- Eparchy of Zahumlje and Herzegovina
The Eparchy of Zahumlje and Herzegovina (Serbian
Cyrillic: "Епархија захумско-херцеговачка") is a bishopric of the Serb Orthodox Churchwith its seat in Mostar, temporarily transferred to the Tvrdoš monastery near Trebinje, Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Eparchy of
Zahumljeand Herzegovinawas originally founded in 1219, by Saint Sava, the very same year the Serbian Orthodox Churchacquired its autocephalyfrom Constantinople. Thus, it was one of the original Serb Orthodox bishoprics.
The original seat of the Diocese of Hum, as it was called in
1219, was in Ston, in the church of the Most Holy Theotokos (Пресвете Богородице). The first bishop of Hum was Ilarion, succeeded by Sava II (son of Stefan Prvovencani), Jovan, Danilo and Stefan. The church in Ston was taken over by the Roman Catholic Churchin the 15th century after the region was included in the fiercely Roman Catholic Ragusan Republic, and has since remained Catholic.
When Hum was taken over by the Bosnian ban in the 14th century, the see of the eparchy was moved to the Monastery of Mileševo. In the 15th century, it became the Diocese of
Herzegovina, in line with the regions new name given to it by its ruler, the "Herceg of Saint Sava", Stjepan Vukčić Kosača. Apparently, it was a Bishop of Hercegovina that crowned King TvrtkoI in Mileševo in 1377as King of Serbs and all of Bosnia and Hum.
Following the fall of Herzegovina under Turkish rule, the See was frequently moved, finally to settle in Monastery
Tvrdošnear Trebinje. Following that final move, the following Bishops of the Diocese of Zahum-Hercegovina are known: Jovan (1508–1513) and Visarion, restorers of Monastery Tvrdoš ( 1508); then Marko (1524), Maksim (1532), Nikanor (1546), Antonije (1570), Savatije (1573–1585), Visarion (1592), Silvestar (1602) and Leontije (1605–1611).
Eventually, the Diocese was split with the Diocese of Mileševo breaking off.
* [http://www.spc.yu/Genocid/Zahumsko/zahumskoc.html Eparchy of Zahumlje and Herzegovina] ("in Serbian")
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