- Rolla, Missouri
:"Alternate uses: see
official_name = Rolla, Missouri
mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location of Rolla, Missouri
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Phelps
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 29.3
area_land_km2 = 29.3
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 11.3
area_land_sq_mi = 11.3
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 16367
population_density_km2 = 559.4
population_density_sq_mi = 1448.7
timezone = Central (CST)
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
elevation_m = 342
elevation_ft = 1122
latd = 37 |latm = 56 |lats = 56 |latNS = N
longd = 91 |longm = 45 |longs = 47 |longEW = W
Rolla is a city in Phelps County,
Missouri, United States, midway between the larger cities of St. Louis and Springfield. The population was 16,367 at the 2000 census. It is the county seatof Phelps CountyGR|6. The Rolla MicropolitanStatistical Area consists of Phelps County.
Rolla is an important center for state and federal education and research in science and technology. It is the home of the
Missouri University of Science and Technology, formerly known as the Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy and then as the University of Missouri–Rolla. In addition, the US Geological Survey operates a large regional facility with various centers: the National Geospatial Technical Operations Center III, the Missouri Water Science Center, the Mid-Continent Geographic Science Center, National Spatial Data Infrastructure Partnership Office Liaisons, and the Rolla Science Information and Library Services office. The headquarters of the Mark Twain National Forest, the only United States National Forestin Missouri, is also located in Rolla.
Although private businesses are more limited,
Royal Canin, a major manufacturer of dog and cat food, operates in Rolla.
In addition, this is part of the Ozark Highlands American Viticultural Area, with vineyards established first by Italian immigrants to the area.
The first European-American settlers in Phelps County arrived in the early 1800s, working as farmers and iron workers along the local rivers, such as the Meramec, the Gasconade, and the Little Piney. In 1844 John Webber built the first house in what became the City of Rolla. Nine years later, railroad contractor Edmund Ward Bishop, considered to be the founder of Rolla, settled in the area. The state officially established Rolla as a town in 1858.
Two stories account for how Rolla was named. One, widely regarded as a folk legend, and acknowledged as such by the Phelps County Historical Society, comes from competition with neighboring
Dillon, Missourito be designated the county seat. When Rolla was made the county seat in 1861, the residents of Dillon, having lost a round, were allowed to choose the name of the new city and named it Rolla, after a good-for-nothing hunting dog.
The more widely accepted story came from a citizens' meeting about naming the town. Webber was said to prefer the name Hardscrabble, used to describe the soils in the region, and Bishop pushed for the name Phelps Center. New settlers from
North Carolinavoted to name the town after their hometown of Raleigh but chose to spell the Missouri version phonetically.
With numerous settlers from the South, many residents of Rolla leaned toward the Confederacy during the
American Civil War. The town was taken by Union forces in June, 1861. They built two minor forts during their occupation, Fort Wymanand Fort Dette.
For most of its history, Rolla has served as a transportation and trading center. Rolla was the original terminus of the St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad, colloquially known as the "Frisco Line". Today the
BNSF Railwayruns directly through the town.
Rolla was a regular stop along U.S. Route 66, as it was located almost exactly halfway between the larger cities of St. Louis and Springfield. Today Interstate 44, U.S. Route 63, and Route 72 all run through Rolla. [ [http://www.rollachamber.org/210.html] , Rolla Chamber of Commerce, accessed 16 Jun 2008]
Rolla is located at coor dms|37|56|56|N|91|45|47|W|city (37.948831, -91.763048)GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.3 square miles (29.3 km²), of which, 11.3 sq mi (29.3 km²) of it is land and 0.09% is water.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 16,367 people, 6,514 households, and 3,543 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 1,448.7/sq mi (559.2/km²). There were 7,221 housing units at an average density of 639.2/sq mi (246.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.2% White, 2.92% African American, 0.46% Native American, 4.6% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.72% of the population.
There were 6,514 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.0% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.6% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the city the population was spread out with 20.1% under the age of 18, 25.3% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 112.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,479, and the median income for a family was $38,975. Males had a median income of $31,861 versus $19,625 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $15,916. About 13.8% of families and 22.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.3% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over.
National Bank of Rolla Building, National Register of Historic Places
Phelps County Courthouse, National Register of Historic Places
Phelps County Jail
Rolla Ranger Station Historic District
Missouri University of Science and Technologyhas a half-scale Stonehenge replica built from solid granitelocated on campus.
* Missouri Department of Natural Resources, [http://www.dnr.mo.gov/geology Division of Geology and Land Survey] [http://www.dnr.mo.gov/geology/edclarkmuseum.htm Ed Clark Museum of Missouri Geology]
Mel Carnahan- former Governor of Missouri
Jean Carnahan- former US Senator
Robin Carnahan- current Secretary of State of Missouri
*Kelly Chapman - Olympic Bronze Medalist - Synchronized Swimming
Samuel Curtis- American Civil WarGeneral (Union)
Claire McCaskill- current United States Senatorfrom Missouri
Tom Shipley- member of popular musicduo Brewer & Shipley
Sarah Steelman- current State Treasurer of Missouri
Shannon Miller- Olympic Gold MedalistSee also Notable Missouri S&T Alumni.
Geography of Missouri
* [http://www.rollacity.org/ City of Rolla, Missouri]
* [http://www.rollachamber.org/ Rolla Area Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.wiki.rollachan.org/ Rolla Missouri Wiki Page]
* [http://www.therolladailynews.com/ The Rolla Daily News]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Rolla (Missouri) — Rolla Das historische Courthouse des Phelps Countys in Rolla Lage in Missouri … Deutsch Wikipedia
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