Blobitecture from blob architecture, blobism or blobismus are terms for a movement in
architecturein which buildings have an organic, amoeba-shaped, bulging form.cite book | last = Curl | first = James Stevens | title = A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture | origdate = 2006 | format = Paperback | edition = Second | publisher = Oxford University Press | id = ISBN 0198606788 | pages = 880 pages ] Though the term 'blob architecture' was in vogue already in the mid-1990s, the word "blobitecture" first appeared in print in 2002, in William Safire's "On Language" column in the " New York Times Magazine" in an article entitled "Defenestration". [Safire, Wiliam. "The New York Times": On Language. Defenestration. December 1 2002. ] Though intended in the article to have a derogatory meaning, the word stuck and is often used to describe buildings with curved and rounded shapes.
Origins of the term "blob architecture"
The term 'blob architecture' was coined by architect
Greg Lynnin 1995in his experiments in digital design with metaballgraphical software. Soon a range of architects and furniture designers began to experiment with this "blobby" software to create new and unusual forms. Despite its seeming organicism, blob architecture is unthinkable without this and other similar computer-aided designprograms. Architects derive the forms by manipulating the algorithms of the computer modeling platform. Some other computer aided designfunctions involved in developing this are the nonuniform rational B-splineor NURB, freeform surfaces, and the digitizing of sculpted forms by means akin to computed tomography. [John K. Waters, "Blobitecture: Waveform Architecture and Digital Design"(Rockport, 2003).]
One precedent is
Archigram, a group of English architects working in the 1960s, to which Peter Cook belonged. They were interested in inflatable architecture as well as in the shapes that could be generated from plastic. Ron Herron, also member of Archigramcreated blob-like architecture in his projects from the 1960s, such as "Walking Cities" and "Instant City", as did Michael Webbwith "Sin Centre". ["Archigram", Peter Cook, editor (Princeton Architectural Press, 1999).] There was a climate of experimental architecture with an air of psychedelia in the 1970s that these were a part of. Frederick Kiesler's unbuilt, "Endless House" is another instance of early blob-like architecture, although it is symmetrical in plan and designed before computers; his design for the Shrine of the Book(construction begun, 1965) which has the characteristic droplet form of fluid also anticipates forms that interest architects today.
Also to be considered, if one views blob architecture from the question of form rather than technology, are the organic designs of
Antoni Gaudiin Barcelona and of the Expressionists like Bruno Tautand Hermann Finsterlin.
Despite the narrow interpretation of Blob architecture (i.e. that coming from the computer), the word, especially in popular parlance, has come to be associated quite widely with a range of curved or odd-looking buildings including
Frank Gehry's Guggenheim Museum Bilbao(1997) and the Experience Music Project(2000), though these, in the narrower sense are not blob buildings, even though they were designed by advanced computer-aided design tools, CATIAin particular. [For a discussion see: Waters, John K. Ibid.] The reason for this is that they were designed from physical models rather than from computer manipulations. The first full blob building however was build in the Netherlands by Lars Spuybroek(NOX) and Kas Oosterhuis. Called the water pavilion (1993-1997) it does not only have a fully computer-based shape manufactured with computer-aided tools but also has an electronic interactive interior where sound and light can be transformed by the visitor.
A building that also can be considered an example of a blob is Peter Cook and
Colin Fournier's Kunsthaus (2003) in Graz, Austria. Other instances are Roy Mason's Xanadu House(1979), and a rare excursion into the field by Herzog & de Meuronin their Allianz Arena(2005). By 2005, Norman Foster had involved himself in blobitecture to some extent as well with his brain-shaped design for the Philological Libraryat the Free University of Berlinand the Sage Gatesheadopened in 2004.
*Lynn, Greg. "Folds, Bodies & Blobs : Collected Essays." La Lettre volée, 1998. ISBN
*Muschamp, Herbert. "The New York Times, [http://www.nytimes.com/library/arts/072300arch-muschamp.html| Architecture's Claim on the Future: The Blob] ". July 23, 2000.
*Safire, Wiliam. "The New York Times: On Language. [http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/01/magazine/01ONLANGUAGE.html?ex=1161403200&en=6fc964cebde18406&ei=5070 Defenestration] ." December 1 2002.
*Waters, John K. "Blobitecture: Waveform Architecture and Digital Design." Rockport Publishers, 2003. ISBN
url = http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4176/is_20040313/ai_n14567766
title = Prototype shows that buildings may someday be constructed by robots
author = Margaret Wertheim
date = 2004-03-13
publisher = Oakland Tribune (orig. NEW YORK TIMES)
pages = 2
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