Christy Brown


Christy Brown
Christy Brown
Born 5 June 1932(1932-06-05)
Kimmage, Dublin, Republic of Ireland
Died 7 September 1981(1981-09-07) (aged 49)
England
Occupation Novelist, painter, poet
Nationality Irish

Christy Brown (5 June 1932 – 7 September 1981) was an Irish author, painter and poet who had cerebral palsy. He is most famous for his autobiography My Left Foot, which was later made into an Academy Award-winning film of the same name.

Contents

Biography

Christy Brown was born in the Rotunda Hospital in Dublin in the summer of 1932 to a working-class Irish family. After his birth, doctors discovered that he had severe cerebral palsy, a serious neurological disorder which left him almost entirely paralyzed by spasticity in his limbs. Though urged to commit him to a convalescent hospital, Brown's parents were unswayed and subsequently determined to raise him at home with their other children. During Brown's adolescence, social worker Katrina Delahunt became aware of his story and began to visit the Brown family regularly, while bringing Christy books and painting materials as he had, beginning years earlier, demonstrated keen interest in the arts and literature and also extremely impressive physical dexterity since, soon after discovering several household books, Christy had learned to both write and draw himself with the only limb over which he had unequivocal control — his left leg.[1] Brown quickly matured into a serious artist.

Although Brown famously received almost no formal schooling during his youth, he did attend St Brendan's School-Clinic in Sandymount intermittently. At St. Brendan's he came in contact with Dr. Robert Collis, a noted author. Collis discovered that Brown was also a natural novelist and later Collis helped use his own connections to publish My Left Foot, by then a long-gestating autobiographical account of Brown's struggle with everyday life amidst the vibrant culture of Dublin.[2]

When My Left Foot became a literary sensation, one of the many people who wrote letters to Brown was married American woman Beth Moore. Brown and Moore became regular correspondents and in 1960 Brown holidayed in North America and stayed with Moore at her home in Connecticut.[3] When they met again in 1965 they began an affair. Brown journeyed to Connecticut once more to finish his "magnus opus," which he had been developing for years. He finally did so in 1967 with help from Moore, who introduced and administered a strict working regimen, mostly by denying him alcohol (on which Brown was dependent) until a day's work was completed.[4] The book, titled Down All the Days, was published in 1970 and was inscribed with a dedication to Moore that read, "For Beth, who with such gentle ferocity, finally whipped me into finishing this book..."[5] During this time, Brown's fame continued to spread internationally and he became a prominent celebrity. Upon his return to Ireland, he was able to use proceeds from the sales of his books to design and move into a specially constructed home outside Dublin with his sister's family.[6] Though Brown and Beth had planned to marry and live at together at the new home, and though Moore had informed her husband of these plans, it was around this time that Brown began an affair with English-woman Mary Carr, who he met at a party in London.[7] Brown then terminated his affair with Moore and married Carr in 1972. They moved to Kerry and then to Somerset. He continued to paint, write novels, poetry and plays. His 1974 novel, A Shadow on Summer, was based on his relationship with Moore, who he still considered a friend.[8]

Death

While living in England, Brown's addiction to alcohol became more pronounced as his marriage to Mary Carr had, reportedly, become unhappy, and he died suddenly at his home in 1981.[9] The coroner recorded a verdict of death by misadventure, stating that Brown had succumbed to the effects of shock as a result of asphyxiation while eating a pork chop. Accusations were made by Brown's family that implied his death was precipitated by neglect that contributed to both his ill health and his demise.[10][11] He is buried in the Glasnevin Cemetery in Dublin.[12]

Literary Legacy

Brown's self-proclaimed masterpiece Down all the Days was a project drawn largely from a playful expansion of My Left Foot; it also became an international bestseller and published translations exist in fourteen languages. The Irish Times reviewer Bernard Share claimed the work was "...the most important Irish novel since Ulysses." Like Joyce, Brown employed the stream-of-consciousness technique and sought to document Dublin's culture through the use of humor, accurate dialects and intricate character description. Down All the Days was followed by a series of other novels, including A Shadow on Summer (1972), Wild Grow the Lilies (1976) and A Promising Career (published posthumously in 1982). He also published three poetry collections, including Come Softly to My Wake, Background Music and Of Snails and Skylarks. All the works are now available in the compendium The Collected Poems of Christy Brown.

In Pop Culture

A film adaptation of My Left Foot directed by Jim Sheridan was produced in 1989 from a screenplay by Shane Connaughton. Daniel Day-Lewis starred as Brown and Brenda Fricker as his mother; both won Academy Awards for their performances. The film was nominated for five Academy Awards in total, though it did not receive awards for Best Picture, Best Director, or Best Screenplay Based On Material From Another Medium.

The Irish rock band The Pogues paid tribute to Christy Brown with a song titled "Down All the Days". It is the seventh track on their 1989 recording, Peace and Love. U2 released a song titled "Down All the Days" in their 20th aniversary edition of Achtung baby, as part of their record sessions/rare/unreleased songs for the album.

Bibliography

  • 1954 My Left Foot
  • 1970 Down All The Days
  • 1971 Come Softly to My Wake (Poems of Christy Brown)
  • 1973 Background Music: Poems
  • 1974 A Shadow on Summer
  • 1976 Wild Grow the Lilies
  • 1978 Of Snails And Skylarks
  • 1982 A Promising Career (posthumous publication of his final work)
  • 1991 The Collected Poems of Christy Brown (posthumous compilation of his three books of poetry)

References

  1. ^ Jordan, Anthony J. (1998). Christy Brown's Women: A Biography Drawing on His Letters. Westport Books. p. 20-21. ISBN 978-0952444732.
  2. ^ Jordan, Anthony J. p. 49
  3. ^ Jordan, Anthony J. p. 68-74
  4. ^ Jordan, Anthony J. p. 91
  5. ^ Jordan, Anthony J. p. 103
  6. ^ Jordan, Anthony J. p. 111
  7. ^ Jordan, Anthony J. p. 118
  8. ^ Jordan, Anthony J. p. 127-128
  9. ^ Jordan, Anthony J. p. 148
  10. ^ "Christy's Unhappy Ending". Irish Mirror. http://www.thefreelibrary.com/CHRISTY%27S+UNHAPPY+ENDING%3B+Disabled+author+was+beaten+by+his+lesbian...-a0170796566. 
  11. ^ "Christy Brown neglected by ex-prostitute wife". Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1568455/Christy-Brown-neglected-by-ex-prostitute-wife.html. 
  12. ^ Jordan, Anthony J. p. 152-155

External links


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