Terrel Bell


Terrel Bell

Infobox Officeholder
name =Terrel Howard Bell


imagesize =
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caption =
order =2nd
office =United States Secretary of Education
term_start =January 22, 1981
term_end =January 20, 1985
deputy =
president =Ronald Reagan
predecessor =Shirley Hufstedler
successor =William Bennett
birth_date = November 11, 1921
birth_place = Lava Hot Springs, Idaho
death_date = death date and age|1996|6|22|1921|11|11
death_place = Salt Lake City, Utah
nationality =
party =
spouse =
relations =
children =
residence =
alma_mater =
occupation =
profession =
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Terrel Howard Bell (November 11, 1921—June 22, 1996) was the Secretary of Education and the designated survivor in the Cabinet of President Ronald Reagan.

Early life and career

Bell was born and educated in Lava Hot Springs, Idaho. When Bell was eight his father died. [ [http://gospelink.com/next/doc?book_doc_id=350106 Encyclopedia of Latter-day Saint History - BELL, TERREL H ] ] Bell graduated from the Albion Normal School in Idaho. After this he served as a school superintendent of various schools in Idaho and Wyoming.

Bell spent much of his professional career in Utah. He served as a sergeant in the Marines during World War II, and returned to Idaho to get his education. After earning a B.A. from the Southern Idaho College of Education at Albion in 1946, Bell started a career as a high school teacher and bus driver. He later earned an M.A. from the University of Idaho in 1954, and a Ph.D. in education from the University of Utah in 1961. Prior to serving as the U.S. Secretary of Education under President Reagan, Bell also served as the Utah Commissioner of Higher Education.

U.S. Secretary of Education

Appointed last in the Reagan cabinet, Bell was expected to preside over the dismantling of the Department of Education, but ran into the legal requirement that such a dismantling required legislation. He was well known, admired and repected in education circles, having risen from high school teacher through college professor to administrative positions. Bell stood out as a humble man in an administration of moneyed people -- he drove a U-Haul truck from Utah to Washington when he moved, probably the only member of the Reagan cabinet to do so.

In 1981, Bell convinced Reagan to appoint a commission to study excellence in education. The 1983 report of the National Commission on Excellence in Education, titled A Nation at Risk, started the drive for education reform with its conclusions, which included the claim that the nation was threatened by "a rising tide of mediocrity." [http://www.ed.gov/pubs/NatAtRisk/risk.html]

Resignation and post-political life

Though education's importance was highlighted by the reform drive, Reagan continued to try to reduce funding at the Department of Education. Bell served for Reagan's first term, resigning in January 1985. He returned to Utah, and joined the faculty at the University of Utah. In 1988, he published his memoir entitled "The Thirteenth Man: A Reagan Cabinet Memoir" (ISBN 0-02-902351-3).

"There are three things to emphasize in teaching: The first is motivation, thesecond is motivation, and the third is (you guessed it) motivation."Terrel H. Bell, U.S. Secretary of Education, 1981-1985(Bell, 1995)

Bell died in Salt Lake City, Utah on June 22, 1996.

Note of interest

As the last member of the cabinet to be appointed, Bell was often the one designated to stay at home during the State of the Union Address and other functions, to succeed to the presidency if all others in the chain of succession were incapacitated.Fact|date=February 2007

ee also

References

*cite web |accessdate=2007-04-22
url=http://www.millercenter.virginia.edu/Ampres/essays/reagan/cabinet/660?PHPSESSID=d6a0f5e09092993a86205bc6483fb10d
title=Secretary of Education: Terrel H. Bell (1981 - 1984)
work=Essays on Ronald Wilson Reagan and His Administration
publisher=Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia

*"The World Almanac 1997", Obituaries, p.74.


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