Mac OS X Server 1.0


Mac OS X Server 1.0

Infobox OS
name =Mac OS X Server 1.0



caption = Mac OS X Server 1.0
developer = Apple Computer
family = BSD/NEXTSTEP
source_model =
latest_release_version =
latest_release_date =
kernel_type =
ui =
license =
working_state = Legacy
website = http://www.apple.com/server/macosx/

Mac OS X Server 1.0, released on March 16 1999 [cite web
url=http://www.islandnet.com/~kpolsson/compsoft/soft1998.htm
title=Chronology of Personal Computer Software
last=Polsson
first=Ken
accessdate=2008-05-07
] , is the first operating system released by Apple Computer based on their acquisition of NeXT. Although it had a variation of the Platinum "look and feel" from Mac OS 8, it is based on the OPENSTEP (and thus, NEXTSTEP) operating system instead of the classic Mac OS, giving users a preview of the future operating system Mac OS X.

Server 1.0 contains a mix of features from the classic Mac OS, NEXTSTEP and Mac OS X. It has a single menu bar across the top of the screen like Mac OS but file management is performed in Workspace Manager from NEXTSTEP instead of the Mac's Finder. The user interface still uses the Display PostScript-based window server from NEXTSTEP, instead of the PDF-based WindowServer which would appear a year later in Mac OS X Public Beta. Windows with unsaved content display a black dot in the window close button like NEXTSTEP. The Dock and the Aqua appearance were not included; these were later added to Mac OS X.

Server 1.0 also includes the first version of a NetBoot server, which allows computers to boot from a disk image over a local network. This was particularly useful in a school or other public-machine setting, as it allowed the machines to be booted from a single OS copy stored on Server 1.0, making it difficult for users to damage the OS by installing software – as soon as they signed out, the machine would re-boot with a fresh OS from the NetBoot server.

To run classic Mac OS applications, Mac OS X Server 1.0 includes the "Blue Box" which essentially ran a copy of Mac OS 8.5.1 in a separate process as an emulation layer. This became the "Classic Environment" in Mac OS X, though it was no longer Mac OS 8.5.1 being run, but the latest version of Mac OS 9.

Server 1.0 was replaced by a version based on Mac OS X 10.0 in 2001.

References

External links

* [http://arstechnica.com/reviews/1q99/os-x-first-1.html OS X Server: First Impressions] – Review by Cæsar for ArsTechnica


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