Billy Budd (film)

Billy Budd (film)

Infobox_Film
name = Billy Budd


caption=
imdb_id =
writer = Peter Ustinov
Herman Melville (novel)
starring = Terence Stamp
Robert Ryan
Peter Ustinov
director = Peter Ustinov
producer = Peter Ustinov
distributor =
released = 1962
runtime = 94 min
country = UK
language = English
budget =
bo

"Billy Budd" is a 1962 film produced, directed, and co-written by Peter Ustinov. Adapted from the stage play version of Herman Melville's short novel "Billy Budd", it starred Terence Stamp as Billy Budd, Robert Ryan as John Claggart, and Peter Ustinov as Captain Vere. Stamp was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, and received a Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Male Newcomer. The film was nominated for four BAFTAs.

Plot

In the year 1797, the British naval vessel HMS Avenger (Which is changed from the book; in early drafts it was Indomitable, later ones, Bellipotent) is forced to impress a crewman from the merchant ship "The Rights Of Man." The new crewman, Billy Budd, is considered naive by his shipmates, and they attempt to indoctrinate him in their cynicism. But Budd's steadfast optimism is impenetrable, as when he is asked to critique the horrible gruel the crew must eat, he offers "It's hot. And there's a lot of it. I like everything about it except the flavor."

Though Budd manages to enchant the crew, his attempts at befriending the brutal master-at-arms, John Claggart, are unsuccessful. Claggart is cruel and unrepentant, a man who believes he must control the crew through vicious flogging; savaging them before they can prey on him. He reveals his mistrust for humanity when Budd confronts him about his discipline.

Budd: "It's wrong to flog a man. It's against his being a man."

Claggart: "The sea is calm you said. Peaceful. Calm above, but below a world of gliding monsters preying on their fellows. Murderers, all of them. Only the strongest teeth survive. And who's to tell me it's any different here on board, or yonder on dry land?"

When Claggart learns of a plot to end his life, he brings his charges to the Captain, Edward Vere. Although Claggart has no reason to implicate Budd in the conspiracy, Budd becomes a target because the crewman represents everything that Claggart despises; humility, innocence, and trust in humanity. Vere summons both Claggart and Budd to his cabin for a private confrontation. When Claggart makes his false charges that Budd is a conspirator, the accused is unable to find the words to respond and he strikes Claggart, killing him with a single blow.

Vere and all the other officers on board are fully aware of Budd's simplicity and Claggart's evil, but the captain is also torn between his morality and duty to his station. He assembles a court-martial, and then intervenes in the deliberations (which were in full support of Budd). He argues the defendant must be found guilty for even striking Claggart, Budd's superior, not to mention killing him. His arguments to pursue the letter of the law succeed, and Budd is convicted.

Condemned to be hanged from the ship's yardarm at dawn the following morning, Budd's final words are, "God bless Captain Vere!" Vere crumbles at hearing the salute. As an enemy vessel fires on the Intrepid, the crew hesitates to respond, being on the verge of mutiny after the execution. Although they eventually assemble to repel the attack, Vere stares off in the distance, alone in his guilt for the death of innocence.

Production

Not commonly a director of films, Ustinov also produces and co-stars in the feature. His dedication to the film appears to culminate from his identification to the characters in the story. He said, "I am an optimist, unrepentant and militant. After all, in order not to be a fool an optimist must know how sad a place the world can be. It is only the pessimist who finds this out anew every day."

References

External links

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См. также в других словарях:

  • Billy Budd (Film) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Billy Budd. Billy Budd est un film britannique (1962) de Peter Ustinov, tiré de l opéra homonyme de Benjamin Britten, lui même tiré du roman Billy Budd. Foretopman de Herman Melville. Fiche technique Réalisateur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Billy budd (film) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Billy Budd. Billy Budd est un film britannique (1962) de Peter Ustinov, tiré de l opéra homonyme de Benjamin Britten, lui même tiré du roman Billy Budd. Foretopman de Herman Melville. Fiche technique Réalisateur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Billy Budd (film) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Billy Budd. Billy Budd Données clés Titre original Billy Budd Réalisation Peter Ustinov Acteurs principaux …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Billy Budd (disambiguation) — Billy Budd is a short novel by Herman Melville.Billy Budd can also refer to:* Billy Budd (opera), a 1951 opera by Benjamin Britten based on Melville s novel * Billy Budd (film), a 1962 film produced, directed, and co written by Peter Ustinov,… …   Wikipedia

  • Billy Budd —    Film d aventures de Peter Ustinov, d après le roman de Herman Melville, avec Robert Ryan, Peter Ustinov, Melvyn Douglas, Terence Stamp.   Pays: Grande Bretagne   Date de sortie: 1962   Technique: noir et blanc   Durée: 2 h 05    Résumé    À la …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • Billy Budd (Roman) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Billy Budd. Billy Budd est le dernier roman posthume d’Herman Melville. Écrit avant sa mort en 1891, il n’est publié qu’en 1924. Après avoir passé une partie de sa vie en mer, l auteur y raconte des épisodes… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Billy Budd (roman) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Billy Budd. Billy Budd est le dernier roman posthume d’Herman Melville. Écrit avant sa mort en 1891, il n’est publié qu’en 1924. Après avoir passé une partie de sa vie en mer, l auteur y raconte des épisodes… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Billy budd (roman) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Billy Budd. Billy Budd est le dernier roman posthume d’Herman Melville. Écrit avant sa mort en 1891, il n’est publié qu’en 1924. Après avoir passé une partie de sa vie en mer, l auteur y raconte des épisodes… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Billy Budd — infobox Book | name = Billy Budd title orig = translator = image caption = author = Herman Melville illustrator = cover artist = country = flagicon|USA United States language = English series = genre = Novella publisher = release date = 1924… …   Wikipedia

  • Billy Budd — Umschlag der US Ausgabe von Billy Budd, 1946 Billy Budd ist der deutsche Titel des amerikanischen Kurzromans Billy Budd Sailor, in einer früheren Version auch Billy Budd Foretopman. Er wurde von Herman Melville in der Zeit zwischen 1886 und 1891… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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