Roy Medvedev


Roy Medvedev

::"For the current Russian President, see Dmitry Medvedev."

Roy Aleksandrovich Medvedev ( _ru. Рой Александрович Медведев; born November 14, 1925, Tbilisi, Georgia) is a Russian historian renowned as the author of the dissident history of Stalinism, "Let History Judge", first published in English in 1972. Medvedev became a prominent Russian politician and served as a consultant to Mikhail Gorbachev and Boris Yeltsin.

Early life and education

Roy Medvedev was the son of a prominent Soviet Marxist scholar and the identical twin brother of the biologist Zhores Medvedev. Their father was arrested in 1938, during one of Joseph Stalin's purges, and died in a labor camp in 1941.

Medvedev graduated from the Leningrad University. After joining the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1956 Medvedev pursued a teaching career before becoming a researcher in the Soviet Academy of Pedagogical Sciences.

Dissident historian

From a Marxist viewpoint, Medvedev criticized former Russian dictator Joseph Stalin, and Stalinism in general, during the Soviet era. In the early 1960s, Medvedev was engaged in "samizdat" publications. He was critical of the unscientific nature of Lysenkoism.

In 1969, Medvedev was expelled from the Communist Party after the publication of his book, "Let History Judge," that criticized Stalin and Stalinism at a time when official Soviet propagandists were trying to partially rehabilitate the former dictator. "Let History Judge" reflected the dissident thinking that emerged in the 1960s among Soviet intellectuals who, like Medvedev, sought a reformed, democratic socialism and a return to Leninism. He announced his position, along with Andrei Sakharov and others, in an open letter to the Soviet leadership in 1970.

Medvedev was often subject to house arrest and KGB harassment under Leonid Brezhnev, but managed to publish numerous critical writings on Soviet history and politics abroad. Medvedev was oppressed for his active support of democracy after he successfully published "Let History Judge" abroad in the late 1960s.

In a book co-authored with his identical twin brother, Zhores Medvedev, "A Question of Madness", Medvedev describes Zhores' Involuntary commitment in the Kaluga Psychiatric Hospital. Zhores, a dissident biologist, was questioned at the Kaluga psychiatric facilities about his involvement with samizdat, and about book he had written, "The Rise and Fall of T.D. Lysenko"; Zhores was exiled to Britain in the 1970s.

Medvedev returned to the ruling party in 1989, after Mikhail Gorbachev launched his perestroika and glasnost program of gradual political and economic reforms. He was elected to the Soviet Union's Congress of People's Deputies and was named as member of the Supreme Soviet, the permanent working body of the Congress. After the collapse of the Soviet government, Medvedev joined with dozens of other former communist deputies of the Soviet and Russian parliaments to found the Socialist Party of Working People, becoming a co-chair of the party.

He is a supporter of former President of Russia, now Prime Minister Vladimir Putin.

Publications

* "A Question Of Madness" (with Zhores Medvedev). Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York. 1971. ISBN 0-394-47900-9 ISBN 0-14-003783-7
* "Khrushchev: The Years in Power" (with Zhores Medvedev). 198 pages. Columbia University Press. 1976. ISBN 0-231-03939-5
* "On Soviet Dissent" Columbia University Press. 1979. ISBN 0-231-04812-2
* "Nikolai Bukharin: The Last Years". 176 pages. W W Norton & Co Inc. 1983. ISBN 0-393-30110-9
* "The October Revolution" 1985. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0094629005
* "Let History Judge: The Origins and Consequences of Stalinism" (Revised and expanded edition). Columbia University Press. 1989. ISBN 0-231-06350-4
* "Post-Soviet Russia: A Journey Through the Yeltsin Era" (with George Shriver). 394 pages. Columbia University Press. 2002. ISBN 0-231-10607-6
* "The Unknown Stalin" (with Zhores Medvedev). The Overlook Press. 336 pages. 2004. ISBN 1-58567-502-4

References

* "Inside Russia Today". David K. Shipler.

External links

* [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1132/is_n9_v44/ai_13469431 FindArticles.com] - 'An interview with Roy Medvedev', Fred Weir, "Monthly Review" (Feb, 1993)
* [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,910189,00.html Time.com] - 'The Brothers Medvedev', R.Z. Sheppard, "Time" (December 13, 1971)
* Roy Medvedev commentaries on Project Syndicate:
*# [http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/med1 The First And Last Soviet Parliament] , October 1999
*# [http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/medvedev2 Stalin Lives] , March 2005
*# [http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/medvedev3 Khrushchev’s Secret Speech and End of Communism] , February 2006
*# [http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/medvedev4 Let History Judge Russia’s Revolutions] , November 2007


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  • Roy Medvedev — Roy Aleksandrovitch Medvedev (en russe : Рой Александрович Медведев), né le 14 novembre 1925 à Tbilisi en Géorgie, est un historien et un dissident soviétique. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Controverse sur les victimes du Goulag …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Roy A. Medvedev — Roy Medvedev Roy Aleksandrovich Medvedev (en russe : Рой Александрович Медведев), né le 14 novembre 1925 à Tbilisi en Géorgie, est un historien et un dissident russe. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Controverse sur les victimes du Goulag 3 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Roy Aleksandrovich Medvedev — Roy Medvedev Roy Aleksandrovich Medvedev (en russe : Рой Александрович Медведев), né le 14 novembre 1925 à Tbilisi en Géorgie, est un historien et un dissident russe. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Controverse sur les victimes du Goulag 3 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Medvedev, Roy Aleksandrovich — ▪ Soviet historian and dissident born Nov. 14, 1925, Tbilisi, Georgia, U.S.S.R. [now in Georgia]       Soviet historian and dissident who was one of his country s foremost historiographers in the later 20th century.       Roy was the identical… …   Universalium

  • Medvedev, Zhores Aleksandrovich — ▪ Soviet biologist and dissident born Nov. 14, 1925, Tbilisi, Georgia, U.S.S.R. [now in Georgia]       Soviet biologist who became an important dissident historian in the second half of the 20th century.       Zhores was the identical twin… …   Universalium

  • Medvedev —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Medvedev (Медведев) est un nom de famille qui peut faire référence à : Dimitri (Dmitri) Anatolievitch Medvedev (né en 1965), homme… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Medvedev — (Russian: Медведев) and female Medvedeva (Медведева), from Russian medved, meaning the animal bear , are Russian surnames. Notable bearers of the name include: Medvedev (male form): Medvedev, Dmitry Anatolyevich (born 1965), President of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Medvedev, Roy Alexandrovich — (1925– )    Born in Tbilisi, the capital of the Soviet republic of Georgia, Medvedev has contributed to the documenting and analyzing of Stalinism, most notably in his landmark work, Let History Judge: The Origins and Consequences of Stalinism… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Zhores Medvedev — Zhores Aleksandrovich Medvedev ( ru. Жорес Медведев) (born in Tbilisi, Georgia on November 14, 1925) is a Russian biologist, historian and dissident. His twin brother is the historian Roy Medvedev.BiograhpyYouth and educationMedvedev s first name …   Wikipedia

  • Jaures Medvedev — Jaurès Medvedev Pour les articles homonymes, voir Medvedev. Jaurès Aleksandrovich Medvedev (russe : Жорес Медведев) (né en Union soviétique le 14 novembre 1925) est un biologiste et ancien dissident russe. Il est le frère jumeau de l… …   Wikipédia en Français


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