Ionization energies of the elements


Ionization energies of the elements

These tables list the ionization energy in kJ/mol necessary to remove one mole of electrons from one mole of neutral gaseous atoms (first energy), respectively from a singly, doubly, etc. ionized atoms (second, third, etc. energies).

1st–10th

References

* Ionization energies of the elements (data page)


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