Weinberger Doctrine


Weinberger Doctrine

The Weinberger Doctrine was a list of points governing when the United States could commit troops in military engagements. The doctrine was publicly disclosed by U.S. Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger on November 28, 1984 in a speech entitled "The Uses of Military Power" delivered before the National Press Club in Washington, D.C.

The Weinberger Doctrine was an outgrowth of the collective lessons learned from the Vietnam War and the desire of the U.S. government to avoid such quagmires in the future.Fact|date=June 2008

The Weinberger doctrine:

# The United States should not commit forces to combat unless the vital national interests of the United States or its allies are involved.
# U.S. troops should only be committed wholeheartedly and with the clear intention of winning. Otherwise, troops should not be committed.
# U.S. combat troops should be committed only with clearly defined political and military objectives and with the capacity to accomplish those objectives.
# The relationship between the objectives and the size and composition of the forces committed should be continually reassessed and adjusted if necessary.
# U.S. troops should not be committed to battle without a "reasonable assurance" of the support of U.S. public opinion and Congress.
# The commitment of U.S. troops should be considered only as a last resort.

Events leading to the Weinberger Doctrine

The proximate event leading to Weinberger's speech was the bombing of the U.S. Marine barracks at Beirut airport on October 23, 1983, in which 241 marines died. The U.S. Marines were in Lebanon as part of an ill-fated U.S. peacekeeping mission undertaken despite the vigorous opposition of the U.S. Secretary of Defense and the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, who argued that its purpose was never clearly defined and that the chaotic, violent situation in Lebanon could not be brought under control by any outside force. They further argued that any U.S. military contingent entered into the Lebanon conflict would become a convenient and prominent target for the various factions in the civil war.Fact|date=June 2008

A second, older event having strong impact on the Weinberger Doctrine was the U.S. military's failure to win the war in Vietnam and the costs incurred by the U.S. during that action.

See also

*Vietnam War
*Powell doctrine

External links

* [http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/military/force/weinberger.html PBS.org: transcript of "The Uses of Military Power"]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Weinberger — is a Germanic surname, which may refer to:* AG Weinberger, Romanian blues guitarist * Eliot Weinberger (1949 ), American writer, editor, and translator * Caspar Weinberger, American politician and Secretary of Defense under President Ronald… …   Wikipedia

  • Doctrine Weinberger — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Weinberger. Du nom du Secrétaire à la Défense du Président Ronald Reagan, Caspar Weinberger, la doctrine Weinberger fait suite au double débat sur les causes de la défaite américaine au Viêt Nam et sur un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Doctrine Powell — La doctrine Powell est un principe d engagement militaire défini par le général américain Colin Powell à l aube de la guerre du Golfe en 1990 91. Elle est basée sur la doctrine Weinberger (du nom de l ancien secrétaire à la Défense et supérieur… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Weinberger — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronymie Weinberger est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Caspar Weinberger (1917 2006), un homme politique américain. La doctrine Weinberger …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Doctrine Reagan — Le président des États Unis Ronald Reagan La doctrine Reagan était une stratégie orchestrée et mise en place par les États Unis sous l administration Reagan pour contrer l influence globale de l Union soviétique au cours des dernières années de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Doctrine stratégique — Liste des doctrines géopolitiques Les doctrines géopolitiques ont été utilisées dans les relations internationales pour affirmer la politique extérieure des nations sur la scène mondiale. Sommaire 1 Liste par ordre chronologique 1.1 Doctrines… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Powell Doctrine — The Powell Doctrine is a journalist created term, named after General Colin Powell in the run up to the 1990 1991 Gulf War. It is based in large part on the Weinberger Doctrine, devised by Caspar Weinberger, former Secretary of Defense and Powell …   Wikipedia

  • Foreign policy doctrine — A foreign policy doctrine is a general statement of foreign policy and belief system through a doctrine. In some cases, the statement is made by a political leader, typically a nation’s chief executive or chief diplomat, and comes to be named… …   Wikipedia

  • Monroe Doctrine — U.S. President James Monroe. Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, author of the Monroe Doctrine …   Wikipedia

  • Reagan Doctrine — The Reagan Doctrine was a strategy orchestrated and implemented by the United States to oppose the global influence of the Soviet Union during the final years of the Cold War. While the doctrine lasted less than a decade, it was the centerpiece… …   Wikipedia