their most ambitious project, "The Chronicle of the Black Sword", based loosely around the Elric series of books and theatrically staged with Tony Crerar as the central character. Moorcock contributed lyrics, but only performed some spoken pieces on some live dates. The tour was recorded and issued as an album "Live Chronicles" and video "The Chronicle of the Black Sword". A headline appearance at the 1986 Reading Festival was followed by a UK tour to promote the "Live Chronicles" album which was filmed and released as "Chaos". In 1988 the band recorded the album "The Xenon Codex" with Guy Bidmead, but all was not well in the band and soon after, both Lloyd-Langton and Thompson departed.


Drummer Richard Chadwick had been playing in small alternative free festival bands, most notably Bath's Smart Pils, for a decade and had frequently crossed paths with Hawkwind and Brock. He was initially invited simply to play with the band, but eventually replaced stand in drummer Mick Kirton to become the band's drummer to the present day. Bridget Wishart, an associate of Chadwick's from the festival circuit, also joined to become the band's one and only frontwoman, and this new lineup was rounded off by the return of Simon House playing lead violin. This band produced two albums, 1990s "Space Bandits" and 1991's "Palace Springs" and also filmed a 1-hour appearance for the "Bedrock TV" series.

In 1991 Bainbridge,House and Wishart departed and The band continued as a three piece relying heavily on synthesizers and sequencers to create a wall-of-sound. The 1992 album "Electric Tepee" combined hard rock and light ambient pieces, while "It is the Business of the Future to be Dangerous" is almost devoid of the rock leanings. "The Business Trip" is a record of the previous album's tour, but rockier as would be expected from a live outing. The "White Zone" album was released under the alias Psychedelic Warriors to distance itself entirely from the rock expectancy of Hawkwind.

A general criticism of techno music at that time was its facelessness and lack of personality, which the band were coming to feel also plagued them [The Saga of Hawkwind (pp413) — Carol Clerk] . Ron Tree had known the band on the festival circuit and offered his services as a frontman, and the band duly employed him for the album "Alien 4" and its accompanying tour which resulted in the album "Love in Space" and video "Love in Space".Bassist Alan Davey departed forming his own Middle-Eastern flavoured hard-rock group Bedouin and a Motörhead tribute act named Ace of Spades. His bass-playing role was picked up by singer Ron Tree and the band were joined by lead guitarist Jerry Richards (another stalwart of the festival scene, playing for Tubilah Dog who had merged with Brock's Agents of Chaos during 1988) for the albums "Distant Horizons" and "In Your Area". Rasta chanter Captain Rizz also joined the band for guest spots during live shows.


The concept of a Hawkestra, a reunion event featuring appearances from all past and present members, had originally been intended to coincide with the band's 30th anniversary and the release of the career spanning "Epocheclipse – 30 Year Anthology" set, but logistical problems delayed it until 21 October 2000. It took place at the Brixton Academy with about 20 members taking part in a 3+ hour set which was filmed and recorded. Guests included Samantha Fox who sang Silver Machine [BBC Suffolk Feature - [http://www.bbc.co.uk/suffolk/content/articles/2005/10/25/hawkwind_foster_feature.shtml Hawkwind: The Leader Speaks] ] . However, arguments and disputes over financial recompense and musical input resulted in the prospect of the event being restaged unlikely, and any album or DVD release being indefinitely shelved [The Saga of Hawkwind, Chapter 30: The Great Hawkestra Disaster — Carol Clerk] .

The Hawkestra had set a template for Brock to assemble a core band of Tree, Brock, Richards, Davey, Chadwick and to use former members as guests on live shows and studio recordings. The 2000 Christmas Astoria show was recorded with contributions from House, Blake, Rizz, Moorcock, Jez Huggett and Keith Kniveton and released as "Yule Ritual" the following year.in 2001 Davey agreed to rejoin the band permanently. Meanwhile, having rekindled relationships with old friends at the Hawkestra, Turner organised further Hawkestra gigs resulting in the formation of xhawkwind.com, a band consisting mainly of ex-Hawkwind members and playing old Hawkwind songs. An appearance at Guilfest in 2002 led to confusion as to whether this actually was Hawkwind, sufficiently irking Brock into taking legal action to prohibit Turner from trading under the name Hawkwind. Turner lost the case [The Saga of Hawkwind, Chapter 32: The Hawkwars — Carol Clerk] and the band now perform as Space Ritual.

An appearance at the Canterbury Sound Festival in August 2001, resulting in another live album "Canterbury Fayre 2001", saw guest appearances from Lloyd-Langton, House, Kniveton with Arthur Brown on "Silver Machine". The band organised the first of their own weekend festivals, named Hawkfest, in Devon in the summer of 2002. Brown joined the band in 2002 for a Winter tour which featured some Kingdom Come songs and saw appearances from Blake and Lloyd-Langton, the Newcastle show being released on DVD as "Out of the Shadows" and the London show on CD as "Spaced Out in London".

In 2005 the long anticipated new album "Take Me to Your Leader" was released. Recorded by the core band of Brock/Davey/Chadwick, contributors included new keyboardist Jason Stuart, Arthur Brown, tabloid writer and TV personality Matthew Wright, 1970s New Wave singer Lene Lovich, Simon House and Jez Huggett. This was followed in 2006 by the CD/DVD disc "Take Me to Your Future".

The band were the subject of an hour-long television documentary entitled "Hawkwind: Do Not Panic" that aired on BBC Four as part of the "Originals" series. It was broadcast on 30 March 2007 and repeated on 10 August 2007. Although Brock participated in its making he did not appear in the programme, it is alleged that he requested all footage of himself be removed after he was denied any artistic control over the documentary. [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/6music/shows/freakzone/tracklisting_20070204.shtml BBC 6 Music, Freakzone, 4 February 2007] — Nik Turner interview] [Citation | last = Cumming | first = Tim | title = Hawkwind: They're still feeling mean | journal = The Independent | date= 30 March 2007 | url = http://enjoyment.independent.co.uk/music/features/article2403301.ece ] . In one of the documentary's opening narratives regarding Brock, it is stated that he declined to be interviewed for the programme due to Nik Turner's involvement, indicating that the two men have still not been reconciled over the xhawkwind.com incident.

June 2007 saw the departure of Alan Davey, replaced by Mr Dibs. Dibs was a long standing member of the road crew and had been bassist for the bands Spacehead and Krel who had supported Hawkwind during 1992. The band performed at their annual Hawkfest festival and headlined the US festival NEARfest and played gigs in PA and NY. At the end of 2007, Tim Blake once again joined the band filling the lead role playing keyboards and theremin. The band played 5 Christmas dates, the London show being released as an audio CD and video DVD under the title "Knights of Space".

In January 2008 the band reversed its anti-taping policy, long a sore-point with many fans, announcing that it would allow audio recording and non-commercial distribution of such recordings, provided there was no competing official release. [cite web |url=http://www.hawkwindmuseum.co.uk/trading%20rules.htm |title=trade rules |accessdate=2008-01-17|date=2008-01-16 |publisher=Hawkwind Museum] At the end of 2008, Atomhenge Records (a subsidiary of Cherry Red Records) commenced the re-issuing of Hawkwind's back catalogue from the years 1976 through to 1997 with the release of two triple CD anthologies "Spirit of the Age (anthology 1976-84)" and "The Dream Goes On (anthology 1985-97)". [ [http://www.cherryred.co.uk/atomhenge/news.htm Atomhenge Records] ]

On 8 September 2008 keyboard player Jason Stuart died due to a brain haemorrhage.


Studio Albums
1970 "Hawkwind"
1971 "In Search of Space"
1972 "Doremi Fasol Latido"
1974 "Hall of the Mountain Grill"
1975 "Warrior on the Edge of Time"
1976 "Astounding Sounds, Amazing Music"
1977 "Quark, Strangeness and Charm"
1978 "25 Years On" — Hawklords
1979 "PXR5"
1980 "Levitation"
1981 "Sonic Attack"
1982 "Church of Hawkwind"
1982 "Choose Your Masques"
1985 "The Chronicle of the Black Sword"
1988 "The Xenon Codex"
1990 "Space Bandits"
1992 "Electric Tepee"
1993 "It Is the Business of the Future to Be Dangerous"
1995 "White Zone" — Psychedelic Warriors
1995 "Alien 4"
1997 "Distant Horizons"
1999 "In Your Area" — live and studio
2000 "Spacebrock" — Dave Brock solo
2005 "Take Me to Your Leader"
2006 "Take Me to Your Future"Live Albums
1973 "Space Ritual"
1980 "Live Seventy Nine"
1986 "Live Chronicles"
1991 "Palace Springs"
1994 "The Business Trip"
1996 "Love in Space"
1999 "Hawkwind 1997"
2001 "Yule Ritual"
2002 "Canterbury Fayre 2001"
2004 "Spaced Out in London"
2008 "Knights of Space"Archive Albums
1980 "The Weird Tapes Volumes 1-8" (1966-1983)
1983 "The Text of Festival" (1970-1971)
1983 "Zones" (1980 and 1982)
1984 "This Is Hawkwind, Do Not Panic" (1980 and 1984)
1984 "Bring Me the Head of Yuri Gagarin" (1973)
1984 "Space Ritual Volume 2" (1972)
1985 "Hawkwind Anthology" (1967-1982)
1987 "Out & Intake" (1982 and 1986)
1991 "BBC Radio 1 Live in Concert" (1972)
1992 "The Friday Rock Show Sessions" (1985)
1992 "Hawklords Live" (1978)
1992 "California Brainstorm" (1990)
1995 "Undisclosed Files Addendum" (1984 and 1988)
1997 "The 1999 Party" (1974)
1999 "Glastonbury 90" (1990)
1999 "" (1982)
1999 "" (1979)
2000 "Atomhenge 76" (1976)
2002 "Live 1990" (1990)


*1984 – "Night of the Hawks" – 60min concert
*1984 – "Stonehenge (Various Artists video)" – 60min concert with The Enid and Roy Harper
*1984 – "Stonehenge" - 60min concert
*1985 – "The Chronicle of the Black Sword" – 60min concert
*1986 – "Bristol Custom Bike Show" – 15min concert with Voodoo Child
*1986 – "Chaos" - 60min concert
*1989 – "Treworgey Tree Fayre" – 90min concert
*1990 – "Nottingham" – 60min TV concert
*1990 – "Bournemouth Academy" – 90min concert
*1992 – "Brixton Academy" – 90min concert
*1995 – "Love in Space" – 90min concert
*2002 – "Out of the Shadows" – 90min concert
*2008 – "Knights of Space" – 90min concert

Tributes and remixes

There have been numerous bands over the years and across the globe who have set themselves up as a Hawkwind tribute/cover act. Perhaps the most active at the time of writing is the [http://www.assassinsofsilence.com/ Assassins Of Silence] who operate mainly in and around Oxfordshire, often pulling in Huw Lloyd Langton for special appearances.
*1993 - Remixes - "Spirit Of The Age - Solstice Mixes" (4-Real Records, 4R1) 12" & CD single
*1995 - Tribute - "Assassins of Silence / Hundred Watt Violence" (Ceres Records) vinyl & CD album
*1996 - Remixes - "Future Reconstructions - Ritual Of The Solstice" (Emergency Broadcast System Records, EBS117) 2x12" & CD album
*1999 - Remixes - "Silver Machine - Infected By The Scourge Of The Earth" (EMI, DECLIPSE1999) 12" & CD single
*2000 - Tribute - "Days Of The Underground" (Godreah Records) 2CDs and (Black Widow Records) 3x12" album
*2000 - Remixes - "The Hawkwind Remix Project" (Unknown,WARLORD777CD) CD album


Dozens of musicians have passed through Hawkwind over the years, but Dave Brock has been at the heart of the band since they formed. Other members have included Lemmy (who went on to form Motörhead), Nik Turner, Harvey Bainbridge, Del Dettmar, Dik Mik, Huw Lloyd Langton, Robert Calvert, Paul Rudolph (former Pink Fairies/The Deviants member) and Twink (another Pink Fairies member) and more recently, Ron Tree as bassist and frontman. Cross-pollination with members of the Pink Fairies led to albums released under the names Pinkwind and the Hawk Fairies. The 1990 album "Space Bandits" included a female vocalist Bridget Wishart. Other members, who may have been better known for their careers outside of Hawkwind, include Ginger Baker and Arthur Brown. Of all the other band members, bass player Alan Davey has been with the band the longest, joining in 1984 and leaving in 2007 (although he did leave for a few years within this period).

Hawkwind have been known for giving credit to non-musician members of their crew, such as Liquid Len, a lighting engineer, and Stacia, a dancer. Their distinctive graphic design was created by Barney Bubbles, who later created the graphic identity for Stiff Records, where Larry Wallis (Pink Fairies and Motörhead with Lemmy) was an in-house producer.

;Note:Names in brackets indicate significant guest appearances, either live or on recordings.


Former Black Flag and current Rollins Band singer Henry Rollins is a fan, as is Jello Biafra. The Sex Pistols included "Silver Machine" in their reunion performances of 2002; while reviewers may have seen this as "ultra ironic" [http://web.archive.org/web/20040205094125/http://www.nme.com/reviews/10795.htm] , John Lydon made it clear that this was a tribute. [http://www.thefilthandthefury.co.uk/pistols/interviews/sp_john03.html] Another musician who has claimed Hawkwind as an influence is Joy Division/New Order bassist Peter Hook, who took his father to a Hawkwind concert as a teenager in an attempt to help him appreciate rock music in a more visceral fashion. The group were cited as an influence with the advent of electronica in the early 1990s thanks to their pioneering work with synthesizers and Brock's motorik-esque riffsFact|date=December 2007.

There is a tangible connection between the sound of Lemmy's later group Motörhead and that of the influential 1971-1975 group, with songs such as "Born to Go" and "Master of the Universe" during that time period played at breakneck tempos live (characteristic of punk) while containing guitar solos more reminiscent of heavy metal and psychedelic rock. With Motörhead, Lemmy would refine this into the sound of speed metalFact|date=December 2007.

Early Monster Magnet albums have a distinct Hawkwind feel, they covered Brainstorm on their 3rd album, "Superjudge" and The Right Stuff on "Monolithic Baby!".

Singer-songwriter Sam Roberts has credited Hawkwind as an influence on his music and covers the song "Hurry on Sundown" (originally on 1970s debut album Hawkwind) during concerts.

Psychadelic UK based Stoner Rock band Stick Shift have cited Hawkwind as a major influence on their sound - Particularly 1973's the Space Ritual.

Kula Shaker's Sound of Drums has a version of "Hurry On Sundown" ("Hari Om Sundown"). JJ Burnel (The Stranglers) regularly performs 1977's "Quark, Strangeness & Charm". Quoted in Carol Clerk's book, JJ says: "Quark...is a song I really...wish I'd written... It's punky as hell, and really clever. I like the energy in it, and the fact that it's just three chords and yet it made a bloody great racket... and the very intelligent lyrics, and they were funny and sexy as hell."

Grunge pioneers Mudhoney have expressed their appreciation for Hawkwind's music and covered the Hawkwind song Urban Guerrilla for a Peel Session in 2002.

Further reading

There are three biographies of Hawkwind.
* Kris Tait "This is Hawkwind: Do Not Panic" (1984, published by the band and now only available second hand)
* Ian Abrahams "Sonic Assassins" (Published by SAF publishing; ISBN 0-946719-69-1)
* Carol Clerk's "Saga of Hawkwind" (Publisher: Music Sales Limited ISBN 1-84449-101-3)


External links

* [http://www.hawkwindmuseum.co.uk/ Official Band Website]
* [http://home.clara.net/adawson/ Hawkwind Files] Comprehensive discography
* [http://www.aural-innovations.com/issues/issue13/hawk09.html Scot Heller's Review of the Hawkestra Concert]
* [http://www.ukrockfestivals.com/windsor-menu.html Hawkwind at the Windsor Free Festival]
* [http://www.ukrockfestivals.com/henge-history-1977.html Hawkwind at the Stonehenge Free Festival]
* [http://www.ukrockfestivals.com/rock-at-the-oval-9-16-72.html Hawkwind at the The Oval 1972]

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  • Hawkwind Anthology — Infobox Album Name = Anthology Volume I Type = compilation Longtype = Artist = Hawkwind Released = November 4 1985 Recorded = Various: 1967 1982 Genre = Space Rock Length = Label = Samurai Records Producer = Reviews = Last album = Space Ritual… …   Wikipedia

  • Hawkwind discography — Infobox Artist Discography Artist = Hawkwind Caption = Studio = 25 Live = 10 Compilation = 11 EP = 7 Singles = 25 B sides = Music videos = Video = Hawkwind s discography is complicated and large; this list mainly represents the core albums as… …   Wikipedia

  • Hawkwind videography — The British space rock group Hawkwind have been active since 1969, but their earliest video release is Night Of The Hawk from their Earth Ritual Tour recorded at Ipswich on the 9th March 1984. Since then, there have been numerous video releases… …   Wikipedia

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