Battle of Maguilla

Battle of Maguilla

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Maguilla

partof=Peninsular War
date=June 11, 1812
place=Maguilla, Spain
result=French victory
combatant1=flagicon|France French Empire
combatant2=flagicon|United Kingdom United Kingdom
commander1=Brig-Gen Lallemand
commander2=Brig-Gen John Slade
strength1=700 cavalry
strength2=700 cavalry
casualties1=51 killed and wounded, a few captured
casualties2=40 killed and wounded, 118 captured

In the Battle of Maguilla on June 11, 1812, a French cavalry brigade commanded by Brigadier General Lallemand routed a similar-sized British cavalry brigade led by Brigadier General John Slade.


Slade's brigade was covering Rowland Hill's corps, which protected Badajoz. On April 6, this fortress had been captured by the Duke of Wellington's Anglo-Portuguese army in the Battle of Badajoz. In May, Hill had mounted a successful raid in the Battle of Almaraz. Maguilla is 17 km northeast of Llerena in the Spanish province of Extremadura.


Lallemand's 700-strong brigade consisted of the 17th and 27th Dragoon Regiments. Slade also commanded 700 sabres from the 1st "Royal" Dragoons and 3rd "Prince of Wales" Dragoon Guards Regiments. [Smith p 378] The two forces deployed opposite one another, but Lallemand kept one of his six squadrons in reserve, out of sight of the British.

Slade ordered a charge, which threw back the French horsemen. The British dragoons galloped wildly after the fleeing Frenchmen, capturing about 100 cavalrymen. Slade failed to reform his troopers and they soon came up with the reserve French squadron. This unit waited until their adversaries had covered a mile, then they attacked the disorganised British from flank and rear. The five defeated squadrons also turned on their tormentors and the result was a rout of the British.


The British lost 40 killed and wounded and 118 captured. [Oman p 106] The French suffered 51 killed and wounded. Most of the French who were captured at the beginning of the action escaped. [Smith p 378] The next action would be the Battle of Salamanca.

After the battle, Wellington wrote Hill, "I have never been more annoyed than by Slade's affair. Our officers of cavalry have acquired the trick of galloping at everything. They never consider the situation, never think of manoeuvring before an enemy, and never keep back or provide for a reserve." [Oman p 106] This was not the only occasion that Wellington's cavalry charged out of control. Other incidents were Taylor's 20th Light Dragoons at the Battle of Vimeiro, George Anson's 23rd Light Dragoons at the Battle of Talavera, the 13th Light Dragoons at the Battle of Campo Mayor and William Ponsonby's 2nd Brigade at the Battle of Waterloo.



* Oman, Charles. "Wellington's Army, 1809-1814." Greenhill, (1913) 1993.
* Smith, Digby. "The Napoleonic Wars Data Book." Greenhill, 1998.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Liste des batailles des guerres de la Révolution et du Premier Empire — Sommaire 1 Première coalition 1.1 Batailles de 1792 1.2 Batailles de 1793 1.3 Batailles de 1794 1.4 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bataille de Barrosa — 36° 22′ 19″ N 6° 10′ 35″ W / 36.3719, 6.1765 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bataille de Ponte Sampaio — Informations générales Date 7 au 9 juin 1809 Lieu Ponte Sampaio, Espagne Issue Victoire espagnole Belligérants …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bataille de Sagonte — Informations générales Date 25 octobre 1811 Lieu Sagonte, Espagne Issue Victoire française …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bataille de Tudela — 42° 03′ 18″ N 1° 36′ 59″ W / 42.054925, 1.616331 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guerre d'indépendance espagnole —  Cet article traite de la guerre de 1808 1814, appelée également Guerre d’Espagne. Pour la guerre d’Espagne de 1936 1939, voir l’article Guerre d Espagne Invasion de l Espagne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Siège de Figuières (1811) — « Siège de Figueras » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Siège de Figueras (homonymie). Siège de Figuières (1811) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Siège de Tarragone — Jean Antoine Siméon Fort (1793 1861), Vue panoramique des travaux du siège de Tarragonne, Musée de l Histoire de France (Versailles). Informations général …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Soulèvement de Valdepeñas — Combat de Valdepeñas contre les troupes napoléoniennes le 6 juin 1808 Informations générales Date 6 juin 1808 Lieu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bataille de Fuentes de Oñoro — Informations générales Date 3 5 mai 1811 Lieu Fuentes de Oñoro, Espagne Issue Victoire des Alliés …   Wikipédia en Français