- Treaty of Paris (1796)
The Treaty of Paris of
May 15 1796was a treatybetween the French Republic and the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardiniaduring the War of the First Coalition.
After four years of fighting, the French under Bonaparte had finally beaten the Piedmontese army in the
Battle of Montenotte, and on April 21 1796 in the Battle of Mondovi. This forced King Victor Amadeus III of Sardiniato sign an armistice at Cherascoone week later, abandoning the First Coalitionagainst the French Republic.
In the following treaty King Victor Amadeus III recognized the French Republic, ceded the original Duchy of Savoy and the
County of Niceto France and gave the French Army free passage through his territory towards the rest of Italy.The King died a few months after signing the treaty.
The French interest in Savoy had already been demonstrated in 1792 when the revolutionaries had annexed these lands as the 84th French Departement under the name Mont-Blanc. This had provoced the war with Piedmont-Sardinia.
Piedmont-Sardinia never accepted these losses and in the
Treaty of Paris (1814)they retrieved Savoy, and one year later in the Treaty of Paris (1815), the rest of these territories.
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