- Protected areas of Michigan
The protected areas of Michigan come in an array of different types and levels of protection.
Michiganhas five units of the National Park Servicesystem. There are 14 federal wilderness areas; the majority of these are also tribal-designated wildernesses. It has one of the largest state forestsystems as well having four national forests. The state maintains a large state parksystem and there are also regional parks, and county, township and city parks. Still other parks on land and in the Great Lakesare maintained by other governmental bodies.
Michigan contains a number of different types of federally managed lands. There is one
national park, Isle Royale National Parkas well as two national lakeshores, Pictured Rocks National Lakeshoreand Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore. There is also the Keweenaw National Historical Parkand the Father Marquette National Memorial, although the latter is managed by the Michigan state park system for the national government.
Michigan has four
national forests: two in the Lower Peninsula, Huron National Forestand Manistee National Forestas well as two in the Upper Peninsula, Ottawa National Forestand Hiawatha National Forest. The U.S. Forest Serviceowns 2.8 million acres (11,000 km²) in these forests out of the designated areas which total 4.8 million acres (19,000 km²) when including private inholdings. Several areas in the forests are designated wilderness and one area, Grand Island is a National Recreation Area. All sixteen National Wild and Scenic Rivers in Michigan are managed by the Forest Service. (See List of National Wild and Scenic Rivers#Michigan)Fourteen federal wildernesses in Michigan cover 249,218 acres (1,009 km²):
*one is almost congruent with Isle Royale National Park
*three are managed by the
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service:
Michigan Islands Wilderness
Huron Islands Wilderness
*ten are located in National Forests and are managed jointly by the
U.S. Forest Serviceand the Great Lakes Indian Fish & Wildlife Commissionof ChippewaIndians:
Sturgeon River Gorge Wilderness
Big Island Lake Wilderness
Horseshoe Bay Wilderness
Rock River Canyon Wilderness
Round Island Wilderness
Nordhouse Dunes Wilderness
There are ten
National Wildlife Refuges covering 113,639 acres (460 km²) in the state. These include the first international refuge between the United States and Canada, the Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge. (See List of National Wildlife Refuges#Michigan)
Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary and Underwater Preservepreserves an area of 448 square miles (1160 km²) with 120 shipwrecks in Lake Huronand is managed jointly by the state and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
The Michigan Department of Natural Resources manages state protected areas. These include 78
state parks; 19 state recreaction areas, 6 state forests, and 5 state scenic sites. They also manage the Father Marquette National Memorialfor the federal government. The MIDNR owns 4.5 million acres (18,000 km²) of land, 6 million acres (24,000 km²) of mineral rights, and manages 25 million acres (101,000 km²) of Great Lakes' bottomlands. Most of the protected lands, almost 4 million acres (16,000 km²) are in the state forest system. State parks range in size from 31 acres (0.25 km²) ( Tricentennial State Park) to 60,000 acres (243 km²) ( Porcupine Mountains State Park).
The state manages a number of state
game areas primarily for hunting. Other areas include state wildlife areas, state wildlife research areas, and wildlife research stations.
List of Michigan state parks
List of Michigan state forests
List of U.S. state and tribal wilderness areas
A number of different local government bodies operate parks and protected areas. These include city parks which may be no more than a green space in a city to large
regional parksystems like the 24,000 acre (97 km²) Huron-Clinton Metroparks. Michigan has county parks, township parks and at least one soil conservation districtpark among other types. Two state parks, Van Buren Trail State Parkand Kal-Haven Trailis managed on the county level. Other protected areas include nature study areas owned by several colleges and universities throughout the state.
Private protected areas
A number of areas in Michigan are owned by private, non-profit land conservancies. These organizations sometimes donate or exchange land with government units and also purchase development rights from the owners of private lands. A large number exist, often with overlapping areas of operation. Many of these are open to public use, generally for nature study and some include hiking trails.
* [http://www.nps.gov National Park Service]
* [http://www.michigan.gov/dnr Michigan Department of Natural Resources ]
* [http://www.landtrust.org/Links/MILandTrustames.htm Land conservancies in Michigan]
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