List of Canadian disasters by death toll


List of Canadian disasters by death toll

List of Canadian disasters by death toll is a list of major disasters (excluding acts of war) which occurred in Canada or involved Canadian citizens, in a definable incident, where the loss of life was 10 or more.

* 50,000 – Spanish flu pandemic, 1918 to 1919 " [estimate for Canada] "
* 4,000 – Newfoundland Hurricane of 1775, September 1775 [ [http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pastdeadlyapp1.shtml The Deadliest Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1492-1996 ] ]
* 2,000 – Halifax Explosion, City of Halifax, Nova Scotia, 6 December 1917 " [estimate; 1,950 recorded names] "
* 2,000 – Tseax Cone eruption, circa 1750 " [estimate] "
* 1,012 – RMS "Empress of Ireland"" shipwreck, St. Lawrence River, 29 May 1914
* 600 – Nova Scotia Hurricane of 1873, August 1873
* 562 – RMS "Atlantic" shipwreck, Marrs Head, Mosher Island, Meagher's Island, Nova Scotia, 1 April 1873
* 353 – SS "Princess Sophia" shipwreck, near Juneau, Alaska, bound for Vancouver, 25 October 1918
* 340 – "Aeneas" shipwreck, Isle aux Morts, Newfoundland, 23 October 1805
* 300 – Great Labrador Gale of 1885, 10 October 1885 [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9404E3DE123FE533A2575BC0A9679D94649FD7CF The Gale Off Labrador; Further Details Of Its Destructive Work.Sufferi... - Article Preview - The New York Times ] ] [ [http://www.heritage.nf.ca/environment/tablemap4.html Coastal Flooding: Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage ] ]
* 300 – "Sibylle", emigrant ship wrecked St. Paul Island, Nova Scotia, 11 September 1834
* 298 – SS "Pacific" shipwreck, Cape Flattery out of Victoria, BC, 4 November 1875
* 280 – Air India Flight 182, Atlantic Ocean out of Montréal Mirabel International Airport, " [280 Canadian nationals out of 329 total fatalities] "
* 261 – Nigeria Airways Flight 2120Nationair DC-8-61 aircrash, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, 11 July 1991 " [Canadian aircraft; 14 Canadian crew, others Nigerian nationals] "
* 256 – Arrow Air Flight 1285 aircrash, Gander, Newfoundland, 12 December 1985 " [worst aircrash on Canadian soil] "
* 250 – Great Lakes Storm of 1913, Great Lakes Basin, 1913 " [estimate for Canada and U.S. fatalities] "
* 238 – HMS "Tribune", wrecked Halifax, Nova Scotia, 16 November 1797
* 237 – SS "Anglo Saxon" (Allan Line) shipwreck, Avalon Peninsula, Cape Race, Newfoundland, 27 April 1863 [ [http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/Wrecks/anglosaxon.htm Anglo Saxon wreck 1863 ] ]
* 229 – Swissair Flight 111 aircrash, St. Margarets Bay, Nova Scotia, 2 September 1998
* 205 – SS "Hungarian" (Allan Line), wrecked Cape Sable, Nova Scotia, 20 February 1860 [ [http://museum.gov.ns.ca/mma/wrecks/wrecks/shipwrecks.asp?ID=2197 On the Rocks: Shipwrecks of Nova Scotia - Maritime Museum of the Atlantic, Halifax, Nova Scotia ] ]
* 203 – shipwrecks of USS Pollux (AKS-2) (93 fatalities) and USS Truxtun (DD-229) (110 fatalities), Placentia Bay, Newfoundland, 18 February 1942. (USS Wilkes (DD-441) also grounded, but with no fatalities.)
* 200-250 – Matheson Fire, Northern Ontario, 29 July 1916
* 189 – Hillcrest mine disaster, Hillcrest, Alberta, 19 June 1914
* 182+ - "Victoria" , London, Ontario, ferry capsized 24 May 1881 [ [http://www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WM19X4 historic plaque commemorating event ] ]
* 173 – SS "Florizel" shipwreck, Cappahayden, Newfoundland and Labrador, 23 February 1918
* 173 – SS "Southern Cross" shipwreck, Newfoundland, March 1914
* 160 – Miramichi Fire, New Brunswick, October 1825
* 150 – 1887 Nanaimo mine explosion, Nanaimo, British Columbia, 3 May 1887
* 136 – SS "Valencia" shipwreck, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, 22 January 1906
* 129 – John Franklin expedition – "HMS Erebus (1826)" and "HMS Terror (1813)" lost in Northwest Passage, 1845-1848
* 125 – First Springhill mining disaster, Springhill, Nova Scotia, 21 February 1891
* 118 – Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 831 aircrash, Sainte-Thérèse, Quebec, 29 November 1963
* 118 - SS "Noronic" fire, Toronto, 17 September 1949
* 115 – HMS "Acorn", shipwreck, Halifax NS, 14 April 1828
* 109 – Air Canada Flight 621, near Toronto, 5 July 1970
* 102 – HMS "Feversham" shipwreck, Scatterie Island, Louisbourg, Nova Scotia, 7 October 1711
* 99 – Beloeil train disaster, Richelieu River, Beloeil, Quebec, 29 June 1864 " [deadliest train disaster in Canada] "
* 84 – "Ocean Ranger" oil platform sinking, Grand Banks, 15 February 1982
* 81 – Hurricane Hazel, Toronto, October 1954
* 78 – SS "Newfoundland" seal hunt disaster, Newfoundland, March 1914
* 77 – Laurier Palace Theatre Fire, Montreal, 9 January 1927
* 76 – Quebec Bridge first collapse, 29 August 1907
* 74 – Third Springhill mining disaster, Springhill, Nova Scotia, 23 October 1958
* 73-200 - Great Porcupine Fire, Porcupine, Ontario, 10 July 1911
* 70 – Frank Slide, Turtle Mountain (Alberta), 29 April 1903
* 70 – Desjardins Canal train disaster, bridge collapse, 12 March 1857
* 64 – Canadian Pacific Airlines Flight 402 (CP402) McDonnell Douglas DC-8-43 crashed on landing, Tokyo, Japan 4 March 1966
* 59 – "Despatch" shipwreck, Isle aux Morts, Newfoundland, 12 July 1828 [ [http://www.mightyseas.co.uk/marhist/whitehaven/despatch.htm Brief History of the Workington brig Despatch / Dispatch ] ]
* 55 – Point Ellice Bridge Disaster, Victoria, British Columbia, 26 May 1896
* 52 – Canadian Pacific Airlines Flight 21 Douglas DC-6B crashed near Dog Creek, British Columbia when a bomb blew its tail section away, 8 July 1965
* 52 – Great Western Railway passenger train collides with the tail end of gravel train at Baptiste Creek, Canada West. October 27 1854
* 44 – 1997 Les Éboulements bus accident, Quebec, 13 October 1997
* 44 – Spanish River derailment, Northern Ontario, 21 January 1910
* 42 – Pacific Western Airlines Flight 314, Cranbrook/Canadian Rockies International Airport, 11 February 1978
* 40 - SS "Islander" (Canadian Pacific Steam Navigation Company), sunk by iceberg, Lynn Canal south of Juneau, Alaska
* 40 – Québec rockslide, Cap Diamant, 19 September 1889
* 39 – Second Springhill mining disaster, Springhill, Nova Scotia, 1 November 1956
* 37 – Canadian Pacific Airlines Douglas C-54 A-10-DC disappeared en route without trace out of Vancouver, British Columbia for Anchorage, Alaska, 21 July 1951
* 37 – Great Labrador Gale of 1867, 9 October 1867
* 35 – 1959 Escuminac Hurricane, Gulf of St. Lawrence, 19 June 1959
* 31 – St-Jean-Vianney mudslide, St-Jean-Vianney, Quebec, 4 May 1971 [ [http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/forcesofnature/flooding.html CBC News Indepth: Forces of nature - Flooding ] ]
* 31 – Dugald train disaster, Dugald, Manitoba, 1 September 1947
* 29 – 1929 Grand Banks earthquake and tsunami, Burin Peninsula, 18 November 1929
* 29 - SS Edmund Fitzgerald, Lake Superior November 1975, went down with all hands
* 28 – North American ice storm of 1998, January 1998 " [Canada fatalities only] "
* 28 – Regina Cyclone, Regina, Saskatchewan, 30 June 1912
* 27 – Edmonton Tornado, Edmonton, Alberta, 31 July 1987
* 27 – Canadian Pacific Airlines Flight 301 Bristol Britannia crashed in Honolulu, Hawaii, 22 July 1962
* 27 – Ironworkers Memorial Second Narrows Crossing bridge collapse, Vancouver, 17 June 1958
* 27 - SS "Viking", explosion, Horse Islands (Newfoundland and Labrador), 15 March 1931
* 26 – Westray Mine methane explosion, Plymouth, Nova Scotia, 9 May 1992
* 26+ – HMS "Speedy" shipwreck in snowstorm, Lake Ontario, 8 October 1804
* 24 – 9/11, 11 September 2001 " [Canada fatalities only] "
* 24 – Air Ontario Flight 1363, near Dryden, Ontario, 10 March 1989
* 23 – Hinton train collision, Hinton, Alberta, 8 February 1986
* 23 – Air Canada Flight 797, aircraft fire, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport, 2 June 1983
* 23 – Québec Airways DC-3 bomb sabotage, Saint-Joachim, Quebec, 9 September 1949 "See Albert Guay"
* 21 - MV "Flare" bulk carrier shipwreck, Cabot Strait, 16 January 1998
* 19 – Dorion level crossing accident, Dorion, Quebec, 7 October 1966
* 17 – Legionnaire's disease outbreak, Toronto [ [http://english.people.com.cn/200510/08/eng20051008_213191.html People's Daily Online - Legionnaires' disease claims another life in Toronto ] ]
* 15 – Orléans air disaster, Orléans, Ontario, 15 May 1956
* 15 – Canadian Pacific Airlines Flight 307 Douglas DC-6B aircrash, near Cold Bay, Alaska, 29 August 1956
* 13 - MS "Arctic Explorer" shipwreck, off St Anthony, Newfoundland, 3 July 1981
* 13 – 1974 Les Éboulements bus accident, Quebec, 1974
* 13 – Quebec Bridge second collapse, 11 September 1916
* 13 – Sand Point, Ontario, head-on train collision, 9 February 1904
* 12 – Pine Lake, Alberta Tornado, 14 July 2000
* 11 – Canadian Pacific Airlines De Havilland DH-106 Comet 1A CF-CUN "Empress of Hawaii", crashed on takeoff from Karachi, Pakistan, 3 March 1953 (first passenger jetliner involved in a fatal accident) [ [http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530303-1&lang=en ASN Aircraft accident description de Havilland DH-106 Comet 1A CF-CUN - Karachi ] ]

ee also

* List of disasters in Canada (by date)
* List of wars and disasters by death toll (worldwide)
* List of disasters in Australia by death toll
* List of New Zealand disasters by death toll
* List of United Kingdom disasters by death toll
* List of United States disasters by death toll
* List of Canada-related topics
* Volcanism in Canada

References

External links

* [http://web.ncf.ca/jonesb/DisasterPaper/disasterpaper.html "Canadian Disasters: an historical survey" by Robert L. Jones]
* [http://www.collectionscanada.ca/sos/ SOS! Canadian Disasters] , a virtual museum exhibition at Library and Archives Canada
* [http://www.ps-sp.gc.ca/res/em/cdd/index-eng.aspx Canadian Disaster Database]
* [http://museum.gov.ns.ca/mma/wrecks/wrecks/default.asp Maritime Museum of the Atlantic: Marine Heritage Database]


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