- Shamsunnahar Mahmud
birth_date = 1908
death_date = 1964
education = Diocesan College of
writer, politicianand educator
spouse = Wahiuddin Mahmud
Shamsunnahar Mahmud ( _bn. শামসুন্নাহার মাহমুদ) (1908 – 1964) was a
writer, politicianand educatorin Bengalduring the early 20th century. She was a leader of Islamic feminismin Bengalafter the death of Roquia Sakhawat Hussain[Banu 135] .
Her father, Mohammad Nurullah, was a Munsiff the son of
Khan Bahadur Abdul Azizand the father of Habibullah Bahar Chowdhury, who was Mahmud's brother. She was born in 1908 in Feni District.
Her childhood was spent in
purdahin Chittagong. She had a male Hindututor, but a clothwall was set between them during teaching[Amin 158] Shamsunnahar commenced her studies at Khastagir Girls' High School in Chittagong, and matriculated in 1926 as an independent student. In 1927, she married Wahiuddin Mahmud, who pushed his wife to pursue further studies. She received her I.A. in 1928 and B.A. in 1932 at the Diocesan College of Calcutta. After receiving the B.A., her achievement was commemorated in a reception held for her at the Sakhawat Memorial High School. In this reception, Roquia Sakhawat Hussainherself extolled her achievements as both pioneering and honorable [Amin 159] . In 1942 she completed her M.A. in the Bengali language[http://banglapedia.org/HT/M_0073.HTM Mahmud, Shamsunnahar] Banglapedia] . After her studies she joined a feministmovement pioneered by Roquia Sakhawat Hussain, a prominent social reformer [ [http://www.hindu.com/mp/2007/02/01/stories/2007020101140300.htm History in black and white] The Hindu- February 1, 2007] .
Her career began as she taught the
Bengali languageat Lady Brabourne College. While domiciled in Kolkatta, she became acquainted with Kazi Nazrul Islam, and the latter inspired to former to begin writing.
She worked as the secretary for the Nikhil Banga Muslim Mahila Samity ("All Bengal Muslim Women's Society"). She visited
Turkeyand the Middle Eastas a representative of East Pakistanin 1952. She led a delegation to the International Council of Womenin Colomboand joined the International Friendship Organizationas Asia's regional director and made visits to several Western countries, including the United States, England, France, and Italy. In 1961, she established a Center for Disabled childrenand was elected to the National Assembly in 1962.
*"Naoroz" (New Dawn)
*"Atmashakti"(Self-strength [ [http://www.miraura.org/lit/skgl/skgl-04.html Glossary of Sanskrit Terms in Integral Yoga Literature] -
Integral Yoga] )
*"Begum Mahal", 1936
*"Roquia Jibani" (The first
biographyof Roquia Sakhawat HussainPapanek 39] , 1937
*"Shishur Shiksa", 1939
*"Amar Dekha Turaska", 1956
*"Nazrulke Yeman Dekhechhi ", 1958
*Amin, Sonia. The World of Muslim Women in Colonial Bengal, 1876-1939. BRILL, 1996. ISBN 9004106421
*Banu, U. A. B. Razia Akter.Islam in Bangladesh. BRILL, 1992. ISBN 9004094970
*Papanek, Hanna.Sultana's Dream: And Selections from the Secluded Ones. Feminist Press, 1988. ISBN 0935312838
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