- Tennessee Valley
The Tennessee Valley is the
drainage basinof the Tennessee Riverand is largely within the U.S. stateof Tennessee. It stretches from southwest Kentuckyto northwest Georgia and from northeast Mississippito the mountains of Virginiaand North Carolina. The border of the valley is known as the Tennessee Valley Divide.
Tennessee Valley is also a generally accepted term for
North Alabama, anchored by the city of Huntsville.
The Tennessee Valley begins in the upper head water portions of the
Holston River, Watauga River, and Doe Riverin Northeast Tennessee and Southwest Virginia. It travels southwest into North Alabama. The roughly 150 mile (240 km) stretch within Tennessee is bound on the east by the Appalachian Mountains(including the Great Smoky Mountains) and on the west by the Cumberland Plateauand Cumberland Mountains. Near Chattanooga, Tennessee, the Tennessee Rivercuts though the Cumberland Plateau creating a canyon called the Tennessee River Gorgebefore it enters northern Alabama. The 100 mile (160 km) Alabama stretch of the valley runs mainly west before turning back north and re-entering Tennessee. In Alabama, the valley is bound on the north by the southern end of the Cumberland Plateau. On the south it is bound by the southern end of the Appalachians.
The valley continues back north into Tennessee, creating the dividing line between
Middle Tennesseeand West Tennessee, eventually reaching to the Ohio Riverin Western Kentucky.
Geologically, the eastern Tennessee Valley consists of many small valleys and ridges within a great valley. The region is termed the Ridge and Valley Province and the great valley is termed the
Great Appalachian Valley.
Knoxville, Tennessee, the most populous metropolitan area in the valley, is where the Tennessee River begins at the confluence of the Holston and the French Broad Rivers. Here, the Tennessee Valley is sometimes called the Volunteer Valley. Knoxville along with nearby Oak Ridge and Maryville-Alcoa, form a major research and manufacturing corridor anchored by the University of Tennessee, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and the Tennessee Valley Authorityheadquarters.
Chattanooga, Tennessee, is nicknamed "The Scenic City" for its vistas of the Tennessee Valley from atop the many mountaintops that surround the city. Chattanooga and its suburbs form the second most populous metropolitan area in the valley. The Battle of Chattanooga was fought on nearby Lookout Mountain.
Elizabethton, Tennessee, is a small city formerly known by the moniker "The City of Power" prior to the post World War IIera of nuclear powerproduction. It is located at the confluence of the Doe Riverand Watauga Riverdownstream from the Watauga Reservoir and the Wilbur Reservoir. Both are maintained by the Tennessee Valley Authority.
Decatur, Alabama, known as "The River City", dominated the economic landscape of north Alabama until the late 1950s, when the space racecatapaulted its neighbor Huntsville (see below) into that position. For most of the 20th century up to that point, Decatur held the top position in terms of economic impact and population. Its mixture of river transport and rail access has made it a busy hub of business, commerce, and manufacturing (chemicals and textiles especially) flowing down the river on the barges and boats of numerous companies and docking at the Port of Decatur.
**The City of Decatur also claims the nickname "The Heart of the Valley" because of its location near the exact center of the length of the Tennessee River. Also because most north/south shipping traffic is funneled through the town utilizing three river crossings that are main routes for rail and road traffic between Birmingham, and Nashville. The city is also an important river port that uses intramodal facilities to switch shipping methods between trains, trucks, and barges.
Huntsville, Alabama, has risen to be the center of north Alabama economic activity since the dawn of the space agein the 1950s. Its aerospace and military technology centers of Redstone Arsenal, Cummings Research Park, and NASA's Marshall Space Flight Centerdefine the high-tech landscape for the state of Alabama.
Scottsboro, Alabama, "the Friendly City", is located on Highway 72, 40 miles east of Huntsville. It was founded in the mid 1850s and is most famous for the Scottsboro Boysand Unclaimed Baggage Center, as well as "First Monday," an open-air marketplace held in and around downtown on Mondays following the first weekend of a month.
Interstate 24(abbreviated I-24, in keeping with other roads in the Interstate Highway System) connects Paducah, Kentucky, at the mouth of the Tennessee, with Chattanooga via Clarksville and Nashville. Much of this road's route in Kentucky and Tennessee actually lies outside the Tennessee Valley.
Interstate 26is an east-west main route of the Interstate Highway System in the Northeast Tennessee. It runs from the junction of U.S. Route 11Wand U.S. Route 23in Kingsport, Tennessee, generally south and southeast to U.S. Route 17in Charleston, South Carolina.
Interstate 40runs east-west across the Tennessee portion of the Tennessee Valley. Connecting Nashville with Knoxville and Asheville, North Carolina.
Interstate 65is the main north-south road in the central part of the valley, connecting Birmingham, Huntsville-Decatur, and Nashville.
Interstate 565/Alabama 20/Alt 72 is the main corrider of the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Areathat links the Huntsville Metropolitan Area and the Decatur Metropolitan Area, along with all of the scientific research and space exploration institutions in Northern Alabama. The road also provides a vital link to I-65 for both urban areas.
Interstate 75runs down the middle of the valley of East Tennessee. It connects Chattanooga and Knoxville with Atlanta, Georgiaand Cincinnati, Ohio.
Interstate 81is a north-south highway that connects areas east of Knoxville to the Tri-Cities of Tennessee and Virginia.
Chattanooga Metropolitan Airport, Chattanooga
Huntsville International Airport, Huntsville
McGhee Tyson Airport, Alcoa, Tennessee(serves the Knoxville metropolitan area)
Northwest Alabama Regional Airport, Muscle Shoals
Pryor Field Regional Airport, Decatur
*Tri-Cities Regional Airport (serving the Northeast Tennessee area)
Port of Decatur- Decatur
*Port of Guntersville - Guntersville
Tennessee Valley Authority
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Look at other dictionaries:
Tennessee Valley Authority — ☆ Tennessee Valley Authority n. a federal corporation organized in 1933 to provide cheap electric power, flood control, irrigation, etc. by developing the entire basin of the Tennessee River, esp. by building dams and reservoirs * * * (abbr TVA)… … Universalium
Tennessee Valley Authority — (TVA) n. U.S. federal corporation constituted in 1933 to supply economical electric power and irrigation and flood control to the Tennessee Valley by developing the Tennessee River and making dams and reservoirs … English contemporary dictionary
Tennessee Valley Authority — [ tenəsiː vælɪ ɔː θɔrɪtɪ], Abkürzung TVA [tiːviː eɪ], Behörde, die 1933 im Rahmen der Politik des New Deal in den USA gebildet wurde; Sitz Knoxville. Aufgabe war, in Fortführung älterer Projekte, die Entwicklung des Notstandsgebiets im… … Universal-Lexikon
Tennessee Valley Authority — (TVA). A government owned corporation that conducts a unified program of resource development for the advancement of economic growth in the Tennessee Valley region. The Authority s program of activities includes flood control, navigation… … Black's law dictionary
Tennessee Valley Authority — ☆ Tennessee Valley Authority n. a federal corporation organized in 1933 to provide cheap electric power, flood control, irrigation, etc. by developing the entire basin of the Tennessee River, esp. by building dams and reservoirs … English World dictionary
Tennessee Valley Authority — Infobox Company company name = Tennessee Valley Authority company company type = Government owned independent corporation company slogan = foundation = 1933 founder = location = Knoxville, Tennessee, USA key people = Tom Kilgore (current CEO)… … Wikipedia
Tennessee Valley Authority Police — Infobox Law enforcement agency agencyname = Tennessee Valley Authority Police nativename = nativenamea = nativenamer = commonname = TVA Police abbreviation = TVAP patch = Tennessee Valley Authority PD.jpg patchcaption = Tennessee Valley Authority … Wikipedia
Tennessee Valley Vipers — Afl2 team name =Tennessee Valley Vipers logo =Tennessee Valley Vipers.png conference =American division =South founded =2000 arena =Von Braun Center location =Huntsville, Alabama championships = 1 (2008) owner =Texas AF2 Holdings, LLC, in… … Wikipedia
Tennessee Valley Divide — The Tennessee Valley Divide is the eastern and southern boundary of the drainage basin of the Tennessee River and its tributaries.The Tennessee Valley Divide begins near the northeasternmost source of the Tennessee River, in the vicinity of… … Wikipedia
Tennessee Valley Authority — Pour les articles homonymes, voir TVA. La Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) est une entreprise américaine chargée de la navigation, du contrôle des crues, de la production d électricité et du développement économique de la vallée du Tennessee.… … Wikipédia en Français