- Sakha language
nativename=Саха тыла "Saxa tyla"
speakers=456,288 (2002 census) [Russian Census 2002. [http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/TOM_04_04.xls Распространенность владения языками (кроме русского)] ("Knowledge of languages other than Russian")ru icon]
fam1=Altaic [" [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_family.asp?subid=90009] Ethnologue"] (controversial)
Map showing locations of Sakha (dark blue) and Dolgan (blue)
Sakha is a member of the Northern Turkic family of languages, which includes Shor, Tuvan, and Dolgan in addition to Sakha. The Northern Turkic family is a subgroup of the
Turkic languages, which some linguists believe to be member of the disputed Altaic language family. cite book | author=Krueger, John R. | title=Yakut Manual | location=Bloomington | publisher=Indiana U Press | year=1962]
Sakha is spoken mainly in the Sakha Republic. It is also used by ethnic Sakha in
Khabarovsk Regionand a small diaspora in other parts of the Russian Federation, Turkey, and other parts of the world. Dolgan, a close relative of Sakha, considered by some a dialect, is spoken by Dolgansin Krasnoyarsk Region. Sakha is widely used as a lingua francaby other ethnic minorities in the Sakha Republic - more Dolgans, Evenks, Evensand Yukagirsspeak Yakut than their own languages. About 8% of the people of other ethnicities than Yakut living in Sakha claimed knowledge of Yakut language during the 2002 census. [Russian Census 2002. [http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/TOM_04_06.xls 6. Владение языками (кроме русского) населением отдельных национальностей по республикам, автономной области и автономным округам Российской Федерации] ("Knowledge of languages other than Russian by the population of republics, autonomous oblast and autonomous districts") ru icon]
One characteristic feature of Sakha is
vowel harmony. For example, if the first vowel of a Sakha word is a front vowel, the second and other vowels of the same word are usually the same vowel or another front vowel: кэлин ("kelin") "back": э ("e") is open unrounded front, и ("i") is close unrounded front.
* [http://doydu.sakhaopenworld.org/modules/debaser/genre.php?genreid=13 Sakha Open World] - mp3's of Sakha Radio
Nouns have plural and singular forms. The plural is formed with the suffix /-LAr/, which may surface as [-лар ("-lar")] , [-лэр ("-ler")] , [-лөр ("-lør")] , [-лор ("-lor")] , [-тар ("-tar")] , [-тэр ("-ter")] , [-төр ("-tør")] , [-тор ("-tor")] , [-дар ("-dar")] , [-дэр ("-der")] , [-дөр ("-dør")] , [-дор ("-dor")] , [-нар ("-nar")] , [-нэр ("-ner")] , [-нөр ("-nør")] , or [-нор ("-nor")] , depending on the preceding consonants and vowels. The plural is used only when referring to a number of things collectively, not when specifying an amount. Nouns have no gender, but the
pronounsystem distinguishes between human and non-human in the third person, using кини ("kini") to refer to human beings and ол ("ol") to refer to all other things. [cite book | author=Kirişçioğlu, M. Fatih | title=Saha (Yakut) Türkçesi Grameri | location=Ankara | publisher=Türk Dil Kurumu | year=1999 |id=ISBN 975-16-0587-3]
Personal pronouns in Sakha distinguish between first, second, and third persons and singular and plural number.
Question words in Sakha remain in-situ; they do not move to the front of the sentence. Sample question words include:туох ("tuox") "what", ким ("kim") "who", хайдах ("xaydax") "how", хас ("xas") "how much", ханна ("xanna") "where", and ханнык ("xannIPA|ɯk") "which".
The first printing in Yakut was a part of a
Nicolaas Witsen's book published in 1692in Amsterdam.
2005, Marianne Beerle-Moor, director of the Institute for Bible Translation, Russia/CIS, was awarded the “Civil Valour” Order for ... the translation of the New Testamentinto the Yakut language. [ [http://www.ibt.org.ru/english/about_en.htm Библии Перевода Институт ] ]
Semyon Novgorodov- the inventor of the first IPA-based Yakut alphabet
* [http://www.uni-bonn.de/~uzsylm/mongol/mongol_sakha.html Comparison of Yakut and Mongolian vocabulary]
* [http://www.uni-bonn.de/~uzsylm/sakha/bib/ Yakut texts with Russian translations] - heroic poetry, fairy tales, legends, proverbs, etc.
* [http://sakhalyy.helios-nw.ru/ Sakhalyy suruk] - Sakha Unicode fonts and Keyboard Layouts for PC
* [http://sakhatyla.ru Sakhatyla.ru] - On-line Yakut-Russian, Russian-Yakut dictionary
* [http://home.uchicago.edu/~straughn/sakhadic.pdf Sakha-English Dictionary]
Content in Sakha
* [http://doydu.sakhaopenworld.org/ Sakha Open World - Орто Дойду] - A platform to promote the Yakut Language on the web; News, Lyrics, Music, Fonts, Forum, VideoNews (in Yakut,
* [http://www.baayaga.narod.ru Baayaga village website] - news and stories about and by the people of Baayaga (in Yakut)
* [http://www.kyym.ru Kyym.ru] - site of Yakut newspaper
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